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Symptom Checker » Gastroparesis » Swallowing difficulty
 

Gastroparesis and Swallowing difficulty
Symptom Checker

Results: Causes of Gastroparesis AND Swallowing difficulty

Results: 697 causes of Gastroparesis OR Swallowing difficulty

    1. Aberrant subclavian artery abnormality
     A rare defect where one the subclavian artery arises from an abnormal location on the aortic arch. The defect may cause compression of organs such as the airway and the voice box....more »
    2. Abnormalities, Radiation-Induced
     Conditions arising from the use of radiation therapy to treat various cancers. Radiation therapy can result in minor abnormalities such as dry, flaky skin or serious abnormalities such as cancer....more »
    3. Abruzzo Erickson syndrome
     A genetic disorder characterized by a combination of features including cleft palate, coloboma and deafness....more »
    4. Absent patellae -- scrotal hypoplasia -- renal anomalies -- facial dysmorphism -- mental retardation
     A rare syndrome characterized by absent kneecaps, underdeveloped scrotum, kidney anomalies, unusual facial appearance and mental retardation....more »
    5. Achalasia
     A rare motor disorder of the esophagus characterized by inability of the lower esophageal sphincter and esophageal muscle to relax as well as dilation of the esophagus....more »
    6. Achalasia -- adrenal -- alacrima syndrome
     A familial disorder characterized by adrenal gland-related hormonal problems, swallowing difficulty (achalasia) and a lack of tears (alacrima). Neurological impairment and motor and sensory neuropathy is progressive. The adrenal glands in patients are res...more »
    7. Achalasia -- alacrimia syndrome
     A rare disorder characterized by the association of achalasia (lack of peristaltic motion) and alacrimia (absent tears)....more »
    8. Achalasia, familial esophageal
     A rare familial disorder where the esophagus lacks the normal peristaltic motions that help food move through the digestive system....more »
    9. Achalasia, primary
     A rare motor disorder of the esophagus characterized by inability of the lower esophageal sphincter and esophageal muscle to relax as well as dilation of the esophagus. The disorder is not associated with any other disease or disorder....more »
    10. Achrestic anemia
     Achrestic anemia is a form of anemia similar to that caused by Vitamin B12 deficiency but it doesn't respond to treatment with Vitamin B12. The condition tends to progress slowly and can result in death if not treated. There are a variety of possible caus...more »
    11. Achromatopsia
     Patients who have achromatopsia (sometimes called achromatopia) do not have normal "cone vision.". Although the term may refer to acquired disorders such as color agnosia and cerebral achromatopsia, it typically refers to an autosomal recessive congenital...more »
    12. Acid reflux / heartburn
    13. Acoustic neuroma
     A benign tumor of the 8th cranial nerve which lies in the tube connecting the inner ear to the brain....more »
    14. Acquired agranulocytosis
     A blood disorder characterized by low levels of white blood cells (granular leukocytes) in the circulating blood. The condition is usually caused by certain drugs especially chemotherapy drugs....more »
    15. Acute pharyngitis
     A condition which is characterized by an acute inflammatory reaction of the pharynx...more »
    16. Adducted thumb syndrome recessive form
     A rare recessively inherited disorder characterized mainly by a small head, arthrogryposis (joint contractures), cleft palate and various other abnormalities....more »
    17. Adducted thumbs -- arthrogryposis, Christian type
     A rare recessively inherited disorder characterized mainly by a small head, arthrogryposis (joint contractures), cleft palate and various other abnormalities....more »
    18. Adenocarcinoma, Follicular
     A type of cancer of the thyroid gland....more »
    19. Adenoid cystic carcinoma
     Salivary gland type malignant neoplasm arising from bronchial seromucinous glands. Composed of epithelial and myoepithelial cells in cribriform, tubular and solid growth patterns....more »
    20. Adenoiditis
     Infection of the adenoids in the nasal-throat region...more »
    21. Adrenoleukodystrophy
     A rare disorder which has characteristic symptoms of Addison disease (adrenocortical insufficiency) and Schilder disease (cerebral sclerosis). Bronze skin, brain sclerosis and demyelination are the main symptoms....more »
    22. Adult SMA
     Form of Spinal Muscular Atrophy in adults....more »
    23. Aglossia
     A rare birth defect where the tongue is missing or underdeveloped. Often other anomalies are also present e.g. missing parts of hands and feet, small jaw and oral webbing....more »
    24. Airway Obstruction
     A blockage in the breathing tubes. The blockage can occur for many different reasons such as tumors, severe allergic reaction, bacterial infections, foreign bodies or trauma. The degree of obstruction will determine how seriously breathing is impaired....more »
    25. Aksu von Stockhausen syndrome
     A rare condition observed in a Turkish family and characterized by various head and neck malformations that have resulted from abnormal development of the branchial arches....more »
    26. Alendronate -- Teratogenic Agent
     Experimental studies on rats and rabbits indicate that the use of Alendronate during pregnancy may cause various harmful effects on the fetus. The likelihood and severity of symptoms may be affected by the level of exposure and the stage of pregnancy that...more »
    27. Alexander Syndrome
     Brain myelin disorder causing mental degeneration....more »
    28. Alzheimer disease 10
     An inherited form of Alzheimer's. Type 10 is caused by a genetic defect on chromosome 10p13....more »
    29. Alzheimer disease 12
     An inherited form of Alzheimer's. Type 12 is caused by a genetic defect on chromosome 8p12-q22....more »
    30. Alzheimer disease 13
     An inherited form of Alzheimer's disease that is linked to a defect on chromosome 1q21. Alzheimer's disease is a progressive disorder involving degeneration of the brain. The disease mainly affects brain functions involving thinking, memory, personality a...more »
    31. Alzheimer disease 14
     An inherited form of Alzheimer's disease that is linked to a defect on chromosome 1q25. Alzheimer's disease is a progressive disorder involving degeneration of the brain. The disease mainly affects brain functions involving thinking, memory, personality a...more »
    32. Alzheimer disease 15
     An inherited form of Alzheimer's disease that is linked to a defect on chromosome 3q22-q24. Alzheimer's disease is a progressive disorder involving degeneration of the brain. The disease mainly affects brain functions involving thinking, memory, personali...more »
    33. Alzheimer disease 16
     Alzheimer disease 16 (late-onset) is a form of Alzheimer's disease that is linked to a defect on chromosome Xq21.3. Alzheimer's disease is a progressive disorder involving degeneration of the brain. The disease mainly affects brain functions involving thi...more »
    34. Alzheimer disease 2, late-onset
     Alzheimer disease 2 (late-onset) is a form of Alzheimer's disease that is linked to a defect on chromosome 19q13.2. Alzheimer's disease is a progressive disorder involving degeneration of the brain. The disease mainly affects brain functions involving thi...more »
    35. Alzheimer disease 3, (early-onset Alzheimer disease)
     Alzheimer disease 3 is an early-onset form of Alzheimer's disease that is linked to a defect on chromosome 14q24.3. Alzheimer's disease is a progressive disorder involving degeneration of the brain. The disease mainly affects brain functions involving thi...more »
    36. Alzheimer disease 5
     An inherited form of Alzheimer's. Type 5 has a late onset and is caused by a genetic defect on chromosome 12p11....more »
    37. Alzheimer disease 6
     A genetic form of Alzheimer's. Type 6 has a late onset and is caused by a genetic defect on chromosome 10q24....more »
    38. Alzheimer disease 7
     An inherited form of Alzheimer's. Type 7 is caused by a genetic defect on chromosome 10p13....more »
    39. Alzheimer disease 8
     An inherited form of Alzheimer's. Type 8 is caused by a genetic defect on chromosome 20p....more »
    40. Alzheimer disease 9
     A genetic form of Alzheimer's. Type 9 has a late onset and is caused by a genetic defect on chromosome 19p13.2....more »
    41. Alzheimer disease, early-onset, with cerebral amyloid angiopathy
     An early-onset form of Alzheimer's disease that is linked to a defect on chromosome 21q21. Alzheimer's disease is a progressive disorder involving degeneration of the brain. The disease mainly affects brain functions involving thinking, memory, personalit...more »
    42. Alzheimer disease, familial, 1
     An inherited form of Alzheimer's disease that is linked to a defect on chromosome 21q. Alzheimer's disease is a progressive disorder involving degeneration of the brain. The disease mainly affects brain functions involving thinking, memory, personality an...more »
    43. Alzheimer disease, familial, 11
     An inherited form of Alzheimer's disease that is linked to a defect on chromosome 9p22.1. Alzheimer's disease is a progressive disorder involving degeneration of the brain. The disease mainly affects brain functions involving thinking, memory, personality...more »
    44. Alzheimer disease, familial, 3, with spastic paraparesis and apraxia
     This form of Alzheimer's is an early-onset form of Alzheimer's that is linked to a defect on chromosome 14q24.3. It is characterized by features which are atypical for Alzheimer's - spastic paraparesis which occurs before the dementia symptoms and apraxia...more »
    45. Alzheimer disease, familial, 3, with spastic paraparesis and unusual plaques
     This form of Alzheimer's is an early-onset form of Alzheimer's that is linked to a defect on chromosome 14q24.3. It is characterized by features which are atypical for Alzheimer's - spastic paraparesis which occurs before the dementia symptoms and unusual...more »
    46. Alzheimer disease, familial, 4
     An inherited form of Alzheimer's disease that is linked to a defect on chromosome 1q31-q42. Alzheimer's disease is a progressive disorder involving degeneration of the brain. The disease mainly affects brain functions involving thinking, memory, personali...more »
    47. Alzheimer's Disease
     Dementia-causing brain disease mostly in seniors and the elderly....more »
    48. Amyloidosis, inflammatory
     Amyloidosis is a rare group of metabolic disorders where a protein called amyloid accumulates in body organs and tissues where it can cause damage and is potentially fatal. Symptoms depend on the organs involved. Secondary amyloidosis is caused by a chron...more »
    49. Amyotrophic lateral sclerosis
     A motor neuron disease involving progressive degeneration and eventual destruction of the function of nerves that control voluntary movement....more »
    50. Amyotrophic lateral sclerosis 2, juvenile
     An inherited disorder involving progressive degeneration of motor neurons which results in muscle weakness and wasting. Type 2 is caused by a defect on chromosome 2q33....more »
    51. Amyotrophic lateral sclerosis 3
     An inherited disorder involving progressive degeneration of motor neurons which results in muscle weakness and wasting. Type 3 is caused by a defect on chromosome 18q21....more »
    52. Amyotrophic lateral sclerosis 6
     An inherited disorder involving progressive degeneration of motor neurons which results in muscle weakness and wasting. Type 6 is caused by a defect on chromosome 16q12....more »
    53. Amyotrophic lateral sclerosis 7
     An inherited disorder involving progressive degeneration of motor neurons which results in muscle weakness and wasting. Type 7 is caused by a defect on chromosome 20p13....more »
    54. Amyotrophic lateral sclerosis 8
     An inherited disorder involving progressive degeneration of motor neurons which results in muscle weakness and wasting. Type 9 is caused by a defect on chromosome 20q13.3 and is a dominantly inherited, late-onset form....more »
    55. Amyotrophic lateral sclerosis type 1
    56. Amyotrophic lateral sclerosis, familial
    57. Amyotrophic lateral sclerosis, familial type 1
     A generally fatal, inherited progressive disease where destruction of motor nerves in the spinal cord and brain stem cause progressive muscle weakness and wasting. Type 1 is characterized by adult onset and relatively fast progression of symptoms. It usua...more »
    58. Amyotrophic lateral sclerosis, familial type 2
     A generally fatal, inherited progressive disease where destruction of motor nerves in the spinal cord and brain stem cause progressive muscle weakness and wasting. Type 2 is characterized by childhood or adolescent onset of symptoms which progress very sl...more »
    59. Amyotrophic lateral sclerosis, familial type 3
     A generally fatal, inherited progressive disease where destruction of motor nerves in the spinal cord and brain stem cause progressive muscle weakness and wasting. Type 3 is characterized late adulthood onset of symptoms which progress slowly over 5 years...more »
    60. Amyotrophic lateral sclerosis, familial type 4
     A generally fatal progressive disease where destruction of motor nerves in the spinal cord and brain stem cause progressive muscle weakness and wasting. Type 4 is characterized by the onset of symptoms before the age of 25 and slow progression over the ne...more »
    61. Amyotrophic lateral sclerosis, familial type 6
     A generally fatal, inherited progressive disease where destruction of motor nerves in the spinal cord and brain stem cause progressive muscle weakness and wasting. Type 6 is characterized adult onset of symptoms with progression varying between 1 and 20 y...more »
    62. Amyotrophic lateral sclerosis, familial type 7
     A generally fatal, inherited progressive disease where destruction of motor nerves in the spinal cord and brain stem cause progressive muscle weakness and wasting. Type 7 is characterized adult onset of symptoms with progression varying between less than ...more »
    63. Amyotrophic lateral sclerosis, familial type 8
     A generally fatal, inherited progressive disease where destruction of motor nerves in the spinal cord and brain stem cause progressive muscle weakness and wasting. Type 8 is characterized by adult onset and relatively slow progression of symptoms. It occu...more »
    64. Amyotrophic lateral sclerosis, type 6
     An inherited disorder involving progressive degeneration of motor neurons which results in muscle weakness and wasting. Type 6 is caused by a defect on chromosome 16q12....more »
    65. Anemia
     Reduced ability of blood to carry oxygen from various possible causes....more »
    66. Anemia of pregnancy
     Anemia of pregnancy is anemia that occurs during pregnancy. Women's bodies have a greater demand for iron during pregnancy and if intake is not sufficient, anemia can result. Anemia in pregnant women can lead to infant problems such as premature birth, fe...more »
    67. Angelman-Like Syndrome, X-linked
     A very rare syndrome characterized mainly by mental retardation, mutism, facial anomalies, epilepsy and weak eye muscles. Males tended to have severe mental retardation whereas female carriers had mild or no mental retardation. Patients do eventually walk...more »
    68. Anorexia Nervosa
     A disorder where a distorted sense of body image leads to self-starvation to the point of death in some cases....more »
    69. Anxiety
     A feeling of apprehension, and fear without apparent stimulus that is associated sometime with somatic responses...more »
    70. Anxiety conditions
     Medical conditions related to anxiety, fear, and panic....more »
    71. Arizona Bark Scorpion poisoning
     A bite from the Arizona Bark scorpion contains chemicals toxic to the nerve system and can cause serious, life-threatening symptoms....more »
    72. Arnold-Chiari malformation type 3
     An extremely rare malformation where the base of the brain enters into the upper spinal canal. Type 3 involves the herniation of brain or brain stem tissue out of the back of the neck or head. The condition generally has a poor prognosis....more »
    73. Aromatic amino acid decarboxylase deficiency
     A rare inborn error of metabolism involving the deficiency of an enzyme (aromatic L-amino acid decarboxylase) needed to process aromatic amino acids. This results in a deficiency of neurotransmitters such as dopamine and serotonin. The condition manifests...more »
    74. Asherson syndrome
     The failure of a muscle at the top of the esophagus to relax and allow food and liquid to pass through. Liquid and even food may accidentally be inhaled and can lead to pneumonia and death in some cases....more »
    75. Ataxia Telangiectasia
     A rare inherited childhood disorder involving progressive degeneration of the nervous system....more »
    76. Athabaskan brainstem dysgenesis
     A rare neurological disorder caused by abnormal brainstem development and function....more »
    77. Athabaskan severe combined immunodeficiency
     A severe immunodeficiency disorder found in Navajo and Apache populations....more »
    78. Auriculo-condylar syndrome
     A rare syndrome characterized by variable ear and jaw abnormalities....more »
    79. Autoimmune Hemolytic Anemia
     Autoimmune hemolytic anemia is characterized by an abnormal immune system response which leads to the destruction of red blood cells and hence anemia. The severity of the condition varies depending on the underlying cause e.g. cytomegalovirus, hepatitis, ...more »
    80. Autonomic nerve disorders
     A disorder of the nervous system concerned with regulation of activity of cardiac muscle, smooth muscle, and glands, usually restricted to the sympathetic and parasympathetic systems...more »
    81. Autonomic neuropathy
     A disorder of the nervous system concerned with regulation of activity of cardiac muscle, smooth muscle, and glands, usually restricted to the sympathetic and parasympathetic systems...more »
    82. Autosomal recessive spastic paraplegia, type 11
    83. Avellis's syndrome
     Damage to a part of the brain stem (nucleus ambiguous) which affects signals being sent to the vagus nerve which controls the pharynx and larynx. Paralysis occurs on one side of the palate and vocal cord and loss of sensation in the other side of the body...more »
    84. BANF acoustic neurinoma
     A type of tumor that affects hearing and is associated with a condition called BANF (bilateral acoustic neurofibromatosis). The tumor is benign an occurs in the cells that form the myelin sheath of the vestibulocochlear nerve. The symptoms vary depending ...more »
    85. BBB syndrome, X-linked
     A rare genetic disorder characterized by defects along the midline of the body. The type and severity of symptoms can vary considerably. There are two subtypes of the disorder: type I is inherited in a X-linked manner and type II is inherited in an autoso...more »
    86. Babinski-Nageotte syndrome
     A rare disorder caused by damage to a part of the brain (medullobulbar transitional area) which causes a variety of neurological symptoms, some of which affect only one side of the body....more »
    87. Bamforth syndrome
     A rare syndrome characterized mainly by the association of an abnormal opening in the roof of the mouth and reduced thyroid functioning....more »
    88. Barrett syndrome
     Barrett's syndrome refers to cellular changes in the lower portion of the oesophagus as a result of chronic reflux. The changes in the cells of the esophagus can lead to cancer of the esophagus (adenocarcinoma)....more »
    89. Barrett's oesophagus
     Barrett's esophagus is a disorder in which the lining of the esophagus is damaged. The damage is caused by stomach acid that leaks back into the esophagus. This leakage of acid is commonly known as "heartburn" (gastroesophageal reflux)....more »
    90. Basal ganglia disease, biotin-responsive
     A neurological disease that affects the part of the brain called the basal ganglia. The disease responds well to biotin administration but relapses within a month if the biotin is stopped. If the condition is diagnosed late or there are recurring episodes...more »
    91. Basilar artery insufficiency
