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Symptom Checker » Hypoglycemia » Ketones in the urine
 

Hypoglycemia and Ketones in the urine and Tetany
Symptom Checker

Results: Causes of Hypoglycemia AND Ketones in the urine AND Tetany

Note: Do not use for diagnosis; see limitations of results.

Results: 173 causes of Hypoglycemia OR Ketones in the urine OR Tetany

    1. 3-alpha-Hydroxyacyl-CoA Dehydrogenase Deficiency
     A rare inherited form of biochemical disorder characterized by the deficiency of a particular enzyme (3-Hydroxyacyl-CoA Dehydrogenase). The enzyme deficiency only affects certain body tissues, in particular the skeletal muscles. The lack of enzyme activit...more »
    2. 3-alpha-hydroxyacyl-coenzyme A dehydrogenase deficiency
     A rare inherited form of biochemical disorder characterized by the deficiency of a particular enzyme (3-Hydroxyacyl-CoA Dehydrogenase). The enzyme deficiency only affects certain body tissues, in particular the skeletal muscles. The lack of enzyme activit...more »
    3. 3-methylglutaconic aciduria, type 4
     A rare genetic disorder where the body's cells are unable to make sufficient energy resulting in an accumulation in the body of 3-methylglutaconic acid. Type 4 is characterized by symptoms which overlap type 1 and 3....more »
    4. ACTH Deficiency
     A rare endocrine disorder involving a lack of ACTH (adrenocorticotropic hormone) and low levels of cortisol and steroid hormones....more »
    5. Achalasia -- Addisonianism -- Alacrimia syndrome
     A rare inherited disorder characterized mainly by achalasia, alacrimia (absent tears) and Addison's disease. Addison's disease involves adrenal insufficiency due to a resistance to adrenocorticotropic hormone. Only about 70 cases reported worldwide....more »
    6. Achalasia -- addisonianism -- alacrima syndrome
     A rare inherited disorder characterized mainly by achalasia, alacrimia (absent tears) and Addison's disease. Addison's disease involves adrenal insufficiency due to a resistance to adrenocorticotropic hormone. Only about 70 cases reported worldwide....more »
    7. Acid-Base Imbalance
     A disruption to the normal acid-base equilibrium in the body. There are four main groups of disorder involving an acid-base imbalance: respiratory acidosis or alkalosis and metabolic acidosis or alkalosis. Obviously the severity of symptoms is determined ...more »
    8. Acidemia, methylmalonic
     An inborn error of metabolism where amino acids in the body aren't metabolized properly resulting in high levels of the acid throughout the body....more »
    9. Acute Pancreatitis
     Sudden severe inflammation of the pancreas causing digestive complaints....more »
    10. Acute fatty liver of pregnancy
     A rare complication of pregnancy that can occur in the second half of the pregnancy. It is characterized by excessive fatty deposits in the liver which can be fatal without prompt diagnosis and treatment which involves delivering the baby as soon as possi...more »
    11. Acyl-CoA dehydrogenase, short chain, deficiency of
     A rare disorder where the body lacks enzymes needed to convert some fats (short-chain fatty acids) into energy. Symptoms are exacerbated by fasting or acute illness. The severity of symptoms is variable with some patients remaining virtually asymptomatic ...more »
    12. Adenoma, Islet Cell
     A pancreatic tumor which may be benign or malignant. Symptoms may vary depending on the location and size of the tumor as well as whether the tumor secretes hormones or not. For example, the tumor may block the biliary duct....more »
    13. Adrenal Cancer
     A malignant cancer that develops in the adrenal gland. The tumor may be nonfunctioning (does not produce hormones) or functioning in which case excessive levels of hormones can cause a variety of symptoms depending on which hormone is involved. Adrenal ho...more »
    14. Adrenal Cortex Diseases
     Diseases of the adrenal cortex. Examples includes Addison's disease, Cushing's syndrome and adrenal fatigue....more »
    15. Adrenal hypoplasia congenital, X-linked
     A genetic disorder which affects the body tissues that produce hormones. It is characterized by underdeveloped adrenal glands which results adrenal insufficiency and hypogonadotrophic hypogonadism....more »
    16. Adrenal insufficiency
     Where there is insufficient secretion of hormones secreted from the adrenal glands...more »
    17. Adverse reaction to chemical -- 1,1-Dichloroethene
     1,1-Dichloroethene is a chemical used in packaging, food wraps, carpet backing, adhesives and steel pipe coating. Some people can suffer an adverse reaction to the chemical. The severity of symptoms varies amongst patients....more »
    18. Alcoholism
     Alcoholism is the compulsive urge to drink alcohol despite knowing the negative impact on one's health....more »
    19. Alkalosis
     Blood alkalinity levels too high (opposite of acidosis)...more »
    20. Anorexia
     Any type of appetite loss; often refers to anorexia nervosa...more »
    21. Bamforth syndrome
     A rare syndrome characterized mainly by the association of an abnormal opening in the roof of the mouth and reduced thyroid functioning....more »
    22. Barakat syndrome
