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Symptom Checker » Diffuse myalgia » Hyperreflexia
 

Diffuse myalgia and Hyperreflexia
Symptom Checker

Results: Causes of Diffuse myalgia AND Hyperreflexia

Note: Do not use for diagnosis; see limitations of results.

Results: 193 causes of Diffuse myalgia OR Hyperreflexia

    1. Acute Disseminated Encephalomyelitis
     A rare neurological disorder where an inflammation of the brain and spinal cord occurs due to damage to the protective covering (myelin sheath) around the nerves....more »
    2. Acute Pesticide poisoning -- xylene
     Xylene is an ingredient used in certain insecticides. Exposure to the chemical can cause a range of symptoms depending on the level and route of exposure. Exposure can occur through inhalation, ingestion, the skin or eyes. Acute exposure involves a exposu...more »
    3. Adrenal medulla neoplasm
     A tumor that develops in the part of the adrenal gland called the medulla which produces adrenalin and noradrenaline. The tumor is usually benign but can be malignant....more »
    4. Amitriptyline toxicity
     The toxic reaction of the body to the substance, possibly via allergic reaction or overdose....more »
    5. Amoxapine toxicity
     The toxic reaction of the body to the substance, possibly via allergic reaction or overdose....more »
    6. Amyotrophic lateral sclerosis 2, juvenile
     An inherited disorder involving progressive degeneration of motor neurons which results in muscle weakness and wasting. Type 2 is caused by a defect on chromosome 2q33....more »
    7. Amyotrophic lateral sclerosis 3
     An inherited disorder involving progressive degeneration of motor neurons which results in muscle weakness and wasting. Type 3 is caused by a defect on chromosome 18q21....more »
    8. Amyotrophic lateral sclerosis 4, juvenile
     An inherited disorder involving progressive degeneration of motor neurons which results in muscle weakness and wasting. Type 4 is caused by a defect on chromosome 9q34....more »
    9. Amyotrophic lateral sclerosis 5
     An inherited disorder involving progressive degeneration of motor neurons which results in muscle weakness and wasting. Type 5 is caused by a defect on chromosome 15q15.1-q21.1....more »
    10. Amyotrophic lateral sclerosis 6
     An inherited disorder involving progressive degeneration of motor neurons which results in muscle weakness and wasting. Type 6 is caused by a defect on chromosome 16q12....more »
    11. Amyotrophic lateral sclerosis 7
     An inherited disorder involving progressive degeneration of motor neurons which results in muscle weakness and wasting. Type 7 is caused by a defect on chromosome 20p13....more »
    12. Amyotrophic lateral sclerosis 8
     An inherited disorder involving progressive degeneration of motor neurons which results in muscle weakness and wasting. Type 9 is caused by a defect on chromosome 20q13.3 and is a dominantly inherited, late-onset form....more »
    13. Amyotrophic lateral sclerosis, 11
     An inherited progressive disease where destruction of motor nerves in the spinal cord and brain stem cause progressive muscle weakness and wasting. Type 11 is differentiated by the origin of the genetic defect involved (6q21)....more »
    14. Amyotrophic lateral sclerosis, type 6
     An inherited disorder involving progressive degeneration of motor neurons which results in muscle weakness and wasting. Type 6 is caused by a defect on chromosome 16q12....more »
    15. Angelman syndrome
     A rare genetic disorder characterized by a puppet-like gait, fits of laughter and characteristic facial features....more »
    16. Anxiety
     A feeling of apprehension, and fear without apparent stimulus that is associated sometime with somatic responses...more »
    17. Arizona Bark Scorpion poisoning
     A bite from the Arizona Bark scorpion contains chemicals toxic to the nerve system and can cause serious, life-threatening symptoms....more »
    18. Arthrogryposis, congenital -- myopathic seizures
     A rare syndrome characterized by mental retardation and muscle problems....more »
    19. Ataxia spastic congenital miosis
     A rare, dominantly inherited disorder characterized mainly by ataxia, spasticity and small pupils that respond poorly to light....more »
    20. Ataxia, Hereditary, Autosomal Dominant
     A group of rare, dominantly inherited neuromuscular disorder involving degeneration of the brain and spinal cord. The range, progression and severity of symptoms can vary quite considerably depending on the genetic defect involved....more »
    21. Ataxia, spastic, 3, autosomal recessive