     It refers to a temporary set of symptoms due to decreased blood flow in the posterior circulation of the brain....more »
    92. Basilar artery insufficiency syndrome
     A range of symptoms caused by impaired blood flow through the basilar artery. The symptoms may come and go according to variation in blood flow through the basilar artery. The blood flow may be impaired by such things as thrombosis, narrowed artery and bl...more »
    93. Bergman syndrome
     A rare disorder which may be acquired or present at birth. A part of the stomach pushes above the diaphragm and compresses the chest organs which can produce various symptoms....more »
    94. Boerhaave syndrome
     A rare spontaneous rupture of the esophagus which can occur during violent vomiting or retching....more »
    95. Botulism food poisoning
     Extremely dangerous food poisoning requiring medical attention, but not always recognized because of its non-abdominal symptoms....more »
    96. Box Jellyfish poisoning
     A sting from the Box jellyfish contains a chemical which is toxic to the nerves, heart and skin. This jellyfish is mainly found in the waters of Northern Queensland in Australia. The tentacles should not be removed from the patient as it can cause further...more »
    97. Brain damage
     Damage to the brain from various causes...more »
    98. Brown snake poisoning
     The Brown snake is a poisonous Australian snake. They are considered one of the most venomous snakes in the world and their bite can result in death without prompt medical attention. The snake venom contains toxins which affect the blood and nerve systems...more »
    99. Brown-Vialetto-Van Laere syndrome
     A very rare progressive disorder characterized by nerve deafness and cranial (and sometimes spinal) nerve paralysis....more »
    100. CANOMAD syndrome
     A rare syndrome characterized by a range of abnormalities caused by immune-mediated nerve demyelination. There is usually no loss of limb function associated with the disorder. The face, throat, mouth and eye symptoms (weakness of the muscles) usually com...more »
    101. Caffeine Allergy
     A caffeine allergy is an adverse reaction by the body's immune system to caffeine or caffeine-containing products. The type and severity of symptoms can vary amongst patients....more »
    102. Cancer
     Abnormal overgrowth of body cells....more »
    103. Candida esophagitis
     Candida esophagitis is a fungal or yeast infection of the esophagus. It generally occurs secondary to a fungal infection of the mouth and primarily affects patients with poor immune system function....more »
    104. Candidiasis
     Fungal infection of moist areas such as mouth or vagina...more »
    105. Carcinoma of the vocal tract
     Cancer of the vocal cords in the larynx....more »
    106. Carcinoma, squamous cell of head and neck
     A type of cancer that occurs in the mucosal lining of parts of the head and neck e.g. esophagus, sinuses, nasal cavity, pharynx, mouth and lips. Symptoms will vary depending on the exact location of the cancer....more »
    107. Cardiospasm
     Failure of the lower oesophageal sphincter to relax, resulting in food build up in the upper oesophagus....more »
    108. Carotid Paraganglioma
     A rare, usually benign tumor found in the carotid artery in the neck. The tumor develops from glomus cells which are located along blood vessels involved in automatic body activities such as regulation of blood pressure and blood flow....more »
    109. Central sleep apnea
     Central sleep apnea is when the person repeatedly stops breathing during sleep because the brain temporarily stops sending signals to the muscles that control breathing....more »
    110. Cephalosporin-induced Immune Hemolytic Anemia
     Cephalosporin-induced immune hemolytic anemia is a condition where a use of a medication called Cephalosporin triggers the body's immune system to destroy it's own red blood cells which results in anemia....more »
    111. Cerebral hemorrhage
     Bleeding in the brain...more »
    112. Cerebrovascular Conditions
     Conditions of the brain's blood vessels including stroke....more »
    113. Chagas disease
     A parasitic infection caused by the protozoa Trypanosoma cruzi and transmitted by insect bites or blood transfusions. The disease primarily involves the heart and gastrointestinal system....more »
    114. Chemical pneumonia
     Lung inflammation from inhaled chemicals...more »
    115. Chemical poisoning -- Fluoridated toothpaste
     Fluoridated toothpaste contains fluoride and various other chemicals which can cause serious symptoms if sufficient quantities are swallowed. As little as half a tube of children's paste can cause death in a 2 year old child and a whole tube can cause dea...more »
    116. Chemical poisoning -- Glyphosate
     Glyphosate is a chemical used mainly in herbicides. Ingestion and other exposures to the chemical can cause various symptoms. The type and severity of symptoms varies depending on the amount of chemical involved and the nature of the exposure....more »
    117. Chemical poisoning -- Oil-based paint
     Oil-based paint contains various chemicals which can cause serious symptoms if sufficient quantities are swallowed or if other types of exposure occurs. These paint contain toxic hydrocarbons as well as various other heavy metals depending on the type of ...more »
    118. Chemical poisoning -- Pepper Spray
     Pepper Spray is a chemical used mainly in riot control. Ingestion and other exposures to the chemical can cause various symptoms. The type and severity of symptoms varies depending on the amount of chemical involved and the nature of the exposure....more »
    119. Chemical poisoning -- Pine Oil
     Pine Oil is a chemical used mainly as a disinfectant or cleaning agent. Ingestion and other exposures to the chemical can cause various symptoms. The type and severity of symptoms varies depending on the amount of chemical involved and the nature of the e...more »
    120. Chiari Malformation
     Protrusion of the brain down the spinal column....more »
    121. Chloramphenicol-induced Sideroblastic anemia
     Chloramphenicol-induced sideroblastic anemia is a blood disorder caused by taking a drug called chloramphenicol. The body has sufficient iron levels but is unable to utilise it properly in red blood cells. The iron becomes abnormally deposited in red bloo...more »
    122. Chlorpromazine -- Teratogenic Agent
     There is evidence to indicate that exposure to Chlorpromazine (a neuroleptic drug) during pregnancy may have a teratogenic effect on the fetus. A teratogen is a substance that can cause birth defects. The likelihood and severity of defects may be affected...more »
    123. Chordoma
     Chordomas are rare tumors that arise from embryonic notochordal remnants along the length of the neuraxis at developmentally active sites. These sites are the ends of the neuraxis and the vertebral bodies....more »
    124. Chromosome 1, 1p36 deletion syndrome
     A rare chromosomal disorder where deletion of a portion of chromosome 1 causes various abnormalities such as heart problems, mental retardation, developmental delay, facial dysmorphism and short stature. The symptoms are variable depending on the exact lo...more »
    125. Chromosome 22 Ring
     A rare chromosomal disorder where genetic material from one or both ends of chromosome 22 is missing and the two broken ends have rejoined to form a ring. The resulting type and severity of symptoms is determined by the amount and location of genetic mate...more »
    126. Chromosome 22 trisomy mosaic
     A rare chromosomal disorder where three copies of chromosome 22 are present in some of the body's cells instead of the normal two. Severity of symptoms is determined by how many cells have the extra chromosomal material....more »
    127. Chromosome 22q duplication syndrome
     A rare chromosomal disorder where the long arm of chromosome 22 is duplicated....more »
    128. Chronic anemia
     Chronic anemia refers to a low blood cell count that has occurred over a longer period of time rather than suddenly. It is associated with chronic disease processes e.g. kidney disease....more »
    129. Chronic laryngotracheitis
     It is inflammation of the mucous membrane lining the larynx, which is located in the upper part of the respiratory tract and the trachea which may cause respiratory obstruction....more »
    130. Classic childhood ALD
     Classic severe form of ALD in boys....more »
    131. Classical Hodgkin disease
     Hodgkin's disease is a type of cancer characterized by the abnormal proliferation of a type of white blood cell called lymphocyte. Hodgkin's lymphoma is classified into classical types and nodular lymphocyte predominant type. The nodular form tends to be ...more »
    132. Cobra poisoning
     The Cobra is a poisonous snake which can be found in Africa, Asia and other parts of the world. Some cobras are able to spit venom into the victims eye and cause serious symptoms....more »
    133. Cold Autoimmune Hemolytic Anemia
     Cold autoimmune hemolytic anemia is a condition where the body's immune system triggers the production of antibodies against the body's own red blood cells. The red cells are destroyed at an abnormally rapid rate which leads to anemia. Cold haemolytic ane...more »
    134. Congenital Myasthenia Gravis
     Myasthenia gravis is a chronic neuromuscular disease which usually results from autoimmune dysfunction. Congenital myasthenia gravis however results from a genetic defect. Symptoms tend to become worse during the day with activity and improve after rest o...more »
    135. Congenital bronchogenic cyst
     A rare birth condition characterized by the formation of a cyst in the middle of the chest, usually near the area where the trachea branches off. The condition may be asymptomatic but if the cyst is large enough it may cause problems by compressing nearby...more »
    136. Congenital myasthenic syndromes
     A group of genetic condition characterized by abnormal neuromuscular signals. Symptoms tend to become worse with exertion....more »
    137. Congenital spherocytic anemia
     Congenital Spherocytic anemia is an inherited blood disorder characterized by red blood cells that are shaped like a sphere (spherocytes) rather than the normal doughnut shape. These abnormal cells are broken down prematurely resulting in a shortage of re...more »
    138. Copper deficiency-induced Sideroblastic anemia
     Copper deficiency-induced sideroblastic anemia is a blood disorder caused insufficient quantities of copper. The body has sufficient iron levels but is unable to utilise it properly in red blood cells due to the lack of copper. The iron becomes abnormally...more »
    139. Coral snake poisoning
     The Coral snake is a usually brightly colored, poisonous snake found mainly in America and Africa. The toxicity amongst species is variable. They are considered a shy snake and bites are usually the result of deliberate handling. Coral snakes have to bite...more »
    140. Corticobasal Degeneration
     A rare progressive neurological disorder where parts of the brain deteriorate....more »
    141. Crohn's disease
     Crohn's disease causes inflammation of the digestive system. It is one of a group of diseases called inflammatory bowel disease. The disease can affect any area from the mouth to the anus. It often affects the lower part of the small intestine called the ...more »
    142. Crohn's disease of the esophagus
     A rare disorder where Crohn's disease occurs in the esophagus. Crohn's disease is a chronic inflammation of the walls of the digestive tract and usually occurs in the intestines....more »
    143. Cromolyn Sodium -- Teratogenic Agent
     There is evidence to indicate that exposure to Cromolyn Sodium (an asthma preventer) during pregnancy may have a teratogenic effect on the fetus. A teratogen is a substance that can cause birth defects. The likelihood and severity of defects may be affect...more »
    144. Croup
     Respiratory infection with a characteristic cough...more »
    145. Cyclic vomiting syndrome
     A rare disorder involving repeated cyclic episodes of vomiting which occur for no obvious reason....more »
    146. Cycloserine-induced Sideroblastic anemia
     Cycloserine -induced sideroblastic anemia is a blood disorder caused by taking a drug called Cycloserine. The body has sufficient iron levels but is unable to utilise it properly in red blood cells. The iron becomes abnormally deposited in red blood cells...more »
    147. Cyclosporine -- Teratogenic Agent
     There is evidence to indicate that exposure to Cyclosporine (an immunosuppressant drug) during pregnancy may have a teratogenic effect on the fetus. A teratogen is a substance that can cause birth defects. The likelihood and severity of defects may be aff...more »
    148. Cyclosporine toxicity
     The toxic reaction of the body to the substance, possibly via allergic reaction or overdose....more »
    149. Cytoplasmic body myopathy
     A rare group of muscle diseases caused by protein deposits inside the muscle cells. The severity, rate of progression and extent of muscle involvement is variable....more »
    150. Deafness, vitiligo, achalasia
     A rare disorder characterized by deafness, achalasia (difficulty swallowing) and patches of reduced pigmentation in the skin (vitiligo)....more »
    151. Decreased mean cell haemoglobin
    152. Decreased mean cell haemoglobin concentration
    153. Decreased mean cell volume
    154. Decreased salivary function
    155. Decreased salivation
    156. Dehydration
     Loss of fluids in the body...more »
    157. Demeclocycline -- Teratogenic Agent
     There is evidence to indicate that exposure to Demeclocycline (an antibiotic) during pregnancy may have a teratogenic effect on the fetus. A teratogen is a substance that can cause birth defects. The likelihood and severity of defects may be affected by t...more »
    158. Dermatomyositis
     A muscle disease characterized by chronic muscle inflammation resulting in progressive muscle weakness and a characteristic rash....more »
    159. Devil's trumpet poisoning
     The Devil's trumpet is a shrubby plant with purple stems and large white or yellow flowers. The fruit is covered by a spiny shell. The plant originated in china and is often used as an ornamental outdoor plant. The plant contains tropane alkaloids which c...more »
    160. Diabetes insipidus, diabetes mellitus, optic atrophy
     A rare association of diabetes insipidus, diabetes mellitus, optic atrophy, and deafness....more »
    161. Diabetic neuropathy
     Nerve damage from diabetes affecting any body part; most commonly feet....more »
    162. Dicyclomine -- Teratogenic Agent
     There is evidence to indicate that exposure to Dicyclomine during pregnancy may have a teratogenic effect on the fetus. A teratogen is a substance that can cause birth defects. The likelihood and severity of defects may be affected by the level of exposur...more »
    163. Diffuse idiopathic skeletal hyperostosis
     A form of degenerative arthritis characterized by calcification on the sides of the spine vertebrae as well as inflammation and calcification of tendons where they attach to bone which often results in bone spurs....more »
    164. Diffuse systemic sclerosi
     A rare condition that characterized by skin tightness affecting the trunk and extremities as well as organ involvement. It involves an early period of internal inflammation which distinguishes it from other forms of scleroderma and the organ involvement c...more »
    165. Digestive Diseases
     Diseases that affect the digestive system...more »
    166. Digestive tract cancer
    167. Dimorphic anemia
     Dimorphic refers to anemia that has two different causes acting together e.g. iron deficiency as well as a Vitamin B12 deficiency....more »
    168. Diphtheria
     Infectious bacterial respiratory disease...more »
    169. Distal myopathy with vocal cord weakness
     A very rare syndrome characterized mainly by muscle weakness in the end portion of the arms and legs as well as the vocal cord and pharynx....more »
    170. Diverticular Disease
     Protrusions of the colon wall (diverticulosis) or their inflammation (diverticulitis)...more »
    171. Dominant cleft palate
     An opening in the roof of the mouth that is inherited as a dominant trait (only one parent has to have the genetic defect for it to be passed on to offspring). The opening may be covered by skin or completely open. The size of the opening can affect the s...more »
    172. Down's Syndrome associated Alzheimer's disease
     Early-onset Alzheimer's is more prevalent in Down's Syndrome sufferers than in the general population. Alzheimer's disease is a progressive disorder involving degeneration of the brain. The disease mainly affects brain functions involving thinking, memory...more »
    173. Doxepine-induced Immune Hemolytic Anemia
     Doxepine -induced immune hemolytic anemia is a condition where use of a medication called Methyldopa triggers the body's immune system to destroy it's own red blood cells which results in anemia....more »
    174. Doxycycline -- Teratogenic Agent
     There is evidence to indicate that exposure to Doxycycline during pregnancy may have a teratogenic effect on the fetus. A teratogen is a substance that can cause birth defects. The likelihood and severity of defects may be affected by the level of exposur...more »
    175. Drug-induced Immune Hemolytic Anemia
     Drug-induced immune hemolytic anemia is a condition where a medication triggers the body's immune system to destroy its own red blood cells which results in anemia. Certain drugs are more likely to trigger this abnormal immune response than others e.g. ce...more »
    176. Drug-induced Sideroblastic anemia
     Drug-induced sideroblastic anemia is a blood disorder caused by drugs such as cycloserine, isoniazid and ethanol. The body has sufficient iron levels but is unable to utilise it properly in red blood cells. The iron becomes abnormally deposited in red blo...more »
    177. Dry mouth
     A condition characterized by the sensation of a dry mouth...more »
    178. Duodenal ulcer
     A peptic ulcer is erosion in the lining of the stomach or duodenum (the first part of the small intestine). The word "peptic" refers to pepsin, a stomach enzyme that breaks down proteins. If a peptic ulcer is located in the stomach it is called a gastric ...more »
    179. Dystonia 12
     A very rare syndrome involving the early start of symptoms of dystonia and parkinsonism. The onset of the symptoms usually occurs suddenly over weeks or even hours and then progresses slowly....more »
    180. Dystonia with cerebellar atrophy
     A recessively inherited movement disorder (dystonia) which responds poorly to Levodopa treatment and involves wasting of part of the brain....more »
    181. EGE
     A rare disorder where white blood cells (eosinophils) infiltrate the layers of the lining of the stomach and intestines and cause gastrointestinal symptoms. The degree of infiltration will determine the severity of symptoms....more »
    182. Eagle's syndrome
     A group of symptoms caused by calcification of the stylohyoid ligament and an abnormally long styloid process. The styloid process is a bone at the base of the skull which is attached to muscles and ligaments connected to the throat and tongue. If this bo...more »
    183. Early-onset Alzheimer's
     Early-onset Alzheimer's is a form of Alzheimer's disease that is linked to genetic defects or occurs in a familial pattern. It is not as common as the non-inherited form of Alzheimer's - occurs in up to 90% of Alzheimer sufferers. Alzheimer's disease is a...more »
    184. Elapid poisoning
     Sea snakes, Kraits and cobras are from the Elapid group of snakes. The toxicity of the venom varies depending on the species. The venom is usually toxic to the nerves or heart. Early symptoms such as drowsiness can occur within 30 minutes with more severe...more »
    185. Elephant's-ear poisoning
     The Elephant's ear is a common garden plant which has large, heart-shaped leaves on long stalks. The plant contains calcium oxalate and saphotoxin which can cause poisoning if eaten and irritation upon contact with skin or eyes. The toxins are quite poiso...more »
    186. Emanuel syndrome
     A rare chromosomal disorder where a portion of chromosome 11 is translocated with a portion of chromosome 22. The disorder involves a wide range of abnormalities such as kidney, genital and heart abnormalities, mental retardation, small head and failure t...more »