     A rare condition characterized by deafness, kidney disease and insufficiency parathyroid hormone production....more »
    23. Bartter Syndrome
     A rare genetic disorder of kidney metabolism characterized by reduced blood acidity and low potassium levels....more »
    24. Breast Cancer
     Cancer of the breast....more »
    25. Breast Feeding
     Nursing an infant with breast milk....more »
    26. Burns
     Injury from burns and scalds....more »
    27. Carnitine Palmitoyl Transferase I Deficiency
     A very rare inherited deficiency of a particular enzyme (Carnitine palmitoyl transferase 1) prevents fatty acids being transported to the part of the cell that converts it to energy....more »
    28. Carnitine Palmitoyl Transferase II Deficiency
     A very rare inherited deficiency of a particular enzyme (Carnitine palmitoyl transferase 1) prevents fatty acids being transported to the part of the cell that converts it to energy. There are two main subtypes of the disorder with each involving a slight...more »
    29. Carnitine palmitoyl transferase 1 deficiency
     A very rare inherited deficiency of a particular enzyme (Carnitine palmitoyl transferase I) prevents fatty acids being transported to the part of the cell that converts it to energy....more »
    30. Carnitine palmitoyl transferase 2 deficiency
     A very rare inherited deficiency of a particular enzyme (Carnitine palmitoyl transferase) which prevents fatty acids being transported to the part of the cell that converts it to energy. There are two main subtypes of the disorder with each involving a sl...more »
    31. Carnitine palmitoyl transferase II deficiency, infantile hepatocardiomuscular type
     A very rare metabolic disorder where deficiency of a particular enzyme (CPT II) prevents muscle fats being converted to energy. The infantile form of this disease affects the muscles and the liver and heart....more »
    32. Carnitine palmitoyl transferase deficiency
     A very rare inherited deficiency of a particular enzyme (Carnitine palmitoyl transferase) which prevents fatty acids being transported to the part of the cell that converts it to energy. There are two main subtypes of the disorder with each involving a sl...more »
    33. Carnitine transporter deficiency
     An inherited deficiency of carnitine caused by the impaired ability of the carnitine transporter protein to carry the carnitine to where it is needed. Instead the carnitine is excreted through the urine. Fasting or illness can trigger a severe attack....more »
    34. Chromosome 11, Partial Monosomy 11q
     A very rare chromosomal disorder involving the absence of a portion of chromosome 11q. The range and severity of symptoms is determined by the size of the portion that is deleted....more »
    35. Chronic Alcoholism -- Teratogenic Agent
     There is strong evidence to indicate that chronic alcoholism during pregnancy may have a teratogenic effect on the fetus. A teratogen is a substance that can cause birth defects. The likelihood and severity of defects may be affected by the level of expos...more »
    36. Coenzyme Q cytochrome c reductase deficiency of
     A rare genetic defect where an enzyme deficiency (CoQ-Cytochrome C reductase) disrupts cellular processes. Any of a variety of the components of the enzyme may be missing or defective and hence the clinical presentation and severity may vary. The deficien...more »
    37. Conn's adenoma
     An uncommon (but possible highly underdiagnosed) condition characterized by the excessive production of a hormone called aldosterone by the adrenal gland. The condition may result from the presence of an adrenal adenoma. The severity of the condition is v...more »
    38. Conn's syndrome
     An uncommon (but possible highly underdiagnosed) condition characterized by the excessive production of a hormone called aldosterone by the adrenal gland. The condition may result from the presence of an adenoma, carcinoma or enlargement of the adrenal gl...more »
    39. Conn-Louis Carcinoma
     An uncommon (but possible highly underdiagnosed) condition characterized by the excessive production of a hormone called aldosterone by the adrenal gland. The condition results from the presence of an adrenal carcinoma. The severity of the condition is va...more »
    40. Culler-Jones syndrome
     A very rare syndrome characterized mainly by hypopituitarism (low pituitary hormone level) which affects other hormone levels and an extra little finger....more »
    41. Dehydration
     Loss of fluids in the body...more »
    42. DiGeorge syndrome
     22q11.2 deletion syndrome is a genetic disorder which can result in a vast array of symptoms. Various names have been used to describe different manifestations of the syndrome. Di George Syndrome primarily involves an underdeveloped thymus and parathyroid...more »
    43. Diabetes Mellitus, Insulin-Dependent, Susceptibility to, 1
     Insulin-dependent diabetes is a condition where the body is unable to produce its own insulin in sufficient quantities to regulate blood sugar levels. Researchers have discovered a number of genes which are linked to an increased risk of developing type 1...more »
    44. Diabetes Mellitus, Insulin-Dependent, Susceptibility to, 10
     Insulin-dependent diabetes is a condition where the body is unable to produce its own insulin in sufficient quantities to regulate blood sugar levels. Researchers have discovered a number of genes which are linked to an increased risk of developing type 1...more »
    45. Diabetes Mellitus, Insulin-Dependent, Susceptibility to, 11
     Insulin-dependent diabetes is a condition where the body is unable to produce its own insulin in sufficient quantities to regulate blood sugar levels. Researchers have discovered a number of genes which are linked to an increased risk of developing type 1...more »
    46. Diabetes Mellitus, Insulin-Dependent, Susceptibility to, 12
     Insulin-dependent diabetes is a condition where the body is unable to produce its own insulin in sufficient quantities to regulate blood sugar levels. Researchers have discovered a number of genes which are linked to an increased risk of developing type 1...more »
    47. Diabetes Mellitus, Insulin-Dependent, Susceptibility to, 13
     Insulin-dependent diabetes is a condition where the body is unable to produce its own insulin in sufficient quantities to regulate blood sugar levels. Researchers have discovered a number of genes which are linked to an increased risk of developing type 1...more »
    48. Diabetes Mellitus, Insulin-Dependent, Susceptibility to, 15
     Insulin-dependent diabetes is a condition where the body is unable to produce its own insulin in sufficient quantities to regulate blood sugar levels. Researchers have discovered a number of genes which are linked to an increased risk of developing type 1...more »
    49. Diabetes Mellitus, Insulin-Dependent, Susceptibility to, 17
     Insulin-dependent diabetes is a condition where the body is unable to produce its own insulin in sufficient quantities to regulate blood sugar levels. Researchers have discovered a number of genes which are linked to an increased risk of developing type 1...more »
    50. Diabetes Mellitus, Insulin-Dependent, Susceptibility to, 18
     Insulin-dependent diabetes is a condition where the body is unable to produce its own insulin in sufficient quantities to regulate blood sugar levels. Researchers have discovered a number of genes which are linked to an increased risk of developing type 1...more »
    51. Diabetes Mellitus, Insulin-Dependent, Susceptibility to, 19
     Insulin-dependent diabetes is a condition where the body is unable to produce its own insulin in sufficient quantities to regulate blood sugar levels. Researchers have discovered a number of genes which are linked to an increased risk of developing type 1...more »
    52. Diabetes Mellitus, Insulin-Dependent, Susceptibility to, 2
     Insulin-dependent diabetes is a condition where the body is unable to produce its own insulin in sufficient quantities to regulate blood sugar levels. Researchers have discovered a number of genes which are linked to an increased risk of developing type 1...more »
    53. Diabetes Mellitus, Insulin-Dependent, Susceptibility to, 20
     Insulin-dependent diabetes is a condition where the body is unable to produce its own insulin in sufficient quantities to regulate blood sugar levels. Researchers have discovered a number of genes which are linked to an increased risk of developing type 1...more »
    54. Diabetes Mellitus, Insulin-Dependent, Susceptibility to, 21
     Insulin-dependent diabetes is a condition where the body is unable to produce its own insulin in sufficient quantities to regulate blood sugar levels. Researchers have discovered a number of genes which are linked to an increased risk of developing type 1...more »
    55. Diabetes Mellitus, Insulin-Dependent, Susceptibility to, 22
     Insulin-dependent diabetes is a condition where the body is unable to produce its own insulin in sufficient quantities to regulate blood sugar levels. Researchers have discovered a number of genes which are linked to an increased risk of developing type 1...more »
    56. Diabetes Mellitus, Insulin-Dependent, Susceptibility to, 23
     Insulin-dependent diabetes is a condition where the body is unable to produce its own insulin in sufficient quantities to regulate blood sugar levels. Researchers have discovered a number of genes which are linked to an increased risk of developing type 1...more »
    57. Diabetes Mellitus, Insulin-Dependent, Susceptibility to, 24
     Insulin-dependent diabetes is a condition where the body is unable to produce its own insulin in sufficient quantities to regulate blood sugar levels. Researchers have discovered a number of genes which are linked to an increased risk of developing type 1...more »
    58. Diabetes Mellitus, Insulin-Dependent, Susceptibility to, 3
     Insulin-dependent diabetes is a condition where the body is unable to produce its own insulin in sufficient quantities to regulate blood sugar levels. Researchers have discovered a number of genes which are linked to an increased risk of developing type 1...more »
    59. Diabetes Mellitus, Insulin-Dependent, Susceptibility to, 4
     Insulin-dependent diabetes is a condition where the body is unable to produce its own insulin in sufficient quantities to regulate blood sugar levels. Researchers have discovered a number of genes which are linked to an increased risk of developing type 1...more »
    60. Diabetes Mellitus, Insulin-Dependent, Susceptibility to, 5