    187. Emotional disorders
     A disorder of emotions...more »
    188. Epidermalolysis bullosa
     A group of skin disorders characterized by fragile skin which can blister upon little or no trauma to the skin. There are a number of different subtypes with some being inherited and some acquired. The hands and feet are often the main parts of the body a...more »
    189. Epidermoid carcinoma
     A non-small-cell type of lung cancer. The cancer develops from cells that line the inside of the lungs....more »
    190. Epidermolysis bullosa
     A group of rare inherited skin diseases characterized by fragile skin which forms blisters with even minor injuries. The blisters can be painful and can occur anywhere on the skin and even inside the digestive tract....more »
    191. Epidermolysis bullosa, simplex
     A group of skin disorders characterized by fragile skin which can blister upon little or no trauma to the skin. There are a number of different subtypes with some being inherited and some acquired. The hands and feet are often the main parts of the body a...more »
    192. Epidermolytic epidermolysis bullosa
     A group of skin disorders characterized by fragile skin which can blister upon little or no trauma to the skin. There are a number of different subtypes with some being inherited and some acquired. The hands and feet are often the main parts of the body a...more »
    193. Epiglotitis
     Inflamation of the epiglottis in the throat...more »
    194. Epiglottiditis
     A condition characterized by inflammation of the epiglottis of the throat...more »
    195. Epileptic encephalopathy, early infantile, 1
     A genetic form of epilepsy which is severe and starts during infancy. This form of the condition is caused by a defect on the ARX gene....more »
    196. Esophageal Atresia and/or Tracheoesophageal Fistula
     A rare condition characterized by an underdeveloped esophagus where the esophagus is not connected to the stomach. An abnormal opening between the trachea and esophagus may or may not also be present. The two abnormalities usually occur together....more »
    197. Esophageal atresia
     A rare birth defect where the esophagus is not connected to the stomach....more »
    198. Esophageal carcinoma
     A cancer of the esophagus....more »
    199. Esophageal disorder
    200. Esophageal diverticulum
     Stretched pocket area of esophagus tissue...more »
    201. Esophageal stricture
     Narrowing of the esophagus...more »
    202. Esophagitis
     Inflammation of the esophagus...more »
    203. Esophagus Cancer
     Cancer of the esophagus in the throat....more »
    204. Esophagus diseases
     Diseases affecting the esophagus...more »
    205. Ethanol-induced Sideroblastic anemia
     Ethanol-induced sideroblastic anemia is a blood disorder caused by consuming ethanol. The body has sufficient iron levels but is unable to utilise it properly in red blood cells. The iron becomes abnormally deposited in red blood cells which make them una...more »
    206. Eucalyptus Oil poisoning
     Eucalyptus oil can be used for medicinal purposes but excessive ingestion can cause problems. Likewise, eating the leaves of the eucalyptus plant (very unlikely) can also cause poisoning symptoms....more »
    207. FOSMN syndrome
     A rare neurodegenerative disorder that starts in the face and spreads to the scalp and upper body. The condition progresses slowly....more »
    208. Facial clefting corpus callosum agenesis
     A rare syndrome characterized by the association of facial clefts with a brain defect where the structure between the two halves of the brain (corpus callosum) fails to develop. Symptoms may vary somewhat depending on how much of the corpus callosum is mi...more »
    209. Familial Forms of Alzheimer's Disease
     Alzheimer's disease is a progressive disorder involving degeneration of the brain. The disease mainly affects brain functions involving thinking, memory, personality and behaviour. Familial forms of the disease tend to run in families and are linked to mu...more »
    210. Familial Treacher Collins syndrome
     Treacher Collins syndrome is a rare inherited disorder characterized by down-slanting eye slits, malformed external ear, abnormal lower eyelid and underdeveloped cheeks. In the familial form, the condition tends to occur in a number of people within a fam...more »
    211. Fazio-Londe syndrome
     A rare inherited motor neuron disease characterized by progressive muscle weakness which ultimately leads to premature death....more »
    212. Flu
     Very common viral respiratory infection....more »
    213. Folate-deficiency anemia
     Folate-deficiency anemia is a blood condition characterized by low levels of folate in the body which leads to a reduction in the number of red blood cells. It is usually the result of a poor diet, malabsorption issues or the use of certain medications....more »
    214. Follicular dendritic cell sarcoma
     A rare form of malignant cancer involving follicular dendritic cells - it usually occurs in the lymph nodes but can also occur in other parts of the body involved with the immune system. Symptoms will vary depending on which part of the body the cancer oc...more »
    215. Food Additive Allergy -- Annatto
     Annatto allergy is an adverse reaction by the body's immune system to a yellow food coloring called annatto which is used as an additive in a number of foods and drinks The specific symptoms that can result can vary considerably amongst patients and may r...more »
    216. Food Additive Allergy -- Carmine
     A carmine allergy is an adverse reaction by the body's immune system to carmine which is used as an additive in a number of foods (red yoghurt, red popsicles, red drinks) as well as in some cosmetics The specific symptoms that can result can vary consider...more »
    217. Food Additive Allergy -- amaranth
     An amaranth allergy is an adverse reaction by the body's immune system to a red food coloring called amaranth which is used in a number of foods and drinks. The specific symptoms that can result can vary considerably amongst patients and may range from mi...more »
    218. Food Additive Allergy -- benzoate
     A benzoate allergy is an adverse reaction by the body's immune system to a food additive called benzoate which is used in a number of foods. The specific symptoms that can result can vary considerably amongst patients and may range from mild to severe....more »
    219. Food Additive Allergy -- carageenan gum
     A carageenan gum allergy is an adverse reaction by the body's immune system to a food additive called carageenan gum which is used in a number of foods. The specific symptoms that can result can vary considerably amongst patients and may range from mild t...more »
    220. Food Additive Allergy -- erythrosine
     An erythrosine allergy is an adverse reaction by the body's immune system to a red food coloring called erythrosine which is used in a number of foods and drinks. The specific symptoms that can result can vary considerably amongst patients and may range f...more »
    221. Food Additive Allergy -- guar gum
     A guar gum allergy is an adverse reaction by the body's immune system to a food additive called guar gum which is used in a number of foods. The specific symptoms that can result can vary considerably amongst patients and may range from mild to severe....more »
    222. Food Additive Allergy -- gum
     A gum allergy is an adverse reaction by the body's immune system to a food additive called gum which is used in a number of foods. The specific symptoms that can result can vary considerably amongst patients and may range from mild to severe....more »
    223. Food Additive Allergy -- gum acacia
     A gum acacia allergy is an adverse reaction by the body's immune system to a food additive called gum acacia which is used in a number of foods. The specific symptoms that can result can vary considerably amongst patients and may range from mild to severe...more »
    224. Food Additive Allergy -- gum tragacanth
     A gum tragacanth allergy is an adverse reaction by the body's immune system to a food additive called gum traganth (type of gum) which is used in a number of foods. The specific symptoms that can result can vary considerably amongst patients and may range...more »
    225. Food Additive Allergy -- lecithin
     A lecithin allergy is an adverse reaction by the body's immune system to a food additive called lecithin which is used in a number of foods. The specific symptoms that can result can vary considerably amongst patients and may range from mild to severe....more »
    226. Food Additive Allergy -- locust bean gum
     A locust bean gum allergy is an adverse reaction by the body's immune system to a food additive called locust bean gum which is used in a number of foods. The specific symptoms that can result can vary considerably amongst patients and may range from mild...more »
    227. Food Additive Allergy -- quinoline yellow
     A quinoline yellow allergy is an adverse reaction by the body's immune system to a yellow food coloring called quinoline yellow which is used in a number of foods and drinks. The specific symptoms that can result can vary considerably amongst patients and...more »
    228. Food Additive Allergy -- saffron
     A saffron allergy is an adverse reaction by the body's immune system to a yellow food coloring called saffron which is used as an additive in a number of foods and drinks. The specific symptoms that can result can vary considerably amongst patients and ma...more »
    229. Food Additive Allergy -- salicytes
     A salicylate allergy is an adverse reaction by the body's immune system to a food additive called salicylate which is used in a number of foods. Salicylates also occur naturally in a wide range of plant foods especially fruits. The specific symptoms that ...more »
    230. Food Additive Allergy -- sulphite
     A sulphite allergy is an adverse reaction by the body's immune system to a food additive called sulphite which is used in a number of foods. The specific symptoms that can result can vary considerably amongst patients and may range from mild to severe....more »
    231. Food Additive Allergy -- sulphite derivative
     A sulphite derivative allergy is an adverse reaction by the body's immune system to a food additive called sulphite derivative which is used in a number of foods. The specific symptoms that can result can vary considerably amongst patients and may range f...more »
    232. Food Additive Allergy -- sunset yellow
     A sunset yellow allergy is an adverse reaction by the body's immune system to a yellow food coloring called sunset yellow which is used in a number of foods and drinks. The specific symptoms that can result can vary considerably amongst patients and may r...more »
    233. Food Additive Allergy -- tartrazine
     A tartrazine allergy is an adverse reaction by the body's immune system to tartrazine which is used as an additive in a number of foods (some breakfast cereals, cake mixes, chocolate chips etc.) The specific symptoms that can result can vary considerably ...more »
    234. Food Additive Allergy -- xanthan gum
     A xanthan gum allergy is an adverse reaction by the body's immune system to a food additive called xanthan gum which is used in a number of foods. The specific symptoms that can result can vary considerably amongst patients and may range from mild to seve...more »
    235. Food Allergy -- Coriander
     A coriander allergy is an adverse reaction by the body's immune system to coriander or food containing coriander. This type of allergy is rare and serious reactions are very rare. The body's immune system produces immunoglobulin E (IgE - an antibody) and ...more »
    236. Food Allergy -- Linden tea
     A linden tea allergy is an adverse reaction by the body's immune system to linden tea or food containing linden tea. This type of allergy is rare and serious reactions are very rare. The body's immune system produces immunoglobulin E (IgE - an antibody) a...more »
    237. Food Allergy -- MSG
     An MSG allergy is an adverse reaction by the body's immune system to MSG or food containing MSG. The body's immune system produces immunoglobulin E (IgE - an antibody) and histamine in response to contact with the allergen. The specific symptoms that can ...more »
    238. Food Allergy -- Quorn
     A quorn allergy is an adverse reaction by the body's immune system to quorn or food containing quorn. Quorn is a type of protein made from a fungus. This type of allergy is rare and serious reactions are very rare. The body's immune system produces immuno...more »
    239. Food Allergy -- abalone
     An abalone allergy is an adverse reaction by the body's immune system to abalone or food containing abalone. The body's immune system produces immunoglobulin E (IgE - an antibody) and histamine in response to contact with the allergen. The specific sympto...more »
    240. Food Allergy -- almond
     An almond allergy is an adverse reaction by the body's immune system to almonds or food containing almonds. The body's immune system produces immunoglobulin E (IgE - an antibody) and histamine in response to contact with the allergen. The specific symptom...more »
    241. Food Allergy -- aniseed
     An aniseed allergy is an adverse reaction by the body's immune system to aniseed or food containing aniseed. This type of allergy is rare and serious reactions are very rare. The body's immune system produces immunoglobulin E (IgE - an antibody) and hista...more »
    242. Food Allergy -- apple
     An apple allergy is an adverse reaction by the body's immune system to apples or food containing apples. The body's immune system produces immunoglobulin E (IgE - an antibody) and histamine in response to contact with the allergen. The specific symptoms t...more »
    243. Food Allergy -- apricot
     An apricot allergy is an adverse reaction by the body's immune system to apricots or food containing apricots. The body's immune system produces immunoglobulin E (IgE - an antibody) and histamine in response to contact with the allergen. The specific symp...more »
    244. Food Allergy -- avocado
     An avocado allergy is an adverse reaction by the body's immune system to avocados or food containing avocados. The body's immune system produces immunoglobulin E (IgE - an antibody) and histamine in response to contact with the allergen. The specific symp...more »
    245. Food Allergy -- banana
     A banana allergy is an adverse reaction by the body's immune system to bananas or food containing bananas. This type of allergy is rare and serious reactions are very rare. The body's immune system produces immunoglobulin E (IgE - an antibody) and histami...more »
    246. Food Allergy -- barley
     A barley allergy is an adverse reaction by the body's immune system to barley or food containing barley. The body's immune system produces immunoglobulin E (IgE - an antibody) and histamine in response to contact with the allergen. The specific symptoms t...more »
    247. Food Allergy -- bean
     A bean allergy is an adverse reaction by the body's immune system to beans or food containing beans. This type of allergy is rare and serious reactions are very rare. The body's immune system produces immunoglobulin E (IgE - an antibody) and histamine in ...more »
    248. Food Allergy -- beef
     A beef allergy is an adverse reaction by the body's immune system to beef. This type of allergy is rare and severe reactions are even rarer. The body's immune system produces immunoglobulin E (IgE - an antibody) and histamine in response to contact with t...more »
    249. Food Allergy -- beer
     A beer allergy is an adverse reaction by the body's immune system to beer or food containing beer. This type of allergy is rare and serious reactions are very rare. The body's immune system produces immunoglobulin E (IgE - an antibody) and histamine in re...more »
    250. Food Allergy -- bell pepper
     A bell pepper allergy is an adverse reaction by the body's immune system to bell peppers or food containing bell pepper. The body's immune system produces immunoglobulin E (IgE - an antibody) and histamine in response to contact with the allergen. The spe...more »
    251. Food Allergy -- brazil nut
     A brazil nut allergy is an adverse reaction by the body's immune system to brazil nuts or food containing brazil nuts. The body's immune system produces immunoglobulin E (IgE - an antibody) and histamine in response to contact with the allergen. The speci...more »
    252. Food Allergy -- buckwheat
     A buckwheat allergy is an adverse reaction by the body's immune system to buckwheat. This type of allergy is rare and severe reactions are even rarer. The body's immune system produces immunoglobulin E (IgE - an antibody) and histamine in response to cont...more »
    253. Food Allergy -- cabbage
     A cabbage allergy is an adverse reaction by the body's immune system to cabbage or food containing cabbage. This type of allergy is rare and serious reactions are very rare. The body's immune system produces immunoglobulin E (IgE - an antibody) and histam...more »
    254. Food Allergy -- carp
     A carp (type of fish) allergy is an adverse reaction by the body's immune system to carp or food containing carp. The body's immune system produces immunoglobulin E (IgE - an antibody) and histamine in response to contact with the allergen. The specific s...more »
    255. Food Allergy -- carrot
     A carrot allergy is an adverse reaction by the body's immune system to carrots or food containing carrots. The body's immune system produces immunoglobulin E (IgE - an antibody) and histamine in response to contact with the allergen. The specific symptoms...more »
    256. Food Allergy -- cashew
     A cashew allergy is an adverse reaction by the body's immune system to cashews or food containing cashews. The body's immune system produces immunoglobulin E (IgE - an antibody) and histamine in response to contact with the allergen. The specific symptoms...more »
    257. Food Allergy -- castor bean
     A castor bean allergy is an adverse reaction by the body's immune system to castor beans or food containing castor beans. The body's immune system produces immunoglobulin E (IgE - an antibody) and histamine in response to contact with the allergen. The sp...more »
    258. Food Allergy -- celery
     A celery allergy is an adverse reaction by the body's immune system to celery or food containing celery. The body's immune system produces immunoglobulin E (IgE - an antibody) and histamine in response to contact with the allergen. The specific symptoms t...more »
    259. Food Allergy -- chamomile tea
     A chamomile tea allergy is an adverse reaction by the body's immune system to chamomile tea or food containing chamomile. This type of allergy is rare and serious reactions are very rare. The specific symptoms that can result can vary considerably amongst...more »
    260. Food Allergy -- cherry
     A cherry allergy is an adverse reaction by the body's immune system to cherries or food containing cherries. The body's immune system produces immunoglobulin E (IgE - an antibody) and histamine in response to contact with the allergen. The specific sympto...more »
    261. Food Allergy -- chestnut
     A chestnut allergy is an adverse reaction by the body's immune system to chestnuts or food containing chestnuts. The body's immune system produces immunoglobulin E (IgE - an antibody) and histamine in response to contact with the allergen. The specific sy...more »
    262. Food Allergy -- chick pea
     A chick pea allergy is an adverse reaction by the body's immune system to chick peas or food containing chick peas. This type of allergy is rare and serious reactions are very rare. The body's immune system produces immunoglobulin E (IgE - an antibody) an...more »
    263. Food Allergy -- chicken meat
     A chicken meat allergy is an adverse reaction by the body's immune system to chicken meat. This type of allergy is rare and severe reactions are even rarer. The body's immune system produces immunoglobulin E (IgE - an antibody) and histamine in response t...more »
    264. Food Allergy -- cinnamon
     A cinnamon allergy is an adverse reaction by the body's immune system to cinnamon or food containing cinnamon. This type of allergy is rare and serious reactions are very rare. The body's immune system produces immunoglobulin E (IgE - an antibody) and his...more »
    265. Food Allergy -- coconut