     Insulin-dependent diabetes is a condition where the body is unable to produce its own insulin in sufficient quantities to regulate blood sugar levels. Researchers have discovered a number of genes which are linked to an increased risk of developing type 1...more »
    61. Diabetes Mellitus, Insulin-Dependent, Susceptibility to, 6
     Insulin-dependent diabetes is a condition where the body is unable to produce its own insulin in sufficient quantities to regulate blood sugar levels. Researchers have discovered a number of genes which are linked to an increased risk of developing type 1...more »
    62. Diabetes Mellitus, Insulin-Dependent, Susceptibility to, 7
     Insulin-dependent diabetes is a condition where the body is unable to produce its own insulin in sufficient quantities to regulate blood sugar levels. Researchers have discovered a number of genes which are linked to an increased risk of developing type 1...more »
    63. Diabetes Mellitus, Insulin-Dependent, Susceptibility to, 8
     Insulin-dependent diabetes is a condition where the body is unable to produce its own insulin in sufficient quantities to regulate blood sugar levels. Researchers have discovered a number of genes which are linked to an increased risk of developing type 1...more »
    64. Electrocution
     Any injury caused by electricity...more »
    65. Electron Transfer Flavoprotein, deficiency of
     A metabolic disorder involving an enzyme deficiency - electron transfer flavoprotein ubiquinone oxydoreductase. The severity of symptoms depends on the level of deficiency. The infant onset form is the most severe....more »
    66. Endomyocardial fibroelastosis
     A rare heart malformation involving an abnormal thickening of the part of the heart muscle called the endocardium which affects the heart's function. Death is common in infancy and during early childhood....more »
    67. Fever
     Elevation of the body temperature above the normal 37 degrees celsius...more »
    68. Fleisher syndrome
     A rare inherited condition characterized by a deficiency of growth hormones and reduced blood levels of antibodies in the blood....more »
    69. Forbes disease
     A rare inherited glycogen storage disease caused by a deficiency of the enzyme amylo-1,6-glucosidase resulting in a build up of glycogen in the liver and muscles....more »
    70. Fructose-1,6-bisphosphatase deficiency, hereditary
     A rare inherited condition where an enzyme deficiency (fructose-1,6-bisphosphatase deficiency - FDPase) impairs the body's ability to metabolize fructose from the diet....more »
    71. Fructosuria
     A rare harmless asymptomatic condition caused by a lack of the liver enzyme called fructokinase which is needed to turn fructose into glycogen....more »
    72. Galactosemia I
     A rare inherited disorder where deficiency of a particular enzyme (galactose-1-phosphate uridyl transferase) prevents the metabolism of galactose which is a sugar component of milk. Ranges from milk intolerance in mild cases to death in severe untreated c...more »
    73. Glutaric Aciduria, neonatal form of type II A
     A more serious neonatal form of glutaricaciduria where there is excessive blood and urine levels of glutaric acid and congenital anomalies may be present....more »
    74. Glutaric aciduria 2
     A metabolic disorder involving an enzyme deficiency - electron transfer flavoprotein ubiquinone oxydoreductase. The severity of symptoms depends on the level of deficiency. The infant onset form is the most severe and often results in death. Severe cases ...more »
    75. Glutaricaciduria 2B
     A milder, later-onset form of glutaricaciduria where there is excessive blood and urine levels of glutaric acid due to the body's impaired ability to metabolize protein and fat into energy....more »
    76. Glycogen Storage Disease Type I
     An inherited metabolic disorder where a deficiency of the enzyme glucose-6-phosphatase prevents glycogen being turned into glucose leading to a buildup of glycogen in the liver and kidneys. Most problems tend to develop during adulthood....more »
    77. Glycogen branching deficiency
     A rare metabolic disorder where an enzyme deficiency (glycogen branching enzyme) results in a harmful buildup of glycogen byproducts in the liver, muscle and even the heart in some cases. The severity of symptoms is variable depending on the degree of enz...more »
    78. Glycogen debranching deficiency
     A rare metabolic disorder where an enzyme deficiency (amylo-1,6-glucosidase) results in a harmful buildup of glycogen byproducts in the liver, muscle and even the heart in some cases. The severity of symptoms is variable depending on the degree of enzyme ...more »
    79. Glycogen storage disease type 1C
     A genetic metabolic disorder involving a deficiency of the enzyme glucose-6-phosphatase (due to a defect in the microsomal phosphate) which results in the accumulation of glycogen in various tissues. G6P is stored as glycogen until the body needs to conve...more »
    80. Glycogen storage disease type 1D
     A genetic metabolic disorder involving a deficiency of the enzyme glucose-6-phosphatase (due to a defect in the microsomal glucose transporter) which results in the accumulation of glycogen in various tissues. G6P is stored as glycogen until the body need...more »