     A coconut allergy is an adverse reaction by the body's immune system to coconuts or food containing coconut. This type of allergy is rare and serious reactions are very rare. The body's immune system produces immunoglobulin E (IgE - an antibody) and hista...more »
    266. Food Allergy -- codfish
     A codfish allergy is an adverse reaction by the body's immune system to codfish or food containing codfish. The body's immune system produces immunoglobulin E (IgE - an antibody) and histamine in response to contact with the allergen. The specific symptom...more »
    267. Food Allergy -- crab
     A crab allergy is an adverse reaction by the body's immune system to crabs or food containing crab. The body's immune system produces immunoglobulin E (IgE - an antibody) and histamine in response to contact with the allergen. The specific symptoms that c...more »
    268. Food Allergy -- crayfish
     A crayfish allergy is an adverse reaction by the body's immune system to crayfish or food containing crayfish. The body's immune system produces immunoglobulin E (IgE - an antibody) and histamine in response to contact with the allergen. The specific symp...more »
    269. Food Allergy -- cumin
     A cumin allergy is an adverse reaction by the body's immune system to cumin or food containing cumin. This type of allergy is rare and serious reactions are very rare. The body's immune system produces immunoglobulin E (IgE - an antibody) and histamine in...more »
    270. Food Allergy -- date palm
     A date palm allergy is an adverse reaction by the body's immune system to date palms or food containing date palms. The body's immune system produces immunoglobulin E (IgE - an antibody) and histamine in response to contact with the allergen. The specific...more »
    271. Food Allergy -- duck meat
     A duck meat allergy is an adverse reaction by the body's immune system to duck meat. This type of allergy is rare and severe reactions are even rarer. The body's immune system produces immunoglobulin E (IgE - an antibody) and histamine in response to cont...more »
    272. Food Allergy -- fennel
     A fennel allergy is an adverse reaction by the body's immune system to fennel or food containing fennel. This type of allergy is rare and serious reactions are very rare. The body's immune system produces immunoglobulin E (IgE - an antibody) and histamine...more »
    273. Food Allergy -- fish
     A fish allergy is an adverse reaction by the body's immune system to fish or food containing fish. The body's immune system produces immunoglobulin E (IgE - an antibody) and histamine in response to contact with the allergen. The specific symptoms that ca...more »
    274. Food Allergy -- frog
     A frog allergy is an adverse reaction by the body's immune system to eating frogs or food containing frogs. This type of allergy is rare and severe reactions are even rarer. The body's immune system produces immunoglobulin E (IgE - an antibody) and histam...more »
    275. Food Allergy -- garbanzo (legume)
     A garbanzo allergy is an adverse reaction by the body's immune system to garbanzo or food containing garbanzo. This type of allergy is rare and serious reactions are very rare. The body's immune system produces immunoglobulin E (IgE - an antibody) and his...more »
    276. Food Allergy -- garlic
     A garlic allergy is an adverse reaction by the body's immune system to garlic or food containing garlic. This type of allergy is rare and serious reactions are very rare. The body's immune system produces immunoglobulin E (IgE - an antibody) and histamine...more »
    277. Food Allergy -- goose meat
     A goose meat allergy is an adverse reaction by the body's immune system to goose meat. This type of allergy is rare and severe reactions are even rarer. The body's immune system produces immunoglobulin E (IgE - an antibody) and histamine in response to co...more »
    278. Food Allergy -- hazelnut
     A hazelnut allergy is an adverse reaction by the body's immune system to hazelnuts or food containing hazelnuts. The body's immune system produces immunoglobulin E (IgE - an antibody) and histamine in response to contact with the allergen. The specific sy...more »
    279. Food Allergy -- hops
     A hop allergy is an adverse reaction by the body's immune system to hops or food containing hops. The body's immune system produces immunoglobulin E (IgE - an antibody) and histamine in response to contact with the allergen. The specific symptoms that can...more »
    280. Food Allergy -- kidney bean
     A kidney bean allergy is an adverse reaction by the body's immune system to kidney bean or food containing kidney bean. The body's immune system produces immunoglobulin E (IgE - an antibody) and histamine in response to contact with the allergen. The spec...more »
    281. Food Allergy -- kiwi fruit
     A kiwi fruit allergy is an adverse reaction by the body's immune system to kiwi fruit or food containing kiwi fruit. The body's immune system produces immunoglobulin E (IgE - an antibody) and histamine in response to contact with the allergen. The specifi...more »
    282. Food Allergy -- lamb
     A lamb allergy is an adverse reaction by the body's immune system to lamb meat. This type of allergy is rare and severe reactions are even rarer. The body's immune system produces immunoglobulin E (IgE - an antibody) and histamine in response to contact w...more »
    283. Food Allergy -- lentil
     A lentil allergy is an adverse reaction by the body's immune system to lentils or food containing lentils. The body's immune system produces immunoglobulin E (IgE - an antibody) and histamine in response to contact with the allergen. The specific symptoms...more »
    284. Food Allergy -- lettuce
     A lettuce allergy is an adverse reaction by the body's immune system to lettuce or food containing lettuce. This type of allergy is rare and serious reactions are very rare. The body's immune system produces immunoglobulin E (IgE - an antibody) and histam...more »
    285. Food Allergy -- lima bean
     A lima bean allergy is an adverse reaction by the body's immune system to lima beans or food containing lima beans. This type of allergy is rare and serious reactions are very rare. The body's immune system produces immunoglobulin E (IgE - an antibody) an...more »
    286. Food Allergy -- lobster
     A lobster allergy is an adverse reaction by the body's immune system to lobsters or food containing lobster. The body's immune system produces immunoglobulin E (IgE - an antibody) and histamine in response to contact with the allergen. The specific sympto...more »
    287. Food Allergy -- lychee
     A lychee allergy is an adverse reaction by the body's immune system to lychee or food containing lychee. The body's immune system produces immunoglobulin E (IgE - an antibody) and histamine in response to contact with the allergen. The specific symptoms t...more »
    288. Food Allergy -- mackerel
     A mackerel allergy is an adverse reaction by the body's immune system to mackerel or food containing mackerel. The body's immune system produces immunoglobulin E (IgE - an antibody) and histamine in response to contact with the allergen. The specific symp...more »
    289. Food Allergy -- mango
     A mango allergy is an adverse reaction by the body's immune system to mango or food containing mango. This type of allergy is rare and serious reactions are very rare. The specific symptoms that can result can vary considerably amongst patients e.g. skin,...more »
    290. Food Allergy -- meat
     A meat allergy is an adverse reaction by the body's immune system to meat. This type of allergy is rare and severe reactions are even rarer. The body's immune system produces immunoglobulin E (IgE - an antibody) and histamine in response to contact with t...more »
    291. Food Allergy -- melon
     A melon allergy is an adverse reaction by the body's immune system to melons or food containing melons. The body's immune system produces immunoglobulin E (IgE - an antibody) and histamine in response to contact with the allergen. The specific symptoms th...more »
    292. Food Allergy -- milk
     A milk allergy is an adverse reaction by the body's immune system to milk or food containing milk. The body's immune system produces immunoglobulin E (IgE - an antibody) and histamine in response to contact with the allergen. The specific symptoms that ca...more »
    293. Food Allergy -- mollusk
     A mollusk allergy is an adverse reaction by the body's immune system to mollusks or food containing mollusk. The body's immune system produces immunoglobulin E (IgE - an antibody) and histamine in response to contact with the allergen. The specific sympto...more »
    294. Food Allergy -- mussel
     A mussel allergy is an adverse reaction by the body's immune system to mussels or food containing mussels. The body's immune system produces immunoglobulin E (IgE - an antibody) and histamine in response to contact with the allergen. The specific symptoms...more »
    295. Food Allergy -- mustard leaf
     A mustard leaf allergy is an adverse reaction by the body's immune system to mustard leaves or food containing mustard leaves. The body's immune system produces immunoglobulin E (IgE - an antibody) and histamine in response to contact with the allergen. T...more »
    296. Food Allergy -- oat
     An oat allergy is an adverse reaction by the body's immune system to oats or food containing oats. The body's immune system produces immunoglobulin E (IgE - an antibody) and histamine in response to contact with the allergen. The specific symptoms that ca...more »
    297. Food Allergy -- olive
     An olive allergy is an adverse reaction by the body's immune system to olives or food containing olives. The body's immune system produces immunoglobulin E (IgE - an antibody) and histamine in response to contact with the allergen. The specific symptoms t...more »
    298. Food Allergy -- oranges
     An orange allergy is an adverse reaction by the body's immune system to oranges or food containing oranges. This type of allergy is rare and serious reactions are very rare. The body's immune system produces immunoglobulin E (IgE - an antibody) and histam...more »
    299. Food Allergy -- papaya
     A papaya allergy is an adverse reaction by the body's immune system to papaya or food containing papaya. The body's immune system produces immunoglobulin E (IgE - an antibody) and histamine in response to contact with the allergen. The specific symptoms t...more »
    300. Food Allergy -- paprika
     A paprika allergy is an adverse reaction by the body's immune system to paprika or food containing paprika. This type of allergy is rare and serious reactions are very rare. The body's immune system produces immunoglobulin E (IgE - an antibody) and histam...more »
    301. Food Allergy -- parsley
     A parsley allergy is an adverse reaction by the body's immune system to parsley or food parsley tomatoes. The body's immune system produces immunoglobulin E (IgE - an antibody) and histamine in response to contact with the allergen. The specific symptoms ...more »
    302. Food Allergy -- pea
     A pea allergy is an adverse reaction by the body's immune system to peas or food containing peas. The body's immune system produces immunoglobulin E (IgE - an antibody) and histamine in response to contact with the allergen. The specific symptoms that can...more »
    303. Food Allergy -- peach
     A peach allergy is an adverse reaction by the body's immune system to peach or food containing peach. The body's immune system produces immunoglobulin E (IgE - an antibody) and histamine in response to contact with the allergen. The specific symptoms that...more »
    304. Food Allergy -- peanuts
     A peanut allergy is an adverse reaction by the body's immune system to peanuts or food containing peanuts. The body's immune system produces immunoglobulin E (IgE - an antibody) and histamine in response to contact with the allergen. The specific symptoms...more »
    305. Food Allergy -- pear
     A pear allergy is an adverse reaction by the body's immune system to pears or food containing pears. The body's immune system produces immunoglobulin E (IgE - an antibody) and histamine in response to contact with the allergen. The specific symptoms that ...more »
    306. Food Allergy -- pecan
     A pecan allergy is an adverse reaction by the body's immune system to pecans or food containing pecans. The body's immune system produces immunoglobulin E (IgE - an antibody) and histamine in response to contact with the allergen. The specific symptoms th...more »
    307. Food Allergy -- pine nut
     A pine nut allergy is an adverse reaction by the body's immune system to pine nuts or food containing pine nuts. This type of allergy is rare and serious reactions are very rare. The body's immune system produces immunoglobulin E (IgE - an antibody) and h...more »
    308. Food Allergy -- pineapple
     A pineapple allergy is an adverse reaction by the body's immune system to pineapples or food containing pineapple. The body's immune system produces immunoglobulin E (IgE - an antibody) and histamine in response to contact with the allergen. The specific ...more »
    309. Food Allergy -- plantain
     A plantain allergy is an adverse reaction by the body's immune system to plantain or food containing plantain. The body's immune system produces immunoglobulin E (IgE - an antibody) and histamine in response to contact with the allergen. The specific symp...more »
    310. Food Allergy -- plum
     A plum allergy is an adverse reaction by the body's immune system to plums or food containing plums. The body's immune system produces immunoglobulin E (IgE - an antibody) and histamine in response to contact with the allergen. The specific symptoms that ...more »
    311. Food Allergy -- pomegranates
     A pomegranate allergy is an adverse reaction by the body's immune system to pomegranates or food containing pomegranates. This type of allergy is rare and serious reactions are very rare. The specific symptoms that can result can vary considerably amongst...more »
    312. Food Allergy -- pork
     A pork allergy is an adverse reaction by the body's immune system to meat. This type of allergy is rare and severe reactions are even rarer. The body's immune system produces immunoglobulin E (IgE - an antibody) and histamine in response to contact with t...more »
    313. Food Allergy -- potato
     A potato allergy is an adverse reaction by the body's immune system to potato or food containing potato. This type of allergy is rare and severe reactions are even rarer. The body's immune system produces immunoglobulin E (IgE - an antibody) and histamine...more »
    314. Food Allergy -- pumpkin
     A pumpkin allergy is an adverse reaction by the body's immune system to pumpkin or food containing pumpkin. This type of allergy is rare and serious reactions are very rare. The body's immune system produces immunoglobulin E (IgE - an antibody) and histam...more »
    315. Food Allergy -- red meat
     A red meat allergy is an adverse reaction by the body's immune system to red meat. This type of allergy is rare and severe reactions are even rarer. The body's immune system produces immunoglobulin E (IgE - an antibody) and histamine in response to contac...more »
    316. Food Allergy -- rice
     A rice allergy is an adverse reaction by the body's immune system to rice or food containing rice. The body's immune system produces immunoglobulin E (IgE - an antibody) and histamine in response to contact with the allergen. The specific symptoms that ca...more »
    317. Food Allergy -- rye
     A rye allergy is an adverse reaction by the body's immune system to rye or food containing rye. This type of allergy is rare and severe reactions are even rarer. The body's immune system produces immunoglobulin E (IgE - an antibody) and histamine in respo...more »
    318. Food Allergy -- salmon
     A salmon allergy is an adverse reaction by the body's immune system to salmon or food containing salmon. The body's immune system produces immunoglobulin E (IgE - an antibody) and histamine in response to contact with the allergen. The specific symptoms t...more »
    319. Food Allergy -- scallop
     A scallop allergy is an adverse reaction by the body's immune system to scallops or food containing scallops. The body's immune system produces immunoglobulin E (IgE - an antibody) and histamine in response to contact with the allergen. The specific sympt...more »
    320. Food Allergy -- sesame
     A sesame allergy is an adverse reaction by the body's immune system to sesame or food containing sesame. This type of allergy is rare and severe reactions are even rarer. The body's immune system produces immunoglobulin E (IgE - an antibody) and histamine...more »
    321. Food Allergy -- shellfish
     A shellfish allergy is an adverse reaction by the body's immune system to shellfish or food containing shellfish. The body's immune system produces immunoglobulin E (IgE - an antibody) and histamine in response to contact with the allergen. The specific s...more »
    322. Food Allergy -- shrimp
     A shrimp allergy is an adverse reaction by the body's immune system to shrimp or food containing shrimp. The body's immune system produces immunoglobulin E (IgE - an antibody) and histamine in response to contact with the allergen. The specific symptoms t...more »
    323. Food Allergy -- snail
     A snail allergy is an adverse reaction by the body's immune system to snails or food containing snails. The body's immune system produces immunoglobulin E (IgE - an antibody) and histamine in response to contact with the allergen. The specific symptoms th...more »
    324. Food Allergy -- soy
     A soy allergy is an adverse reaction by the body's immune system to soy or food containing soy. The body's immune system produces immunoglobulin E (IgE - an antibody) and histamine in response to contact with the allergen. The specific symptoms that can r...more »
    325. Food Allergy -- soybean
     A soybean allergy is an adverse reaction by the body's immune system to soybean or food containing soybean. The body's immune system produces immunoglobulin E (IgE - an antibody) and histamine in response to contact with the allergen. The specific symptom...more »
    326. Food Allergy -- spices
     A spice allergy is an adverse reaction by the body's immune system to spices or food containing spices. This type of allergy is rare and serious reactions are very rare. The body's immune system produces immunoglobulin E (IgE - an antibody) and histamine ...more »
    327. Food Allergy -- strawberry
     A strawberry allergy is an adverse reaction by the body's immune system to strawberries or food containing strawberries. The body's immune system produces immunoglobulin E (IgE - an antibody) and histamine in response to contact with the allergen. The spe...more »
    328. Food Allergy -- sulfite
     A sulfite allergy is an adverse reaction by the body's immune system to sulfite or food containing sulfite. The body's immune system produces immunoglobulin E (IgE - an antibody) and histamine in response to contact with the allergen. The specific symptom...more »
    329. Food Allergy -- sunflower seeds
     A sunflower seed allergy is an adverse reaction by the body's immune system to sunflower seeds or food containing sunflower seeds. This type of allergy is rare and serious reactions are very rare. The specific symptoms that can result can vary considerabl...more »
    330. Food Allergy -- thyme
     A thyme allergy is an adverse reaction by the body's immune system to thyme or food containing thyme. This type of allergy is rare and serious reactions are very rare. The body's immune system produces immunoglobulin E (IgE - an antibody) and histamine in...more »
    331. Food Allergy -- tomato
     A tomato allergy is an adverse reaction by the body's immune system to tomatoes or food containing tomatoes. The body's immune system produces immunoglobulin E (IgE - an antibody) and histamine in response to contact with the allergen. The specific sympto...more »
    332. Food Allergy -- tree nuts
     A tree nut allergy is an adverse reaction by the body's immune system to tree nuts or food containing tree nuts. The body's immune system produces immunoglobulin E (IgE - an antibody) and histamine in response to contact with the allergen. The specific sy...more »
    333. Food Allergy -- tuna
     A tuna allergy is an adverse reaction by the body's immune system to tuna or food containing tuna. This type of allergy is rare and serious reactions are very rare. The body's immune system produces immunoglobulin E (IgE - an antibody) and histamine in re...more »