    81. Glycogen storage disease type 6
     A rare, generally mild form of inherited glycogen storage disease where a deficiency of phosphorylase b kinase leads to hypoglycemia and accumulation of glycogen in the liver....more »
    82. Glycogen storage disease type 6A, due to phosphorylase kinase deficiency
     A rare, generally mild form of inherited glycogen storage disease where a deficiency of phosphorylase kinase leads to hypoglycemia and accumulation of glycogen in the liver. Phosphorylase kinase deficiency can cause glycogen storage disease type VIa and/o...more »
    83. Glycogen storage diseases
     A condition which is characterized by a defect in the ability of the body to store glycogen...more »
    84. HADH deficiency
     A rare inherited form of biochemical disorder characterized by the deficiency of a particular enzyme (3-Hydroxyacyl-CoA Dehydrogenase). The enzyme deficiency only affects certain body tissues, in particular the skeletal muscles. The lack of enzyme activit...more »
    85. HMG-CoA lyase deficiency
     A rare inherited metabolic disorder where deficiency of a particular enzyme impairs the processing of amino acids in food to create energy and causes various symptoms. Stresses on the body such as infection, fasting and heavy exercise can trigger an episo...more »
    86. Hepatorenal tyrosinemia
     A rare genetic metabolic disorder characterized by a deficiency of particular enzymes which prevents the breakdown of tyrosine which then builds up in the liver. Type 1 involves a deficiency of the enzyme fumaril acetoacetate hydrolase....more »
    87. Herbal Agent adverse reaction -- Clove
     Clove can be used as a herbal agent that can be used topically for tooth pain or as a local anesthetic in dentistry. The herbal agent can cause an adverse reaction or even anaphylaxis in some people....more »
    88. Herbal Agent adverse reaction -- Ginseng
     Ginseng can be used as a herbal agent, usually in the form of a tea, to help combat stress. Some people may develop an adverse reaction to Ginseng....more »
    89. Herbal Agent adverse reaction -- Senna
     Senna can be used to treat constipation or to prepare the colon for a rectal examination. The herbal agent can cause an adverse reaction in some people....more »
    90. Herbal Agent overdose -- Ginseng
     Ginseng can be used as a herbal agent, usually in the form of a tea, to help combat stress. Excessive doses of ginseng can cause overdose symptoms - 3 to 15 g per day for a number of years can cause overdose symptoms....more »
    91. Hereditary carnitine deficiency
     An inherited deficiency of carnitine resulting primarily in muscle problems. Severe symptoms can be triggered by periods of illness or fasting....more »
    92. Hereditary carnitine deficiency syndrome
     An inherited deficiency of carnitine resulting primarily in muscle weakness. The carnitine deficiency may be due to excessive loss of insufficient production....more »
    93. Hereditary carnitine deficiency syndrome, systemic
     An inherited deficiency of carnitine in tissues other than the muscles resulting primarily in muscle weakness....more »
    94. Histidinuria, renal tubular defect
     A very rare syndrome where a kidney defect causes high levels of histidine in the urine....more »
    95. Hyperinsulinemic hypoglycemia, familial, 2
     A disorder where too much insulin causes low blood sugar in infants. Prompt treatment is needed to avoid the brain being damaged by repeated periods of low blood sugar. The various types of familial hyperinsulinemic hypoglycemia are distinguished by their...more »
    96. Hyperinsulinemic hypoglycemia, familial, 3
     A disorder where too much insulin causes low blood sugar in infants. Prompt treatment is needed to avoid the brain being damaged by repeated periods of low blood sugar. The various types of familial hyperinsulinemic hypoglycemia are distinguished by their...more »
    97. Hyperinsulinemic hypoglycemia, familial, 4
     A disorder where too much insulin causes low blood sugar in infants. Prompt treatment is needed to avoid the brain being damaged by repeated periods of low blood sugar. The various types of familial hyperinsulinemic hypoglycemia are distinguished by their...more »
    98. Hyperinsulinemic hypoglycemia, familial, 5
     A disorder where too much insulin causes low blood sugar in infants. Prompt treatment is needed to avoid the brain being damaged by repeated periods of low blood sugar. The various types of familial hyperinsulinemic hypoglycemia are distinguished by their...more »
    99. Hyperinsulinemic hypoglycemia, familial, 6
     A disorder where too much insulin causes low blood sugar in infants. Prompt treatment is needed to avoid the brain being damaged by repeated periods of low blood sugar. The various types of familial hyperinsulinemic hypoglycemia are distinguished by their...more »
    100. Hyperinsulinemic hypoglycemia, familial, 7
     A disorder where too much insulin causes low blood sugar in infants. Prompt treatment is needed to avoid the brain being damaged by repeated periods of low blood sugar. The various types of familial hyperinsulinemic hypoglycemia are distinguished by their...more »
    101. Hyperinsulinism due to glucokinase deficiency