    334. Food Allergy -- turnip
     A turnip allergy is an adverse reaction by the body's immune system to turnip or food containing turnip. The body's immune system produces immunoglobulin E (IgE - an antibody) and histamine in response to contact with the allergen. The specific symptoms t...more »
    335. Food Allergy -- turtle
     A turtle allergy is an adverse reaction by the body's immune system to the ingestion of turtle meat. This type of allergy is rare and serious reactions are very rare. The specific symptoms that can result can vary considerably amongst patients e.g. skin, ...more »
    336. Food Allergy -- vegetable oil
     A vegetable oil allergy is an adverse reaction by the body's immune system to vegetable oil or food containing vegetable oil. This type of allergy is rare and serious reactions are very rare. The body's immune system produces immunoglobulin E (IgE - an an...more »
    337. Food Allergy -- walnuts
     A walnut allergy is an adverse reaction by the body's immune system to walnuts or food containing walnuts. The body's immune system produces immunoglobulin E (IgE - an antibody) and histamine in response to contact with the allergen. The specific symptoms...more »
    338. Food Allergy -- watermelon
     A watermelon allergy is an adverse reaction by the body's immune system to melons or food containing watermelons. This type of allergy is rare and serious reactions are very rare. The specific symptoms that can result can vary considerably amongst patient...more »
    339. Food Allergy -- wheat
     A wheat allergy is an adverse reaction by the body's immune system to wheat or food containing wheat. The body's immune system produces immunoglobulin E (IgE - an antibody) and histamine in response to contact with the allergen. The specific symptoms that...more »
    340. Food Allergy -- zucchini
     A zucchini allergy is an adverse reaction by the body's immune system to zucchini or food containing zucchini. This type of allergy is rare and serious reactions are very rare. The body's immune system produces immunoglobulin E (IgE - an antibody) and his...more »
    341. Food allergies
     Immune over-reaction to an eaten food....more »
    342. Forestier's disease
     A rare disorder involving by bony growths that can occur various parts of the skeleton....more »
    343. Franek-Bocker-Kahlen syndrome
     A rare syndrome characterized mainly by a small head, brain defect, spasticity and high sodium level....more »
    344. Frontotemporal dementia, ubiquitin-positive
     A rare inherited neurodegenerative disorder characterized primarily by progressive social, behavioral and language deterioration due to changes in the frontotemporal portion of the brain....more »
    345. GTP cyclohydrolase deficiency
     A rare metabolic disorder caused by an enzyme deficiency (GTP cyclohydrolase) which causes a harmful build up of phenylalanine in the blood....more »
    346. Gall bladder conditions
     Any condition that affects the gallbladder...more »
    347. Gastroesophageal Reflux Disease
     Repeated reflux of stomach acid into the throat....more »
    348. Gastrointestinal Stromal Tumors
     Cancer that develops from stroma cells in the wall of the gastrointestinal tract. The primary locations are the small intestine, esophagus and esophagus with symptoms being determined by the location, stage and size of the tumor....more »
    349. Gastrointestinal neoplasm
     A growth or excessive proliferation of cells in the lining of the gastrointestinal tract which includes the esophagus, intestine, pharynx and stomach. The growth may be benign or malignant. The symptoms are determined by the size, location and stage of th...more »
    350. Gastrointestinal tumors
     Any tumor of the gastrointestinal (digestive) system, including cancers and benign tumors....more »
    351. Gaucher Disease
     A rare inherited biochemical disorder characterized by the deficiency of the enzyme called glucocerebrosidase and accumulation of glycosylceramide (glucocerebroside). There are three forms of this disease: type 1, 2 and 3....more »
    352. Gaucher disease -- perinatal lethal form
     A rare syndrome characterized by the association of abnormally tight skin and Gaucher disease which is a lipid storage disease. This is the most severe form of Gaucher disease....more »
    353. Gaucher disease type 2
     A rare inherited biochemical disorder characterized by the deficiency of the enzyme called glucocerebrosidase and accumulation of glycosylceramide (glucocerebroside). There are three forms of this disease: type 1, 2 and 3. Type 2 is acute neurological for...more »
    354. Generalized Myasthenia Gravis
     Myasthenia gravis is a chronic neuromuscular disease resulting from autoimmune dysfunction. In generalized myasthenia gravis weakness develops mainly in the limbs and trunk. The severity of symptoms may vary amongst patients. Most patients suffer increase...more »
    355. Generalized anxiety disorder
     Excessive anxiety and worrying....more »
    356. Genetic Parkinson disease
     A type of Parkinson disease that results from a genetic anomaly. There are a more than ten different genes that can cause Parkinson disease....more »
    357. Glomus tympanicum
     A rare, usually benign tumor found behind the ear drum. The tumor develops from glomus cells which are located along blood vessels involved in automatic body activities such as regulation of blood pressure and blood flow....more »
    358. Glossitis
     Inflammation of the tongue...more »
    359. Glossopalatine Ankylosis -- Hypoglossia
     Oromandibular-limb hypogenesis syndrome is characterized by a spectrum of disorders which can be categorized into a number of subtypes. Type III B involves mainly an abnormal band of tissue connecting the tongue to the hard palate or upper alveolar ridge....more »
    360. Glossopalatine Ankylosis -- Hypoglossia -- Hypodactylia
     Oromandibular-limb hypogenesis syndrome is characterized by a spectrum of disorders which can be categorized into a number of subtypes. Type III C involves mainly an abnormal band of tissue connecting the tongue to the hard palate or upper alveolar ridge....more »
    361. Glossopalatine Ankylosis -- Hypoglossia -- Hypodactylomelia
     Oromandibular-limb hypogenesis syndrome is characterized by a spectrum of disorders which can be categorized into a number of subtypes. Type III E involves mainly an abnormal band of tissue connecting the tongue to the hard palate or upper alveolar ridge....more »
    362. Glossopalatine Ankylosis -- Hypoglossia -- Hypomelia
     Oromandibular-limb hypogenesis syndrome is characterized by a spectrum of disorders which can be categorized into a number of subtypes. Type III D involves mainly an abnormal band of tissue connecting the tongue to the hard palate or upper alveolar ridge....more »
    363. Glycogen storage disease type 2
     A rare inherited biochemical disorder involving the harmful accumulation of certain chemicals (glycogen) in body tissues due to the deficiency of an enzyme (?-glucosidase or acid maltase) needed to break it down....more »
    364. Glycogenosis type 2
     A rare inherited biochemical disorder involving the harmful accumulation of certain chemicals (glycogen) in body tissues due to the deficiency of an enzyme (?-glucosidase or acid maltase) needed to break it down. The severity of the condition is variable ...more »
    365. Goiter
     Swollen neck thyroid gland...more »
    366. Guam disease
     A nerve degeneration disorder that occurs particularly in Guam and involves progressive dementia and parkinsonism which ultimately leads to death....more »
    367. Guillain-Barre Syndrome
     A rare progressive form of ascending polyneuropathy believed to be an autoimmune response....more »
    368. HIV like Severe sore throat
     Involvement of the upper respiratory tract....more »
    369. HIV-1, CRF36_cpx
     HIV is an immune system disease caused by the HIV virus. AIDS is a term used when a person infected with HIV has a CD4+ T cell count below 200 or 14% of lymphocytes. AIDS is an advanced form of HIV. To be classified as AIDS the person must also have an AI...more »
    370. Hallervorden-Spatz disease
     Nerve disorder causing movement problems....more »
    371. Haloperidol -- Teratogenic Agent
     There is evidence to indicate that exposure to Haloperidol (an antipsychotic drug) during pregnancy may have a teratogenic effect on the fetus. A teratogen is a substance that can cause birth defects. The likelihood and severity of defects may be affected...more »
    372. Headache-free migraine
     A syndrome with no headache but other migraine-like symptoms...more »
    373. Heartburn
     Pain from stomach acid coming back up the esophagus...more »
    374. Hereditary amyloidosis
     An inherited form of amyloidosis which is characterized by a build up of the protein amyloid in tissues and organs. This form of amyloidosis tends to affect mainly the nervous system and gastrointestinal tract. Symptoms are determined by the size and loca...more »
    375. Herpangina
     A condition which is infective and caused by the coxsackie virus...more »
    376. Herpes stomatitis
     Mouth infection with ulcers/blisters due to the herpes virus...more »
    377. Hiatal hernia
     Hernia of the stomach through the diaphragm muscle....more »
    378. Hodgkin's Disease
     A form of cancer that affects the lymphatic system....more »
    379. Hodgkin's disease, nodular sclerosis
     Hodgkin's disease is a type of cancer characterized by the abnormal proliferation of a type of white blood cell called lymphocyte. Hodgkin's lymphoma is classified into classical types and nodular lymphocyte predominant type. The nodular form tends to be ...more »
    380. Human HOXA1 Syndromes
     Human HOXA1 syndromes are very rare conditions caused by genetic defects involving the HOXA1 gene. The severity of the condition is highly variable depending on the extent of the defect and inheritance pattern. The most severe form is Bosley-Salih-Alorain...more »
    381. Huntington's Disease
     Inherited disease causing progressive mental deterioration....more »
    382. Hydrocarbon poisoning
     Excessive ingestion of hydrocarbon compounds such as turpentine, pine oil, cleaning agents, fuel, polishes, kerosene and car products....more »
    383. Hyperchromic Anemia
     Hyperchromic anemia is a blood disorder characterized by red blood cells which contain abnormally high amounts of haemoglobin as well as a reduced number of red blood cells. This anomaly is often caused by such things as Vitamin B12 deficiency and pernici...more »
    384. Hypertelorism -- esophageal abnormalities -- hypospadias
     A rare genetic disorder characterized by defects along the midline of the body. The type and severity of symptoms can vary considerably. There are two subtypes of the disorder: one is inherited in a X-linked manner and the other is inherited in an autosom...more »
    385. Hypertelorism with esophageal abnormality and hypospadias
     A congenital disorder characterized by distinctive facial features, genital abnormalities, esophageal defect and difficulty swallowing. Males are more severely affected than females....more »
    386. Hypoglossia
     Oromandibular-limb hypogenesis syndrome is characterized by a spectrum of disorders which can be categorized into a number of subtypes. Type I A is characterized by an underdeveloped tongue....more »
    387. Hypoglossia -- Hypodactylia
     Oromandibular-limb hypogenesis syndrome is characterized by a spectrum of disorders which can be categorized into a number of subtypes. Type II A involves an underdeveloped as well as variable degrees of absence of digits....more »
    388. Hypoglossia -- Hypodactylomelia
     Oromandibular-limb hypogenesis syndrome is characterized by a spectrum of disorders which can be categorized into a number of subtypes. Type II C involves an underdeveloped as well as missing digit and limb anomalies....more »
    389. Hypoglossia -- Hypomelia
     Oromandibular-limb hypogenesis syndrome is characterized by a spectrum of disorders which can be categorized into a number of subtypes. Type II B involves an underdeveloped as well as limb anomalies....more »
    390. Hypomagnesemia primary
     Low blood magnesium levels which is caused by the abnormal absorption and excretion of the mineral and can be caused by such things as kidney problems and intestinal malabsorption....more »
    391. Hypopharyngeal cancer
     Cancer of the bottom part of the throat (hypopharynx)....more »
    392. Hypophosphatemia
     Low blood phosphate levels. Causes include malnourishment, chronic alcoholism excessive carbohydrate consumption, malabsorption, phosphaturia, liver failure, respiratory alkalosis and certain genetic disorders....more »
    393. Hypospadias -- hypertelorism
     A congenital disorder characterized by distinctive facial features, genital abnormalities, esophageal defect and difficulty swallowing. Males are more severely affected than females....more »
    394. Ichthyosis congenita, Harlequin fetus type
     A very rare genetic skin disorder where a newborn is covered with large plates of thick skin that cracks and splits....more »
    395. Ichthyosis congenita, harlequin type
     A very rare genetic skin disorder where a newborn is covered with large plates of thick skin that cracks and splits....more »
    396. Idiopathic Parkinson's disease
     Idiopathic Parkinson's disease is Parkinson's disease for which no particular cause can be determined - it is the most prevalent form of the condition. Parkinson's disease is a chronic, progressive, degenerative brain disorder characterized by tremors, mu...more »
    397. Idiopathic myopathy
     A rare condition involving inflammation of the skeletal muscles which become weak and wasted....more »
    398. Idiopathic subglottic tracheal stenosis
     Narrowing of the portion of the trachea below the glottis (voice box) that occurs for no apparent reason....more »
    399. Inclusion Body Myositis
     Progressive inflammatory muscle disease causing muscle weakness....more »
    400. Infantile dysphagia
     Swallowing problems in infants....more »
    401. Infantile striato-thalamic degeneration
     A very rare disorder involving degeneration of part of the brain - thalamus and striatum....more »
    402. Inherited spherocytic anemia
     Inherited Spherocytic anemia is an inherited blood disorder characterized by red blood cells that are shaped like a sphere (spherocytes) rather than the normal doughnut shape. These abnormal cells are broken down prematurely resulting in a shortage of red...more »
    403. Insect allergy
     An allergic response to a wasp sting....more »
    404. Intestinal pseudo-obstruction
     A digestive disorder where the intestines are unable to contract normally and push food through the digestive system. This results in symptoms similar to an obstruction and hence the name pseudo-obstruction. The walls of the affected gastrointestinal trac...more »
    405. Intestinal pseudoobstruction chronic idiopathic
     A digestive disorder where the intestines are unable to contract normally and push food through the digestive system. This results in symptoms similar to an obstruction and hence the name pseudoobstruction. The condition has no obvious cause....more »
    406. Intracranial Hemorrhages
     Bleeding inside the skull. The condition is a medical emergency and the greater the bleeding, the more severe the condition....more »
    407. Intraoral Bands -- Hypoglossia
     Oromandibular-limb hypogenesis syndrome is characterized by a spectrum of disorders which can be categorized into a number of subtypes. Type IV B involves mainly an abnormal band of tissue inside the mouth as well as abnormal fusion of structures inside t...more »
    408. Intraoral Bands -- Hypoglossia -- Hyopmelia
     Oromandibular-limb hypogenesis syndrome is characterized by a spectrum of disorders which can be categorized into a number of subtypes. Type IV D involves mainly an abnormal band of tissue inside the mouth as well as abnormal fusion of structures inside t...more »
    409. Intraoral Bands -- Hypoglossia -- Hypodactylia
     Oromandibular-limb hypogenesis syndrome is characterized by a spectrum of disorders which can be categorized into a number of subtypes. Type IV C involves mainly an abnormal band of tissue inside the mouth as well as abnormal fusion of structures inside t...more »
    410. Intraoral Bands -- Hypoglossia -- Hypodactylomelia
     Oromandibular-limb hypogenesis syndrome is characterized by a spectrum of disorders which can be categorized into a number of subtypes. Type IV E involves mainly an abnormal band of tissue inside the mouth as well as abnormal fusion of structures inside t...more »
    411. Intraoral Bands and Fusion
     Oromandibular-limb hypogenesis syndrome is characterized by a spectrum of disorders which can be categorized into a number of subtypes. Type IV A involves mainly an abnormal band of tissue inside the mouth as well as abnormal fusion of structures inside t...more »
    412. Iron deficiency anemia
     Iron-deficiency anemia is a blood condition characterized by low levels of iron in the body which leads to a reduction in the number of red blood cells....more »
    413. Isoniazid-induced Sideroblastic anemia
     Drug-induced sideroblastic anemia is a blood disorder caused by taking a drug called isoniazid. The body has sufficient iron levels but is unable to utilise it properly in red blood cells. The iron becomes abnormally deposited in red blood cells which mak...more »
    414. Juvenile Myasthenia Gravis
     Myasthenia gravis is a chronic neuromuscular disease which results from autoimmune dysfunction. Juvenile myasthenia gravis also has autoimmune origins and tends to develop during childhood. Symptoms tend to become worse during the day with activity and im...more »
    415. Juvenile dermatomyositis
     A very rare autoimmune disorder where the body's own immune system attacks blood vessels and causes them to become inflamed. The condition is characterized by progressive muscle weakness and a characteristic pinkish-purple rash....more »
    416. Juvenile primary lateral sclerosis
     A very rare genetic disorder characterized by increasing weakness and stiffness of the muscles in the arms, legs and face due to damage to nerve cells that control motor movement....more »
    417. Kuru syndrome
     A rare fatal disease that has been noted in a Eastern New Guinean tribe. It is believed to be prevalent in this tribe due to their history of cannibalism....more »
    418. Large cell carcinoma
     Large cell carcinoma is the uncontrolled growth of abnormal cells in the lungs. This non-small cell lung cancer that represents 10% to 20% of all tumors that start in the bronchi, which are the main branches of the trachea that lead to the lungs....more »
    419. Laryngeal carcinoma
     Cancer of the laryngeal area. Smoking and alcohol increase the risk of this cancer....more »
    420. Laryngeal papillomatosis
     A rare disease characterized by the development of tumors in the larynx, vocal cords or respiratory tract. The disease is caused by the human papilloma virus. Symptoms will vary according to the size, location and aggressiveness of the tumor....more »
    421. Laryngitis
     Laryngitis is an inflammation of the mucous membrane lining the larynx which is located in the upper part of the respiratory tract....more »
    422. Laryngopharyngeal reflux
     A gastrointestinal disorder where acid reflux affects the throat and causes irritation....more »
    423. Larynx Cancer
     Cancer of the voice box or nearby areas....more »
    424. Late-onset Alzheimer's
     Late-onset Alzheimer's is a form of Alzheimer's disease that doesn't appear to be linked to any genetic defects or familial pattern. It is by far the most common form of Alzheimer's - occurs in up to 90% of Alzheimer sufferers. Alzheimer's disease is a pr...more »
    425. Lead poisoning
     A type of heavy metal poisoning caused by excessive exposure to lead....more »
    426. Ledermycin -- Teratogenic Agent
     There is evidence to indicate that exposure to Ledermycin (an antibiotic) during pregnancy may have a teratogenic effect on the fetus. A teratogen is a substance that can cause birth defects. The likelihood and severity of defects may be affected by the l...more »
    427. Leiomyomatosis of oesophagus, congenital cataract and hematuria
     A rare disorder characterized by congenital cataracts, blood in urine and the development of tumors in the esophagus called a leiomyoma. A leiomyoma is a benign tumor that originates from smooth muscle tissue. These tumors may also be present in the femal...more »
    428. Leiomyomatosis, Esophagogastric and Vulvar
     A rare condition where a tumor develops in the esophagus and vulva. The condition appears to be inherited in an autosomal dominant manner....more »
    429. Lemierre's syndrome
     A very rare condition where a throat infection leads to secondary infection and blood clot formation in the internal jugular vein. The infected blood clot can then travel to other parts of the body and cause problems. The usual bacterial culprit is Fusoba...more »
    430. Leukoencephalopathy, arthritis, colitis, and hypogammaglobulinema
     A rare condition characterized by the association of arthritis, colitis, low blood gammaglobulin levels and brain anomalies....more »
    431. Levine-Critchley syndrome
     A very rare inherited disorder mainly involving progressive muscle weakness and wasting, abnormal limb movement, progressive cognitive loss and red blood cell abnormalities....more »
    432. Lhermitte-Cornil-Quesnel syndrome
     A rare disorder characterized by the slowly-progressive degeneration of a part of the brain (pyramidal tract and globus pallidus)....more »
    433. Limited cutaneous systemic sclerosis
     A rare disorder that primarily affects the skin and blood vessels. It is characterized by calcified skin deposits (C), Raynaud syndrome (R), esophageal dysfunction (E), scleroderma of the fingers and toes(S) and telengiectasia - dilated blood vessels (T)....more »
    434. Lissencephaly
     A very rare disorder characterized by abnormal brain formation so that the brain surface appears smooth rather than convoluted....more »
    435. Lissencephaly syndrome type 1
     A very rare form of the brain formation disorder called lissencephaly where the brain surface is abnormally smooth rather than convoluted resulting in mental retardation. Physical malformations are also present....more »
    436. Lissencephaly, type 1, X-linked
     Abnormal brain development characterized by an abnormally smooth brain. This form of the disorder is inherited in a X-linked manner (defect on the DCX gene) and the corpus callosum fails to develop. Males tend to be affected more severely than females....more »
    437. Lung Cancer Susceptibility 1
     Researchers have linked a number of genes to an increased risk of developing lung cancer. The genetic predisposition plus environmental factors and lifestyle factors such as smoking translate to an increased risk of cancer. The genetic predisposition is b...more »
    438. Lung Cancer Susceptibility 2
     Researchers have linked a number of genes to an increased risk of developing lung cancer. The genetic predisposition plus environmental factors and lifestyle factors such as smoking translate to an increased risk of cancer. The genetic predisposition is b...more »
    439. Lung Cancer Susceptibility 3
     Researchers have linked a number of genes to an increased risk of developing lung cancer. The genetic predisposition plus environmental factors and lifestyle factors such as smoking translate to an increased risk of cancer. The genetic predisposition is b...more »
    440. Lung Cancer Susceptibility 4
     Researchers have linked a number of genes to an increased risk of developing lung cancer. The genetic predisposition plus environmental factors and lifestyle factors such as smoking translate to an increased risk of cancer. The genetic predisposition is b...more »
    441. Lupus
     Autoimmune disease with numerous effects on various organs and linings....more »
    442. Lymphatic malformation (LM)
     Abnormal or defective development of a lymph vessel. Groups of abnormal lymph channels and spaces contain lymph fluid. A blockage in the malformation can cause a buildup of fluid which can compress nearby structures such as the windpipe. Other problems ca...more »
    443. Lymphocyte depletion Hodgkin's disease
     Hodgkin's disease is a type of cancer characterized by the abnormal proliferation of a type of white blood cell called lymphocyte. Hodgkin's lymphoma is classified into classical types and nodular lymphocyte predominant type. The nodular form tends to be ...more »
    444. Lymphoma
     Cancer involving lymph nodes and the immune system....more »
    445. MRXS-Christianson
     A very rare syndrome characterized mainly by mental retardation, mutism, facial anomalies, epilepsy and weak eye muscles. Males tended to have severe mental retardation whereas female carriers had mild or no mental retardation. Patients do eventually walk...more »
    446. Macrocytic Hyperchromic Anemia
     Macrocytic Hyperchromic anemia is a blood disorder characterized by abnormally large red blood cells which contain abnormally high amounts of haemoglobin. There is also a reduced number of red blood cells. This anomaly can be associated with such things a...more »
    447. Macrogyria, pseudobulbar palsy and mental retardation
     A very rare syndrome characterized mainly by abnormal brain development which results in mild mental retardation, epilepsy, developmental delay and pseudobulbar palsy which affects speech, chewing and swallowing functions....more »
    448. Malignant Lung Cancer
     Lung cancer is a disease of uncontrolled cell growth in tissues of the lung. This growth may lead to metastasis, which is the invasion of adjacent tissue and infiltration beyond the lungs. Most lung tumors are malignant. This means that they invade and de...more »
    449. Mandibulofacial dysostosis, Treacher Collins type, autosomal recessive
     A rare, recessively inherited disorder characterized mainly by eye, face, mouth, ear and skull abnormalities....more »
    450. Marchiafava-Micheli disease
     A blood disorder where abnormalities in erhtyrocyte membranes results in excessive destruction of red blood cells and hence anemia....more »
    451. Marine turtle poisoning
     Marine turtles are found and eaten in the rivers and coastal waters of Southeast Asia. It is believed that sometimes these turtles become poisonous when the eat toxic algae which occur at certain times of the year. Symptoms vary in nature and severity amo...more »
    452. Marine turtle poisoning -- Green Sea Turtle
     Green Sea turtles are found and eaten in the rivers and coastal waters of Southeast Asia. It is believed that sometimes these turtles become poisonous when the eat toxic algae which occur at certain times of the year. Symptoms vary in nature and severity ...more »
    453. Marine turtle poisoning -- Hawksbill Turtle
     Hawksbill turtles are found and eaten in the rivers and coastal waters of Southeast Asia. It is believed that sometimes these turtles become poisonous when the eat toxic algae which occur at certain times of the year. Symptoms vary in nature and severity ...more »
    454. Marine turtle poisoning -- Leatherback Turtle
     Leatherback turtles are found and eaten in the rivers and coastal waters of Southeast Asia. It is believed that sometimes these turtles become poisonous when the eat toxic algae which occur at certain times of the year. Symptoms vary in nature and severit...more »
    455. Marine turtle poisoning -- Loggerhead Turtle
     Loggerhead turtles are found and eaten in the rivers and coastal waters of Southeast Asia. It is believed that sometimes these turtles become poisonous when the eat toxic algae which occur at certain times of the year. Symptoms vary in nature and severity...more »
    456. Marine turtle poisoning -- Soft-shelled Turtle
     Soft-shelled turtles are found and eaten in the rivers and coastal waters of Southeast Asia. It is believed that sometimes these turtles become poisonous when the eat toxic algae which occur at certain times of the year. Symptoms vary in nature and severi...more »
    457. Mediastinitis
     Inflammation of the area between the lungs called the mediastinum which contains the heart, thymus gland, windpipe, esophagus and large blood vessels. The condition may occur suddenly (acute) or slowly over a period of time (chronic). It is often a compli...more »
    458. Megalocytic-Normochromic anemia
     Megalocytic-Normochromic is a blood disorder characterized by normal amounts of haemoglobin within abnormally large red blood cells. However, the number of red blood cells is low....more »
    459. Mental retardation, Microcephaly, Epilepsy and Ataxia Syndrome
     A very rare syndrome characterized mainly by mental retardation, mutism, facial anomalies, epilepsy and weak eye muscles. Males tended to have severe mental retardation whereas female carriers had mild or no mental retardation. Patients do eventually walk...more »
    460. Mental retardation, X-linked -- craniofacial dysmorphology -- epilepsy -- ophthalmoplegia -- cerebellar atrophy
     A very rare syndrome characterized mainly by mental retardation, mutism, facial anomalies, epilepsy and weak eye muscles. Males tended to have severe mental retardation whereas female carriers had mild or no mental retardation. Patients do eventually walk...more »
    461. Mesothelioma, adult malignant
     A rare type of malignant cancer that occurs in the pleura (chest lining) or peritoneum (abdominal lining). The cancer develops in people who have inhaled asbestos fibres. Symptoms tend to occur many years or even decades after the exposure....more »
    462. Mesothelioma, adult malignant -- pleural
     A rare type of malignant cancer that occurs in the pleura (chest lining). The cancer develops in people who have inhaled asbestos fibers. Symptoms tend to occur many years or even decades after the exposure....more »
    463. Metabolic disorders
     Disorders that affect the metabolic system in human...more »
    464. Metachromatic Leukodystrophy
     An inherited biochemical deficiency involving a deficiency of the enzyme called arylsulfatase A which leads to a harmful buildup of fatty material in the body....more »
    465. Methyldopa-induced Immune Hemolytic Anemia
     Methyldopa-induced immune hemolytic anemia is a condition where use of a medication called Methyldopa triggers the body's immune system to destroy it's own red blood cells which results in anemia....more »
    466. Microcephaly brain defect spasticity hypernatremia
     A rare syndrome characterized mainly by a small head, brain defect, spasticity and high sodium level....more »
    467. Microcytic Anemia
     Microcytic anemia is a blood disorder characterized by small red blood cells (erythrocytes). The red blood cells are small due to a failure of haemoglobin synthesis or insufficient quantities of haemoglobin available. The blood disorder is usually caused ...more »
    468. Microcytic Hyperchromic Anemia
     Microcytic Hyperchromic anemia is a blood disorder characterized by abnormally small red blood cells which contain abnormally high amounts of haemoglobin. There is also a reduced number of red blood cells. This anomaly can be associated with such things a...more »
    469. Microcytic hypochromic anemia
     Microcytic anemia is a blood disorder characterized by small red blood cells (erythrocytes) which have insufficient haemoglobin and hence have a reduced ability to carry oxygen through the body. The red blood cells are small due to a failure of haemoglobi...more »
    470. Microcytic-Normochromic anemia
     Microcytic-Normochromic anemia is a blood disorder characterized by normal amounts of haemoglobin within small red blood cells. However the number of red blood cells is low....more »
    471. Minocycline -- Teratogenic Agent
     There is evidence to indicate that exposure to Minocycline during pregnancy may have a teratogenic effect on the fetus. A teratogen is a substance that can cause birth defects. The likelihood and severity of defects may be affected by the level of exposur...more »
    472. Mitochondrial Parkinson's disease
     A form of Parkinson's disease that seems to be linked to mitochondrial defects - mitochondria are the energy-producing components of body cells. Parkinson's disease is a chronic, progressive, degenerative brain disorder characterized by tremors, muscle ri...more »
    473. Mitochondrial neurogastrointestinal encephalopathy syndrome
     A rare genetic disorder which affects a number of body systems and manifests results in symptoms such as droopy eyelids, progressive eye muscle weakness, gastrointestinal dysmotility, brain disease, thin body, peripheral neuropathy and muscle disease....more »
    474. Mitral stenosis
     Narrowing of the mitral heart valve...more »
    475. Mixed Cerebral Palsy
     Cerebral palsy is movement disorder originating from some sort of damage to the brain. There are a few different types of cerebral palsy (e.g. spastic, athetoid, ataxic) and a combination of two or more types is known as mixed cerebral palsy. The symptoms...more »
    476. Mixed cellularity Hodgkin's disease
     Hodgkin's disease is a type of cancer characterized by the abnormal proliferation of a type of white blood cell called lymphocyte. Hodgkin's lymphoma is classified into classical types and nodular lymphocyte predominant type. The nodular form tends to be ...more »
    477. Mobius syndrome
     A rare genetic condition characterized by defective cranial nerves (6th and 7th), deafness, facial nerve paralysis and other abnormalities....more »
    478. Moebius Syndrome
     Moebius syndrome is a very rare condition characterized by underdevelopment of the facial nerves (particularly sixth and seventh cranial nerves) which causes facial paralysis....more »
    479. Mohave Rattle snake poisoning
     The Mohave rattle snake is a poisonous snake found mainly in Mexico and south-western areas of the US. The type of venom in Mohave snakes varies amongst species. Those with Type A venom tend to affect the nervous system whereas those with Type B venom pri...more »
    480. Monosomy 1p36
     A rare chromosomal disorder where deletion of a portion of chromosome 1 causes various abnormalities such as heart problems, mental retardation, developmental delay, facial dysmorphism and short stature. The range and severity of symptoms is variable with...more »
    481. Motor neuron diseases
     Any of various disorders of the "motor neurons", nerves that control movement....more »
    482. Mouth cancer
     Any cancer that occurs in the mouth...more »
    483. Mouth conditions
     Any condition that affects the mouth...more »
    484. Mouth ulcers
     Ulcers in the mouth membranes or oral areas...more »
    485. Mucoepidermoid
     A mucoepidermoid is a type of cancer which is found primarily in the salivary glands (major and minor) but can be found in other glands such as the tear glands, breast gland and thyroid. The cancer develops from squamous, mucus-secreting and intermediate ...more »
    486. Mucoepidermoid Carcinoma
     A mucoepidermoid carcinoma is a type of cancer which is found primarily in the salivary glands (major and minor) but can be found in other glands such as the tear glands, breast gland and thyroid. The cancer develops from squamous, mucus-secreting and int...more »
    487. Multiple Sclerosis
     Autoimmune attack on spinal nerves causing diverse and varying neural problems....more »
    488. Multiple system atrophy
     A rare disorder where nerve degeneration causes progressive neurological problems involving the central and autonomic nervous system. The rate of progression is variable....more »
    489. Multiple system atrophy (MSA) with orthostatic hypotension
     A progressive neurological disorder involving the central and autonomic nervous system....more »
    490. Mumps
     An acute viral disease that causes the salivary glands to become swollen, sore and inflamed. Immunization had greatly reduced the incidence of this disease....more »
    491. Muscular dystrophy, Duchenne and Becker type
     An inherited l disorder characterized by progressive muscle weakness. The disorder is caused by a genetic anomaly and results in insufficient quantities of or ineffective dystrophin which is needed for normal muscle functioning. The disorder is expressed ...more »
    492. Myasthenia Gravis
     An autoimmune disorder which interferes with nerve impulses to muscles and hence results in weak, easily fatigued muscles....more »
    493. Myasthenia Gravis with Thymus Hyperplasia
     Myasthenia gravis is an autoimmune neuromuscular disease which is often associated with an abnormal thymus. The relationship between the thymus and myasthenia is not fully understood but as the thymus is involved in the body's immune system, it may trigge...more »
    494. Myasthenia, Familial Infantile, 1
     Illness, stress or fatigue may result in sudden severe episodes of apnea which can be fatal....more »
    495. Myasthenia, familial
     A familial form of myasthenia which is a muscle disease characterized by muscle weakness. The weakness is exacerbated by physical activity and improved by resting....more »
    496. Myasthenic syndrome, congenital, associated with acetylcholine receptor deficiency
     A genetic, nonprogressive neuromuscular disorder causing muscle weakness. The severity of symptoms is variable and stress and illness can exacerbate symptoms....more »
    497. Mycosis fungoides
     Mycosis fungoides is a rare form of T-cell lymphoma of the skin. The disease is typically slowly progressive and chronic....more »
    498. Mycosis fungoides, familial
     A rare form of lymphatic cancer (T-cell lymphoma) that primarily affects the skin and tends to occur with higher than normal frequency within a family. The skin is affected first, then the lymph nodes become inflamed and usually cancerous. The cancer can ...more »
    499. Myopathy -- growth and mental retardation -- hypospadias
     A very rare syndrome characterized mainly by muscle disease, retarded growth, mental retardation and abnormally placed urethral opening....more »
    500. Myopathy, Congenital, Compton-North
     A familial form of congenital muscle disease resulting from a genetic anomaly....more »
    501. Myopathy, Distal 2
     An inherited muscle condition that tends to mainly affect the end portions of arms and legs - hands, feet, forearms and lower legs. There are three subtypes which are distinguished by the origin of the genetic defect. Type 2 is linked to a defect on chrom...more »
    502. Myotonic Dystrophy
     An inherited disorder characterized by progressive muscle weakness and wasting as well as eye defects, heart abnormalities and other anomalies. The severity of the condition is greatly variable. There are two type of myotonic dystrophy with type 1 being m...more »
    503. Möbius Syndrome
     Möbius syndrome is a very rare condition characterized by underdevelopment of the facial nerves (particularly sixth and seventh cranial nerves) which causes facial paralysis....more »
    504. NADH cytochrome B5 reductase deficiency
     A very rare syndrome caused by a genetic anomaly resulting in an enzyme deficiency (NADH cytochrome B5 reductase)....more »
    505. Nasopharyngeal carcinoma
     A malignant cancer that occurs in the nasopharynx area which is the upper part of the throat. Often there are no symptoms until the cancer has metastasized to other parts of the body such as the neck....more »
    506. Nasopharynx cancer
     A condition which is characterized a malignancy located in the nasopharynx...more »
    507. Nathalie syndrome
     A very rare condition described in four children of one family. The condition is characterized by wasting of the spine muscles, abnormal heart electrical activity, cataracts, hypogonadism and hearing impairment....more »
    508. Neck Cancer
     Any cancer that occurs in the neck...more »
    509. Nemaline myopathy 1
     A very rare inherited muscle disorder and is characterized by muscle weakness caused by the presence of nemaline rods in the muscle tissue which affects its function. There are at least 7 different subtypes of nemaline myopathy, each with a different gene...more »
    510. Neonatal tetanus
     Muscle tetanus of the very young infant...more »
    511. Neurodegeneration With Brain Iron Accumulation 2
     A rare, inherited, progressive neurological movement disorder where accumulation of iron in the brain causes degeneration of the nervous system. Type 2 is linked to a defect in the PLA2G6 gene on chromosome 22q13.1....more »
    512. Neuroferritinopathy