     An inherited condition characterized by high insulin levels due to deficiency of glucokinase. The lack of glucokinase prevents the pancreas from detecting low blood sugar so insulin continues to be secreted which keeps the blood sugar level low. Severe sy...more »
    102. Hyperinsulinism due to glutamodehydrogenase deficiency
     An inherited condition characterized by high insulin and ammonia levels in the blood due to an enzyme deficiency (glutamate dehydrogenase). Episodes of low blood sugar can be triggered by fasting for too long or eating a protein meal. Severe symptoms such...more »
    103. Hyperinsulinism in children, congenital
     A rare inherited condition characterized by high insulin levels which cause low blood sugar. Severe symptoms such as seizures and coma can result if sugar levels drop too low....more »
    104. Hyperphosphataemia
    105. Hyperthyroidism -- Teratogenic Agent
     There is strong evidence to indicate that the development of hyperthyroidism during pregnancy may have a teratogenic effect on the fetus. A teratogen is a substance that can cause birth defects. The likelihood and severity of defects may be affected by th...more »
    106. Hyperventilation
     Excessively rapid breathing causing blood gas imbalances...more »
    107. Hypocalcemia
     Low levels of calcium in the blood...more »
    108. Hypokalemia
     Low levels of potassium in the body....more »
    109. Hypoketonemic hypoglycemia
     A rare condition usually caused by fatty oxidation defects and involves low blood sugar and low blood ketone level....more »
    110. Hypomagnesemia caused by selective magnesium malabsorption
     A rare genetic disorder which causes low blood magnesium and results in low calcium levels also. Death can occur if left untreated. The condition is believed to results from abnormal intestinal absorption of magnesium rather than the excessive secretion o...more »
    111. Hypoparathyroidism familial isolated
     A rare familial condition involving low levels of parathyroid hormone which upsets the body's ability to regulate calcium and phosphate. The severity of symptoms is determined by the how low the parathyroid hormone level is....more »
    112. Hypoparathyroidism, autoimmune
     A rare autoimmune condition characterized by the inflammation of the parathyroid glands and resulting in a deficiency of parathyroid hormones (parathormone). Parathormone helps controls calcium and phosphorus levels in the body. Symptoms become progressiv...more »
    113. Inborn urea cycle disorder
     A genetic disorder involving a deficiency of one of the enzymes needed in the urea cycle. The urea cycle is the process of removing ammonia from blood stream by converting it to urea and excreting it via urine. A build-up of ammonia in the blood is toxic ...more »
    114. Insulin-resistance type B
     A very rare syndrome where insulin resistance is associated with autoimmune disease. The disorder is caused by antibodies which attack the bodies insulin receptors....more »
    115. Insulinoma
     A rare form of pancreatic cancer that causes excessive secretion of the hormone insulin. A relatively small number of cases are malignant....more »
    116. Jacobsen syndrome
     A very rare chromosomal disorder involving the absence of a portion of chromosome 11q. The range and severity of symptoms is determined by the size of the portion that is deleted....more »
    117. Kidney conditions
     Any condition affecting the kidney organs....more »
    118. Kidney failure
     Total failure of the kidneys to filter waste...more »
    119. L-3-alpha-hydroxyacyl-CoA dehydrogenase, short chain, deficiency
     A rare inherited form of biochemical disorder characterized by the deficiency of a particular enzyme (3-Hydroxyacyl-CoA Dehydrogenase). The enzyme deficiency only affects certain body tissues, in particular the skeletal muscles. The lack of enzyme activit...more »
    120. LADHSC deficiency
     A rare inherited form of biochemical disorder characterized by the deficiency of a particular enzyme (3-Hydroxyacyl-CoA Dehydrogenase). The enzyme deficiency only affects certain body tissues, in particular the skeletal muscles. The lack of enzyme activit...more »
    121. Leucinosis
     A term used to describe high levels of leucine in the body. It is associated with a metabolic disorder called maple syrup urine disease where there is a deficiency of an enzyme needed to break down leucine so it builds up within the body....more »
    122. Liver cancer
     Hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) is a primary malignancy of the liver....more »
    123. Liver conditions
     Any condition that affects the liver...more »
    124. Liver failure
     Acute liver failure (ALF) is an uncommon condition in which the rapid deterioration of liver function results in coagulopathy and alteration in the mental status of a previously healthy individual....more »
    125. Long-chain 3-hydroxyacyl-coenzyme A dehydrogenase deficiency
     A rare inherited genetic condition where the body is unable to convert certain fats to energy i.e. there is not enough of a certain enzyme (3-hydroxyacyl-coenzyme A dehydrogenase) which is needed to metabolize a type of fat called long-chain fatty acids. ...more »