     A rare disorder where a genetic mutation results in a neurological disease resulting from abnormal iron and ferritin deposits in the brain....more »
    513. Neurofibromatosis-2
     Genetic disorder often leading to tumors on nerves....more »
    514. Neuroleptic Malignant Syndrome
     A severe, potentially fatal reaction to antipsychotic drugs....more »
    515. Neurosarcoidosis
     A rare disorder involving sarcoidosis of the nervous system. Sarcoidosis is a chronic inflammatory disorder that can affect virtually any part of the body. Neurosarcoidosis involves inflammation and abnormal deposits in parts of the nervous system includi...more »
    516. Nicotine addiction
     Nicotine addiction is the uncontrollable desire to continue smoking. Smoking products contain nicotine which is a chemical that can lead to addiction if used over a period of time. Cessation causes withdrawal symptoms which can vary in nature and severity...more »
    517. Niemann-Pick disease
     A rare inherited biochemical disorder involving the deficiency of an enzyme (acid sphingomyelinase) needed to break down certain lipids which results in an accumulation of these lipids in the body....more »
    518. Niemann-Pick disease, type D
     Niemann-Pick disease is an inherited metabolic disorder where lipids are not able to be metabolized adequately and hence build up and cause damage in various parts of the body such as the spleen, liver, lungs, bone marrow and brain. Type D is no longer a ...more »
    519. Nocturnal heartburn
     Heartburn seen more in the nights affecting sleep....more »
    520. Nodular goiter
     A condition which is characterized by a goiter with nodules within the gland...more »
    521. Nodular sclerosing Hodgkin's lymphoma
     Hodgkin's disease is a type of cancer characterized by the abnormal proliferation of a type of white blood cell called lymphocyte. Hodgkin's lymphoma is classified into classical types and nodular lymphocyte predominant type. The nodular form tends to be ...more »
    522. Non-hereditary spherocytic anemia
     Non-inherited spherocytic anemia is an acquired blood disorder characterized by red blood cells that are shaped like a sphere (spherocytes) rather than the normal doughnut shape. These abnormal cells are broken down prematurely resulting in a shortage of ...more »
    523. Normochromic anemia
     Normochromic anemia is a blood disorder characterized by normal amounts of haemoglobin within red blood cells but low numbers of red blood cells....more »
    524. Normocytic anemia
     Normocytic anemia is a blood disorder characterized by red blood cells which are of a normal size but present in insufficient quantities. It is often associated with chronic diseases, blood loss, bone marrow problems and kidney disease. It can also be the...more »
    525. Normocytic-Normochromic anemia
     Megalocytic-Normochromic is a blood disorder characterized by normal amounts of haemoglobin within normal-sized red blood cells. However, the number of red blood cells is low. Conditions such as haemolytic anemia, liver disease and aplastic anemia may be ...more »
    526. Nutritional Sideroblastic anemia
     Nutritional sideroblastic anemia is a blood disorder caused insufficient quantities of pyridoxine or copper. The body has sufficient iron levels but is unable to utilise it properly in red blood cells due to the lack of pyridoxine or copper. The iron beco...more »
    527. Nutritional anemia
     Nutritional anemia refers to a reduced red blood cell count due to a poor diet which is deficient in iron, folat and/or Vitamin B12....more »
    528. Occupational Cancer -- Lung cancer
     Occupational exposure to arsenic can increase the risk of developing lung cancer....more »
    529. Occupational Cancer -- Pharynx cancer
     Occupational exposure to mustard gas can increase the risk of developing Pharynx cancer....more »
    530. Occupational Cancer -- Respiratory tract cancer
     People employed in occupations which involves chronic exposure to arsenic, asbestos, cadmium, beryllium, chromium, diesel exhaust, silica and nickel can lead to an increased risk of developed respiratory tract cancers such as bronchial cancer, lung cancer...more »
    531. Oculopharyngeal Muscular Dystrophy
     A group of genetic muscle-wasting diseases which affects mainly the eyes and throat. Weakness in limb and facial muscles can occur in later stages....more »
    532. Odontoma
     A benign tumor that usually forms at the root of a tooth. It may have genetic origins or may result from some sort of trauma to the tooth....more »
    533. Odontoma -- dysphagia syndrome
     A rare disorder characterized mainly by overgrowth of muscle tissue in the esophagus and a benign tumor that usually forms at the root of a tooth....more »
    534. Oesophageal spasm
     An oesophageal spasm is incoordinated contraction of the muscles in the esophagus which carries food from the mouth to the stomach. The muscles contract simultaneously instead of a rhythmic successive motion....more »
    535. Olivopontocerebellar Atrophy
     A group of diseases progressive degeneration occurs in a particular area of the brain (olivopontocerebellar area) which results in various neurological symptoms....more »
    536. Olivopontocerebellar Atrophy, Hereditary
     A group of rare, inherited, neurodegenerative conditions characterized by progressive problems with balance, coordination of voluntary movements and speech. The rate of progression varies amongst patients....more »
    537. Olivopontocerebellar atrophy type 3
     A disorder where degeneration of certain parts of the brain and spinal cord results in symptoms such as blindness, tremor, speech problems and ataxia....more »
    538. Ondine syndrome
     A rare condition involving defects in the mechanism that control breathing....more »
    539. Ondine's curse
     A condition involving defects in the mechanism that control breathing....more »
    540. Ophthalmoplegic Muscular dystrophy
     A rare disorder characterized by progressive weakness and wasting of the muscles around the eyes. Swallowing muscles may eventually become involved as well....more »
    541. Opitz G Syndrome
     A rare genetic disorder characterized by defects along the midline of the body. The type and severity of symptoms can vary considerably. There are two subtypes of the disorder: one is inherited in a X-linked manner and the other is inherited in an autosom...more »
    542. Opitz G/BBB Syndrome
     A rare genetic disorder characterized by defects along the midline of the body. The type and severity of symptoms can vary considerably. There are two subtypes of the disorder: one is inherited in a X-linked manner and the other is inherited in an autosom...more »
    543. Opitz G/BBB Syndrome, X-linked
     A rare genetic disorder characterized by defects along the midline of the body. The type and severity of symptoms can vary considerably. There are two subtypes of the disorder: type I is inherited in a X-linked manner and type II is inherited in an autoso...more »
    544. Opitz G/BBB Syndrome, type I
     A rare genetic disorder characterized by defects along the midline of the body. The type and severity of symptoms can vary considerably. There are two subtypes of the disorder: type I is inherited in a X-linked manner and type II is inherited in an autoso...more »
    545. Opitz G/BBB syndrome, Autosomal dominant
     A rare genetic disorder characterized by defects along the midline of the body. The type and severity of symptoms can vary considerably. There are two subtypes of the disorder: type I is inherited in a X-linked manner and type II is inherited in an autoso...more »
    546. Opitz syndrome , X-linked
     A congenital disorder characterized by distinctive facial features, genital abnormalities, esophageal defect and difficulty swallowing. Males are more severely affected than females....more »
    547. Oral cancer
     Cancer (malignant) of the lip or inside the mouth....more »
    548. Oral pharyngeal disorders
     Disorders involving the mouth and back of throat area including the pharynx. The disorder may include cancers, structural abnormalities, fungal disease, infections and inflammation. The type and severity of symptoms varies greatly depending on the type of...more »
    549. Oral submucous fibrosis
     A rare disorder involving inflammation and progressive fibrosis of tissues inside the mouth. The condition starts with redness, blistering and ulceration inside the mouth that is eventually replaced with stiff fibrous tissue as it heals. The inside of the...more »
    550. Oral thrush
     Candida fungal infection of the mouth....more »
    551. Oromandibular and Limb Hypogenesis Syndrome, Type I
     Oromandibular-limb hypogenesis syndrome is characterized by a spectrum of disorders which can be categorized into a number of subtypes. Type I involves only an underdeveloped or missing tongue....more »
    552. Oromandibular and Limb Hypogenesis Syndrome, Type II
     Oromandibular-limb hypogenesis syndrome is characterized by a spectrum of disorders which can be categorized into a number of subtypes. Type II involves an underdeveloped or missing tongue as well as missing digits or limb deficiencies....more »
    553. Oromandibular and Limb Hypogenesis Syndrome, Type V
     Oromandibular-limb hypogenesis syndrome is characterized by a spectrum of disorders which can be categorized into a number of subtypes. Type V involves an underdeveloped tongue as well as various other anomalies - syndromes such as Hanhart syndrome, Pierr...more »
    554. Oropharyngeal cancer
     Oropharyngeal cancer is a disease in which malignant (cancer) cells form in the tissues of the oropharynx. The oropharynx is the middle part of the pharynx (throat) behind the mouth, and includes the back one-third of the tongue, the soft palate, the side...more »
    555. Oropharyngeal cancer, adult
     Cancer of the back of the mouth which forms part of the throat including the back of the tongue, tonsils, part of the throat wall and soft palate (oropharynx)....more »
    556. Palate cancer
     Any cancer that is located anatomically on the palate of the mouth...more »
    557. Pallidopyramidal syndrome
     A rare disorder characterized by pyramidal signs and parkinsonism caused by a degeneration of the pyramidal tract and the part of the brain called the pallidum....more »
    558. Pancreatitis
     Inflammation of the pancreas causing digestive complaints....more »
    559. Paracoccidioidomycosis
     Infection by the fungus Paracoccidiodes brasiliensis which usually affects the lungs but can also involve the skin, mucous membranes, lymphatic system and other parts of the body....more »
    560. Paraganglioma
     A rare, usually benign tumor most often found in the abdomen, chest, head and neck areas. The tumor develops from glomus cells which are located along blood vessels involved in automatic body activities such as regulation of blood pressure and blood flow....more »
    561. Paraneoplastic limbic encephalitis
     Limbic encephalitis is an inflammation of the limbic system which is the part of the brain responsible for basic autonomic functions. In the paraneoplastic type, the inflammation is caused by cancers such as small cell lung cancer....more »
    562. Parathyroid cancer, adult
     A rare cancer that can occur in the parathyroid gland in adults. The parathyroid glands regulate body calcium levels so cancer of the gland upsets the body's calcium balance causing muscle, bone and other symptoms....more »
    563. Parkinson disease 10 (PARK10)
     Type 10 Parkinson disease is linked to a genetic mutation on chromosome 1p32. Parkinson's disease is a chronic, progressive, degenerative brain disorder characterized by tremors, muscle rigidity and slowed movements....more »
    564. Parkinson disease 11 (PARK11)
     Type 11 Parkinson disease is linked to a genetic mutation on chromosome 2q21.2. Parkinson's disease is a chronic, progressive, degenerative brain disorder characterized by tremors, muscle rigidity and slowed movements....more »
    565. Parkinson disease 12 (PARK12)
     Type 12 Parkinson disease is linked to a genetic mutation on chromosome Xq21-q25. Parkinson's disease is a chronic, progressive, degenerative brain disorder characterized by tremors, muscle rigidity and slowed movements....more »
    566. Parkinson disease 13 (PARK13)
     Type 13 Parkinson disease is linked to a genetic mutation on chromosome 2p12. This form of the condition tends to progress slowly. Parkinson's disease is a chronic, progressive, degenerative brain disorder characterized by tremors, muscle rigidity and slo...more »
    567. Parkinson disease 2, autosomal recessive juvenile (PARK2)
     Type 2 Parkinson disease is juvenile form of the condition and is linked to a genetic mutation on chromosome 6q25.2-q27. The condition may be inherited in a recessive manner and symptoms tend to be milder following sleep. Parkinson's disease is a chronic,...more »
    568. Parkinson disease 3
     A genetic form of Parkinson disease which involves progressive degeneration of the central nervous system....more »
    569. Parkinson disease 3, autosomal dominant Lewy body (PARK3)
     Type 3 Parkinson disease is linked to a genetic mutation on chromosome 2p13. Parkinson's disease is a chronic, progressive, degenerative brain disorder characterized by tremors, muscle rigidity and slowed movements....more »
    570. Parkinson disease 4, autosomal dominant Lewy body (PARK4)
     Type 4 Parkinson disease is linked to a genetic mutation on chromosome 4q21. This form of the condition tends to start around the age of 45 years and progresses rapidly. Parkinson's disease is a chronic, progressive, degenerative brain disorder characteri...more »
    571. Parkinson disease 5 (PARK5)
     Type 5 Parkinson disease is linked to a genetic mutation on chromosome 4p14. Parkinson's disease is a chronic, progressive, degenerative brain disorder characterized by tremors, muscle rigidity and slowed movements....more »
    572. Parkinson disease 6, autosomal recessive early-onset (PARK6)
     Type 6 Parkinson disease is an early-onset form of the condition and is linked to a genetic mutation on the PINK1 gene on chromosome 1p36. The condition may be inherited in a recessive manner and symptoms tend to fluctuate during the day. Parkinson's dise...more »
    573. Parkinson disease 7, autosomal recessive early-onset (PARK7)
     Type 7 Parkinson disease is linked to a genetic mutation in the DJ1 gene on chromosome 1p36. This form of the condition tends to start before the age of 40 years and progresses slowly. Parkinson's disease is a chronic, progressive, degenerative brain diso...more »
    574. Parkinson disease 8 (PARK8)
     Type 8 Parkinson disease is linked to a genetic mutation on chromosome 1p32. This form of the condition tends to progress slowly. Parkinson's disease is a chronic, progressive, degenerative brain disorder characterized by tremors, muscle rigidity and slow...more »
    575. Parkinson disease 9
     A genetic form of Parkinson disease (a progressive degeneration of the central nervous system) that progresses rapidly once it starts. Dementia, spasticity and eye movement problems are also characteristic of this form of Parkinson disease....more »
    576. Parkinson disease 9 (PARK9)
     Type 9 Parkinson disease is linked to a mutation in the ATP13A2 gene on chromosome 1p36. This condition progresses rapidly and usually starts during the second decade of life. Dementia, eye movement problems and wasting of the brain tissue occur in additi...more »
    577. Parkinson disease, familial, type 1 (PARK1)
     Type 1 familial Parkinson disease is linked to a genetic mutation on chromosome 4q21. Parkinson's disease is a chronic, progressive, degenerative brain disorder characterized by tremors, muscle rigidity and slowed movements....more »
    578. Parkinson disease, genetic types
     A type of Parkinson disease that results from a genetic anomaly. There are a more than ten different genes that can cause Parkinson disease....more »
    579. Parkinson's Disease
     Degenerative brain condition characterised by tremor....more »
    580. Penicillin-induced Immune Hemolytic Anemia
     Penicillin-induced immune hemolytic anemia is a condition where use of a medication called Penicillin triggers the body's immune system to destroy it's own red blood cells which results in anemia....more »
    581. Perinatal-lethal Gaucher disease
     A disorder caused by a deficiency of an enzyme called glucocerebrosidase. The foetal form is one of several forms of Gaucher disease and is the rarest. The fetal form causes death before birth or soon after....more »
    582. Perisylvian syndrome
     A very rare nerve disorder characterized by weakness or paralysis of face, jaw tongue and throat muscles. Other symptoms include seizures, delayed development and mental retardation....more »
    583. Pernicious anemia
     Pernicious anemia is a blood disorder where the body is unable to use it properly use Vitamin B12 to make red blood cells....more »
    584. Pharyngitis
     Inflammation or infection of the larynx in the throat...more »
    585. Pharynx cancer
     A condition that is characterised by a malignant lesion located in the pharynx...more »
    586. Pierre Robin's sequence
     A rare genetic disorder characterized by an underdeveloped jaw, cleft soft palate and abnormal tongue location....more »
    587. Plummer-Vinson syndrome
     A rare condition characterized by iron-deficiency anemia, nail abnormalities and dysphagia....more »
    588. Pneumonia, Aspiration
     Inflammation of the lungs and bronchioles caused by breathing in liquids and solids (usually the stomach contents)....more »
    589. Poikilocytic anemia
     Poikilocytic anemia refers a blood disorder characterized by abnormally shaped red blood cells. The abnormal red blood cells may be destroyed prematurely resulting in anemia. The severity of the anemia and hence the severity of symptoms is variable....more »
    590. Polio
     Dangerous virus now rare due to vaccination....more »
    591. Polyneuropathy -- Ophthalmoplegia -- Leukoencehalopathy -- Intestinal Pseudo-Obstruction
     A rare genetic disorder which affects a number of body systems and manifests results in symptoms such as droopy eyelids, progressive eye muscle weakness, gastrointestinal dysmotility, brain disease, thin body, peripheral neuropathy and muscle disease....more »
    592. Possible human carcinogenic exposure -- Zalcitabine
     Some evidence indicates that exposure to Zalcitabine has a possible link to an increased risk of developing cancer in humans. The carcinogenicity of the substance may be influenced by the duration and level of exposure. Zalcitabine has been used as an ant...more »
    593. Primary Autoimmune Hemolytic Anemia
     Primary autoimmune hemolytic anemia is characterized by an abnormal immune system response. The body's immune system produces antibodies against the body's own red blood cells which leads to the destruction of red blood cells and hence anemia. The seconda...more »
    594. Primary Cold Autoimmune Hemolytic Anemia
     Primary cold autoimmune hemolytic anemia is a condition where the body's immune system triggers the production of antibodies against the body's own red blood cells. The process occurs only when the patient is exposed to temperatures colder the average bod...more »
    595. Primary Parkinsonism
     A type of Parkinson disease that results from a genetic anomaly. There are a more than ten different genes that can cause Parkinson disease....more »
    596. Primary lateral sclerosis, adult
     A rare adult-onset genetic disorder characterized by increasing weakness and stiffness of the limb muscles due to damage to nerve cells that control motor movement....more »
    597. Prochlorperazine -- Teratogenic Agent
     There is evidence to indicate that exposure to Prochlorperazine during pregnancy may have a teratogenic effect on the fetus. A teratogen is a substance that can cause birth defects. The likelihood and severity of defects may be affected by the level of ex...more »
    598. Progeroid syndrome, neonatal
     A rare congenital condition characterized by poor growth, aged facial appearance, and mental retardation. Death occurs usually by 6 years of age....more »
    599. Progressive External Opthhalmoplegia, Autosomal Dominant
     A slow progressive paralysis of the motor nerves of the eye (external eye muscles). The condition is often abbreviated to PEO which can include the eye muscles. PEO is usually caused by mitochondrial diseases such as mitochondrial myopathy. Muscles are th...more »
    600. Progressive External Opthhalmoplegia, Autosomal Dominant, 1
     A slow progressive paralysis of the motor nerves of the eye (external eye muscles). The condition is often abbreviated to PEO and is caused by a mitochondrial disease called mitochondrial myopathy which affects the muscles which can include the eye muscle...more »
    601. Progressive Spinobulbar muscular atrophy
     Genetic disease affecting nerves and muscles...more »
    602. Progressive Supranuclear Palsy
     A disorder characterized by reduced motor control, dementia and eye movement problems....more »
    603. Proximal spinal muscular atrophy, Adult, autosomal recessive
     A rare, progressive neuro-muscular disease that occurs in adults. Nerve cells in the spinal cord are impaired resulting in loss of voluntary muscle control in various parts of the body. The lack of use of the muscle results in atrophy or weakness. Progres...more »
    604. Proximal spinal muscular atrophy, type 4
     A rare, progressive neuro-muscular disease that occurs in adults. Nerve cells in the spinal cord are impaired resulting in loss of voluntary muscle control in various parts of the body. The lack of use of the muscle results in atrophy or weakness. Progres...more »
    605. Proximal spinal muscular atrophy, type IV
     A rare, progressive neuro-muscular disease that occurs in adults. Nerve cells in the spinal cord are impaired resulting in loss of voluntary muscle control in various parts of the body. The lack of use of the muscle results in atrophy or weakness. Progres...more »
    606. Pseudoadrenoleukodystrophy
     A rare disorder where an enzyme deficiency (Acyl-CoA Oxidase) results in symptoms such as seizures, apnea, delayed psychomotor retardation and neurological deterioration....more »
    607. Pyridoxine deficiency-induced Sideroblastic anemia
     Pyridoxine deficiency-induced sideroblastic anemia is a blood disorder caused insufficient quantities of pyridoxine. The body has sufficient iron levels but is unable to utilise it properly in red blood cells due to the lack of pyridoxine. The iron become...more »
    608. Pyrosis
     A condition which is characterized by chest pain and a burning like sensation after the consumption of food...more »
    609. Quinidine-induced Immune Hemolytic Anemia
     Quinidine-induced immune hemolytic anemia is a condition where use of a medication called Methyldopa triggers the body's immune system to destroy it's own red blood cells which results in anemia....more »
    610. Quinsy
     Tonsil abscess...more »
    611. REST syndrome
     A condition that is similar to CREST syndrome but doesn't include calcinosis. The disorder affects the skin, blood vessels and digestive tract....more »
    612. Rabies
     An infectious disease that can affect any mammal including humans and is transmitted through the saliva of an infected animal. The infectious agent is the Neurotropic lyssavirus which affects the salivary gland and also causes neurological symptoms....more »
    613. Respiratory tract infections
    614. Retropharyngeal abscess
     An abscess (pus-filled cavity) in the back of the throat. Prompt treatment is needed to avoid obstruction of airways and other complications including death....more »
    615. Riedel syndrome
     A rare condition that occurs when fibrous tissue forms in the thyroid area and progressively destroys the thyroid gland....more »
    616. Right parietal lobe syndrome related Alzheimer's disease
     Right parietal lobe syndrome related Alzheimer's disease is a variant of Alzheimer's disease that involves abnormalities in a particular part of the brain. It is characterized by Alzheimer's symptoms as well as problems with such things as construction (m...more »
    617. Salivary gland cancer
     Salivary gland cancer is a rare form of cancer in which malignant (cancer) cells form in the tissues of the salivary glands in the mouth, neck or throat...more »
    618. Salivary gland cancer, adult
     Cancer of the salivary glands in adults. Salivary glands are glands that produce saliva to facilitate the process of chewing, swallowing and digesting food....more »
    619. Schatzki ring
     Ring-like constriction of the lower part of the esophagus which can cause swallowing problems....more »
    620. Scleroderma
     A rare, progressive connective tissue disorder involving thickening and hardening of the skin and connective tissue. There are a number of forms of scleroderma with some forms being systemic (involving internal organs)....more »
    621. Scleroderma, systemic
     A rare autoimmune connective tissue disease where the body attacks parts of the body and causes scarring and thickness of the tissue. In the systemic form, the skin and organs are involved....more »
    622. Seafood allergy
     A seafood allergy is an adverse reaction by the body's immune system to seafood or food containing seafood. The specific symptoms that can result can vary considerably amongst patients from a severe anaphylactic reaction to asthma, abdominal symptoms, ecz...more »
    623. Secondary Autoimmune Hemolytic Anemia
     Secondary autoimmune hemolytic anemia is characterized by an abnormal immune system response. The body's immune system produces antibodies against the body's own red blood cells which leads to the destruction of red blood cells and hence anemia. The secon...more »
    624. Secondary Cold Autoimmune Hemolytic Anemia
     Secondary cold autoimmune hemolytic anemia is a condition where the body's immune system triggers the production of antibodies against the body's own red blood cells. The process occurs only when the patient is exposed to temperatures colder the average b...more »
    625. Sensory ataxic neuropathy, dysarthria, and ophthalmoparesis
     A very rare syndrome characterized by progressive ataxia, eye muscle problems and a speech disorder (dysarthria)....more »
    626. Serratia respiratory tract infection
     Respiratory tract infection caused by bacteria from the Serratia genus. These bacteria are a rare cause of infection....more »
    627. Sickle Cell Anemia
     Sickle cell anemia is an inherited blood disorder characterized by red blood cells which are crescent-shaped rather than the normal doughnut shape. These abnormally shaped red blood cells are unable to function normally and tend to undergo premature destr...more »
    628. Sideroblastic anemia
     Sideroblastic anemia is a blood disorder where the body has sufficient iron levels but is unable to utilise it properly in red blood cells. The iron becomes abnormally deposited in red blood cells which make them unable to function properly. The condition...more »
    629. Sideropenic anemia
     Sideropenic anemia is a blood abnormality characterized by reduced iron levels in the plasma. It is a very common form of anemia....more »
    630. Sjogren's Syndrome
     Autoimmune disease damaging the eye tear ducts and other glands....more »
    631. Skeletal dysplasia -- mental retardation
     A rare recessively inherited disorder characterized mainly by mental retardation, a small head, arthrogryposis (joint contractures), cleft palate and various other abnormalities....more »
    632. Small Cell Lung Cancer
     Small cell lung cancer is a cancer of the small cells which make up some of the lung tissue. It tends to be a more aggressive cancer than large cell lung cancer and can metastasize to other parts of the body. This type of cancer nearly always occurs in a ...more »
    633. Sore Throat
    634. Southwestern Athabaskan genetic diseases
     A group of four genetic diseases that are unique to the Navajo and Apache (Southwestern Athabaskan) populations. The disease are Athabaskan severe combined immunodeficiency, Navajo neurohepatopathy, Navajo poikiloderma and Athabaskan brainstem dysgenesis....more »
    635. Spastic paraparesis
     A rare disorder where parts of the body develop spasticity and weakness. Usually the limbs are involved. The disorder is usually an inherited condition....more »
    636. Spastic paraplegia 11, autosomal recessive
     A rare genetic disorder characterized by progressive spasticity and weakness of the lower legs as well as mental retardation....more »
    637. Spherocytic anemia
     Spherocytic anemia is a blood disorder characterized by red blood cells that are shaped like a sphere (spherocytes) rather than the normal doughnut shape. These abnormal cells are broken down prematurely resulting in a shortage of red blood cells (anemia)...more »
    638. Spinal Muscular Atrophy type I
     Type of SMA, a genetic motor neuron disease affecting nerves and muscles....more »
    639. Spinal bulbar motor neuropathy
     A rare inherited disease that affects the nerves in the spine and in the bulbous (bulbar) part of the brain stem. The main signs are muscle weakness and wasting....more »
    640. Spinal muscular atrophy, Adult form
     A rare, progressive neuro-muscular disease that occurs in adults. Nerve cells in the spinal cord are impaired resulting in loss of voluntary muscle control in various parts of the body. The lack of use of the muscle results in atrophy or weakness. Progres...more »
    641. Spinocerebellar ataxia 17
     A rare genetic disorder (chromosome 6q27 defect) characterized by . Gait ataxia and dysarthria (speech disorder) also occur and are symptoms common to all the spinocerebellar ataxia types....more »
    642. Spinocerebellar ataxia 19
     A rare genetic disorder (chromosome 1p21-q21 defect) characterized by mild cognitive impairment and myoclonus. Gait ataxia and dysarthria (speech disorder) also occur and are symptoms common to all the spinocerebellar ataxia types....more »
    643. Spinocerebellar ataxia with axonal neuropathy, type 2
     A neurological disorder characterized by progressive ataxia, tremor and muscle weakness and wasting. The rate of progression and severity is variable with some needing wheelchairs in their second decade and others still capable of some walking in their 4t...more »
    644. Spinocerebellar ataxia, autosomal recessive 1
     A neurological disorder characterized by progressive ataxia, tremor and muscle weakness and wasting. The rate of progression and severity is variable with some needing wheelchairs in their second decade and others still capable of some walking in their 4t...more »
    645. Sprue
     Malabsorption digestive syndrome...more »
    646. Stomach cancer
     Stomach or gastric cancer can develop in any part of the stomach and may spread throughout the stomach and to other organs...more »
    647. Stomach cancer, familial
     Cancer of the stomach that tends to run in families....more »
    648. Strep throat
     Streptococcal bacterial throat infection....more »
    649. Striatonigral degeneration infantile
     A genetic neurological disorder caused by progressive damage to a part of the brain called the striatum....more »
    650. Striped Blister Beetle poisoning
     The striped blister beetle is native to many parts of America and Canada. Animals that accidentally eat the beetles can become quite ill and they can also cause symptoms in humans if accidentally ingested. The beetles contain toxic substances called canth...more »
    651. Stroke
     Serious brain event from bleeding or blood clots....more »
    652. Stuve-Wiedemann dysplasia
     A rare syndrome characterized mainly by short stature, bowed long bones and permanent flexion of fingers....more »
    653. Stuve-Wiedemann syndrome
     A rare syndrome characterized mainly by short stature, bowed long bones and permanent flexion of fingers....more »
    654. Subacute granulomatous thyroiditis
     Subacute thyroiditis is a self-limited thyroid condition associated with a triphasic clinical course of hyperthyroidism, hypothyroidism, and return to normal thyroid function....more »
    655. Sudden Infant Death Syndrome
     SIDS is a syndrome marked by the symptoms of sudden and unexplained death of an apparently healthy infant aged one month to one year....more »
    656. Sulphonamide -induced Immune Hemolytic Anemia
     Sulphonamide-induced immune hemolytic anemia is a condition where use of a medication called Methyldopa triggers the body's immune system to destroy it's own red blood cells which results in anemia....more »
    657. Superior vena cava syndrome
     A condition caused by compression or obstruction to the normal circulation of the superior vena cava which carries deoxygenated blood from the body tissues back to the heart....more »
    658. Supraglottic laryngeal cancer
     Cancer that arises in the tissue above the vocal cords....more »
    659. Swallowing Difficulty
    660. Tacrolimus -- Teratogenic Agent
     There is evidence to indicate that exposure to Tacrolimus during pregnancy may have a teratogenic effect on the fetus. A teratogen is a substance that can cause birth defects. The likelihood and severity of defects may be affected by the level of exposure...more »
    661. Tay Sachs
     Rare genetic disease leading to fatty deposits in the brain....more »
    662. Tetanus
     A disease caused by chemicals which are produced by a bacterium (clostridium tetani) and are toxic to the nerves. The infection usually occurs when the bacteria enter the body through a deep wound - these bacteria are anaerobic and hence don't need oxygen...more »
    663. Tetrahydrobiopterin Deficiency
     A condition which is characterized by a deficiency of tetrahydrobiopterin...more »
    664. Tetrahydrobiopterin deficiencies
     A rare genetic disorder where insufficient levels of tetrahydropterin leads to a build up of phenylalanine in the blood which can cause toxic side effects such as nerve damage or even brain damage. The condition does not usually cause any significant symp...more »
    665. Thymic epithelial tumor
     A tumor that develops in the outer layers (epithelial) layers of the thymus. The tumor may be malignant or benign. The thymus produces white blood cells....more »
    666. Thyroglossal tract cyst
     A rare condition where a soft, slow-growing growth develops at the front of the neck. It occurs as an abnormal growth that develops from thyroid tissue that is left over from fetal development....more »
    667. Thyroid cancer
     Cancer of the thyroid gland....more »
    668. Thyroid cancer, Hurthle cell
     A rare form of cancer that originates in the thyroid gland. This cancer is characterized by the abnormal presence of Hurthle cells which may signify benign or malignant thyroid cancer. The cancer usually responds well to treatment if detected in the earli...more »
    669. Thyroid cancer, anaplastic
     A thyroid gland cancer that is quite aggressive and metastasizes to other parts of the body....more »
    670. Thyroid cancer, follicular
     A usually slow-growing cancer of the thyroid gland which is rarely fatal. The cancer develops from cells in the thyroid that produce iodine-containing hormones. This type of cancer usually responds well to treatment....more »
    671. Thyroid cancer, medullary
     Cancer of the thyroid gland. The cancer develops from the parafollicular cells or in the thyroid gland which produced calcitonin. This type of cancer does not respond to treatment as well as papillary or follicular thyroid cancer. This form of thyroid can...more »
    672. Thyroid cancer, papillary
     A usually slow-growing cancer of the thyroid gland which is rarely fatal. The cancer develops from cells in the thyroid that produce iodine-containing hormones. This type of cancer usually responds well to treatment....more »
    673. Thyroid hormone plasma membrane transport defect
     Thyroid problems caused by a defect in the transport of a thyroid hormone called T4 (thyroxine) within the body. The thyroid produces excessive hormones to try to compensate for that inability of the body to utilize the hormone....more »
    674. Tongue Cancer
     The majority of tongue cancers are squamous cell carcinomas. These arise from the lining that covers the muscles of the tongue...more »
    675. Tongue Conditions
     Any condition that affects the tongue...more »
    676. Tonsil cancer
     A disorder characterised by malignancy that is located on the tonsils...more »
    677. Tonsil disorders
     Any disorder that occurs on the tonsil...more »
    678. Tonsilitis
     Inflammation of the tonsils in the throat....more »
    679. Toxin-induced Sideroblastic anemia
     Toxin-induced sideroblastic anemia is a blood disorder caused by toxins such as lead or zinc poisoning. The body has sufficient iron levels but is unable to utilise it properly in red blood cells. The iron becomes abnormally deposited in red blood cells w...more »
    680. Trichinosis
     Worm infection usually caught from pigs...more »
    681. Type 2 diabetes
     Most common diabetes in adults, usually progressing slowly, mostly treated without insulin at diagnosis....more »
    682. Type II Glycogen Storage Disease
     A condition which is characterized by a disease affecting glycogen storage...more »
    683. Vagal Paraganglioma
     A rare, usually benign tumor found in the neck. The tumor develops from glomus cells which are located along blood vessels involved in automatic body activities such as regulation of blood pressure and blood flow....more »
    684. Vitamin B12 Deficiency
     A deficiency of Vitamin B12 primarily causes anemias the body is unable to make sufficient quantities of normal red blood cells. Severe cases can lead to permanent nervous system problems. The vitamin B12 deficiency can result from absorption problems, in...more »
    685. Vocal Cord Paralysis
     A voice disorder caused by the impaired ability of the vocal cords to close and open. The condition may be caused by trauma, accidental injury during surgery, tumor, viral infections. One or both vocal cords may be affected....more »
    686. Vocal cord carcinoma
     A cancer that occurs in the vocal cords. Predisposing factors for this type of cancer include smoking, chemicals, environmental irritants and metabolic problems....more »
    687. Wallenberg's Syndrome
     A rare neurological condition caused by a stroke (involving the cerebellar artery) and resulting in symptoms such as facial paralysis or weakness on one side of body....more »
    688. Warm Autoimmune Hemolytic Anemia
     Warm autoimmune hemolytic anemia is a condition where the body's immune system triggers the production of antibodies against the body's own red blood cells. The red cells are destroyed at an abnormally rapid rate which leads to anemia. Warm haemolytic ane...more »
    689. Whistling face syndrome, recessive form
     A rare, recessively inherited syndrome characterized mainly by a characteristic "whistling" face and hand anomalies. The range of symptoms are variable....more »
    690. White snakeroot poisoning
     White snakeroot is a herbaceous plant which is found mainly growing in the wild in the US and has round clusters of small white flowers. The plant contains a chemical called tremetol which can cause gastrointestinal symptoms in people who drink the raw mi...more »
    691. Wilson's Disease
     Wilson disease, or hepatolenticular degeneration, is a neurodegenerative disease of copper metabolism....more »
    692. Wolfram Syndrome 2
     Wolfram Syndrome is a condition characterized by the association of diabetes insipidus, diabetes mellitus, optic atrophy and deafness. Type 2 is the result of a genetic defect and is similar to type 1 but there is no diabetes insipidus and patients tend t...more »
    693. X-linked sideroblastic anaemia
    694. X-linked sideroblastic anemia
     X-linked sideroblastic anemia is a rare inherited blood disorder characterized by abnormal deposits of iron in the red blood cells which makes them unable to function properly. The body continues to absorb more iron from digesting food in order to try and...more »
    695. Xerostomia
     A medical term for a dry mouth due to insufficient saliva. There are numerous causes of a dry mouth including medications and nerve damage....more »
    696. Zellweger Syndrome
     Zellweger spectrum disorders are a group of rare, genetic, multisystem disorders that were once thought to be separate entities. These disorders are now classified as different expressions (variants) of one disease process. Collectively, they form a spect...more »
    697. Zenker's diverticulum
     Zenker's diverticulum, is a diverticulum of the mucosa of the pharynx, just above the cricopharyngeal muscle....more »

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