    126. M/SCHAD deficiency
     A rare inherited form of biochemical disorder characterized by the deficiency of a particular enzyme (3-Hydroxyacyl-CoA Dehydrogenase). The enzyme deficiency only affects certain body tissues, in particular the skeletal muscles. The lack of enzyme activit...more »
    127. MGA 4
     MGA (methylglutaconic aciduria) is a rare genetic disorder where the body's cells are unable to make sufficient energy resulting in an accumulation in the body of 3-methylglutaconic acid. Type 4 is characterized by symptoms which overlap type 1 and 3....more »
    128. Magnesium deficiency
     A deficiency in the magnesium stores of the body...more »
    129. Malonic aciduria
     A very rare genetic disorder where a deficiency of a particular enzyme (malonyl-CoA decarboxylase) impairs the body's ability to convert fatty acids into energy that can be used by muscles such as the heart muscle. Fatty acids also accumulate in the body ...more »
    130. Marasmus
     A form of malnutrition caused by a severe deficiency of both protein and calories...more »
    131. Medium and long chan 3-hydroxyacyl-coenzyme A dehydrogenase deficiency
     A metabolic disorder characterized by the deficiency of an enzyme (3-hydroxyacyl-coenzyme A dehydrogenase) which is needed to metabolise long and medum-chain fatty acids. The severity of symptoms may vary depending on the degree of the deficiency....more »
    132. Medium and short chain 3-hydroxyacyl-CoA dehydrogenase deficiency
     A rare inherited form of biochemical disorder characterized by the deficiency of a particular enzyme (3-Hydroxyacyl-CoA Dehydrogenase). The enzyme deficiency only affects certain body tissues, in particular the skeletal muscles. The lack of enzyme activit...more »
    133. Medium-Chain Acyl-CoA Dehydrogenase Deficiency
     A rare disorder where the body lacks enzymes needed to convert some fats (medium-chain fatty acids) into energy and hence these fats build up in the body and cause damage....more »
    134. Methylmalonic acidemia
    135. Mitochondrial trifunctional protein deficiency
     A rare genetic condition where the body is unable to convert certain fats to energy. More specifically, there is insufficient levels of a particular enzyme needed to metabolize a type of fat called long-chain fatty acids....more »
    136. Myxedema
     Skin and tissue disorder usually due to hypothyroidism...more »
    137. Nephroblastomatosis -- fetal ascites -- macrosomia -- wilms tumor
     A rare condition characterized by kidney abnormalities, macroxomia, endocrine pancreas abnormalities, large fetus and mental retardation....more »
    138. Nephroblastomatosis, fetal ascites, macrosomia and Wilms tumor
     A rare condition characterized by kidney abnormalities, macroxomia, endocrine pancreas abnormalities, large fetus and mental retardation....more »
    139. Nesidioblastosis of pancreas
     A rare genetic disorder where abnormal islets of Langerhans cells in the pancreas produce excess insulin which causes very low blood sugar levels. Untreated low blood sugar can cause permanent brain damage....more »
    140. Organic acidemia
     High blood levels of organic acids which is caused by abnormal protein metabolism. Maple syrup urine disease and propionic academia are examples of organic acidemias. Deficiency of certain metabolic enzymes one of the main causes of organic academia....more »
    141. Oriental Hornet poisoning
     The Oriental hornet can deliver a venomous sting which can result in serious and even life-threatening symptoms. Allergies to the venom are also a possible life-threatening consequence. Multiple stings increase the severity of symptoms....more »
    142. Oxalosis
     A rare inherited metabolic disorder where excess oxalic acid forms crystals which make up urinary stones. In type I primary hyperoxaluria there is a deficiency of peroxisomal alanine-glyoxalate aminotransferase and type II involves a deficiency of the enz...more »
    143. Oxalosis, Type II
     A rare inherited metabolic disorder where excess oxalic acid forms crystals which make up urinary stones. In type I primary hyperoxaluria there is a deficiency of the enzyme glyoxylate reductase/hydroxypyruvate reductase....more »
    144. Oxalosis, type I
     A rare inherited metabolic disorder where excess oxalic acid forms crystals which make up urinary stones. In type I primary hyperoxaluria there is a deficiency of alanine-glyoxalate aminotransferase....more »
    145. PEPCK 1 deficiency
     A rare inherited disorder where deficiency of an enzyme (phosphoenolpyruvate carboxykinase-1) prevents fats and proteins being turned into glucose which causes various problems. In type 1, the enzyme deficiency occurs in the liquid part of the cells....more »
    146. PEPCK 2 deficiency
     A rare inherited disorder where deficiency of an enzyme (phosphoenolpyruvate carboxykinase-2) prevents fats and proteins being turned into glucose which causes various problems. In type 2 the deficiency occurs in the mitochondrial part of the cell which i...more »
    147. Pancreatic adenoma
     A pancreatic tumor which may be benign or malignant. Symptoms may vary depending on the location and size of the tumor as well as whether the tumor secretes hormones or not. For example, the tumor may block the biliary duct....more »
    148. Pancreatic islet cell tumors (functioning tumor)
     A tumor that arises from the pancreatic islet cells and produces too many hormones....more »
    149. Phosphoenolpyruvate carboxykinase (PEPCK) deficiency
     A rare inherited disorder where deficiency of an enzyme (phosphoenolpyruvate carboxykinase-1) prevents fats and proteins being turned into glucose which causes various problems. In type 1, the enzyme deficiency occurs in the liquid part of the cells and i...more »
    150. Pregnancy
     The condition of supporting a fetus from conception till birth....more »
    151. Primary Hyperaldosteronism
     A condition characterised by the excessive production and release into the circulation of aldosterone...more »
    152. Pseudohypoparathyroidism
     An inherited disorder where the body is unable to respond to the parathyroid hormone even though there are normal levels of it. Impaired bone growth is the main feature of this disorder....more »
    153. Pyridoxamine 5-prime-phosphate oxidase deficiency
     A metabolic disorder involving a deficiency of an enzyme called 5-prime-phosphate oxidase. Symptoms start soon after birth and involves seizures and other anomalies....more »
    154. Respiratory alkalosis
     An acid-base imbalance disorder involving the blood gases. It is characterized by decreased levels of carbon dioxide in the blood and is caused by an increase in the breathing rate or volume. The severity of symptoms is determined by the degree of imbalan...more »
    155. Reye's Syndrome
     A syndrome in children recovering from infection and associated with aspirin....more »
    156. SCHAD Deficiency -- formerly
     A rare inherited form of biochemical disorder characterized by the deficiency of a particular enzyme (3-Hydroxyacyl-CoA Dehydrogenase). The enzyme deficiency only affects certain body tissues, in particular the skeletal muscles. The lack of enzyme activit...more »
    157. Septicemia
     A systemic inflammatory response to an infection....more »
    158. Short Chain Acyl CoA Dehydrogenase Deficiency (SCAD)
     A rare disorder where the body lacks enzymes needed to convert some fats (short-chain fatty acids) into energy. Symptoms are exacerbated by fasting or acute illness. The severity of symptoms is variable with some patients remaining virtually asymptomatic ...more »
    159. Short stature -- pituitary and cerebellar defects -- small sella turcica
     A rare syndrome characterized mainly by short stature and brain and pituitary gland defects....more »
    160. Short-Chain Acyl-CoA Dehydrogenase Deficiency
     A rare disorder where the body lacks enzymes needed to convert some fats (short-chain fatty acids) into energy....more »
    161. Tetanus
     A disease caused by chemicals which are produced by a bacterium (clostridium tetani) and are toxic to the nerves. The infection usually occurs when the bacteria enter the body through a deep wound - these bacteria are anaerobic and hence don't need oxygen...more »
    162. The Primary Hyperoxalurias
     An excess of oxalates in the urine...more »
    163. Timme syndrome
     A syndrome involving insufficiency of the thymus, adrenal and pituitary glands. The disorder has involves three phases, each of which has varying symptoms: phase 1 is before puberty, phase 2 occurs after puberty and phase 3 tends to occur in the third dec...more »
    164. Type I Glycogen Storage Disease
     A condition which is characterized by a disease affecting glycogen storage...more »
    165. Type III Glycogen Storage Disease
     A condition which is characterized by a disease affecting glycogen storage...more »
    166. Tyrosinemia
     A rare genetic metabolic disorder characterized by a deficiency of particular enzymes which prevents the breakdown of tyrosine which then builds up in the liver....more »
    167. Uremic encephalopathy
     Uremic encephalopathy is a consequence of renal failure and occurs due to build up of toxins which are normally cleared by the kidneys....more »
    168. Vitamin D deficiency
     Deficiency of vitamin D...more »
    169. Von Gierke Disease
     An inherited metabolic disorder where a deficiency of the enzyme glucose-6-phosphatase prevents glycogen being turned into glucose leading to a buildup of glycogen in the liver and kidneys....more »
    170. Von Gierke disease IA
     A genetic metabolic disorder involving a deficiency of the enzyme glucose-6-phosphatase which results in the accumulation of glycogen in various tissues. G6P is stored as glycogen until the body needs to convert it to a sugar and use it to create energy. ...more »
    171. Von Gierke disease IB
     A metabolic disorder involving a deficiency of glucose-6-phosphatase (due to a G6P transporter defect) which results in the accumulation of glycogen in various tissues and a reduced blood sugar level. The condition is characterized primarily by an increas...more »
    172. WDHA syndrome
     A syndrome characterized by watery diarrhea, hypokalemia and achlorhydria....more »
    173. Woodhouse Sakati syndrome
     A condition which consists of numerous symptoms such as diabetes, hypogonadism, deafness and mental retardation...more »

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