     A recessively inherited disorder characterized mainly by spasticity and ataxia....more »
    22. Autosomal recessive spastic paraplegia, type 11
    23. Bahemuka Brown syndrome
     A very rare syndrome characterized by spastic paraplegia and skin pigmentation irregularities....more »
    24. Baraitser Brett Piesowicz syndrome
     A very rare syndrome characterized by a small head and calcification in the brain....more »
    25. Bickerstaff's brainstem encephalitis
     A rare condition where inflammation of the brainstem results in various symptoms such as ataxia and ophthalmoplegia. The onset of symptoms is usually acute....more »
    26. Bickerstaff's brainstem encephalitis (BBE)
     A rare condition where inflammation of the brainstem results in various symptoms such as ataxia and ophthalmoplegia. The onset of symptoms is usually acute....more »
    27. Black widow spider envenomation
     The black widow spider bite is toxic to the nerves and can cause serious symptoms. The black widow spider is most commonly found in North America....more »
    28. Brain cancer
     Cancer of the brain....more »
    29. Cerebellar ataxia -- ectodermal dysplasia
     A rare syndrome characterized by balance and coordination problems and teeth and hair abnormalities....more »
    30. Cerebellar ataxia, X-linked
     A disorder where degeneration of certain parts of the brain results in symptoms such as ataxia. The rate of progression can vary....more »
    31. Cerebral Autosomal Recessive Arteriopathy with Subcortical Infarcts and Leukoencephalopathy
     A rare inherited condition characterized primarily by progressive degeneration of the brain white matter and disease of the brain blood vessels as well as additional symptoms not involving the brain e.g. thin skin, alopecia and spinal disc disease....more »
    32. Cerebral Palsy, Spastic Quadriplegic, 1
     Spastic quadriplegic cerebral palsy is a motor disorder (affects the muscles and movement) resulting from an injury to the brain. The main symptoms are spasticity, paralysis, poor muscle control and other neurological problems. Type 1 refers to a developm...more »
    33. Cerebral Palsy, Spastic Quadriplegic, 2
     Spastic quadriplegic cerebral palsy is a motor disorder (affects the muscles and movement) resulting from an injury to the brain. The main symptoms are spasticity, paralysis, poor muscle control and other neurological problems. Type 2 refers to a developm...more »
    34. Cerebral Palsy, Spastic Quadriplegic, 3
     Spastic quadriplegic cerebral palsy is a motor disorder (affects the muscles and movement) resulting from an injury to the brain. The main symptoms are spasticity, paralysis, poor muscle control and other neurological problems. Type 3 refers to a developm...more »
    35. Cerebro oculo skeleto renal syndrome
     A very rare syndrome characterized mainly by brain, eye, skeletal and kidney abnormalities....more »
    36. Charcot-Marie-Tooth disease with ptosis and parkinsonism
     CMT is an inherited neurological disease characterized by the gradual degeneration of nerves which starts in the hands and feet and results in progressive numbness, muscle weakness and loss of function. This particular type of CMT also involves a drooping...more »
    37. Chemical poisoning -- Ammonium Bifluoride
     Ammonium Bifluoride is a chemical used wheel cleaners, herbicides and in the manufacture of magnesium. The type and severity of symptoms varies depending on the amount of chemical involved and the nature of the exposure....more »
    38. Chemical poisoning -- Fluoridated toothpaste
     Fluoridated toothpaste contains fluoride and various other chemicals which can cause serious symptoms if sufficient quantities are swallowed. As little as half a tube of children's paste can cause death in a 2 year old child and a whole tube can cause dea...more »
    39. Chemical poisoning -- Lysergic Acid Diethylamide
     Lysergic Acid Diethylamide is a hallucinogenic drug which is often misused. Ingestion and other exposures to the chemical can cause various symptoms. The type and severity of symptoms varies depending on the amount of chemical involved and the nature of t...more »
    40. Chemical poisoning -- Metaldehyde
     Metaldehyde is a chemical used mainly as a molluscicide, in heating fuel and in fire lighters. Ingestion and other exposures to the chemical can cause various symptoms. The type and severity of symptoms varies depending on the amount of chemical involved ...more »
    41. Chikungunya
     A rare viral disease usually transmitted by mosquitoes and characterized by fever, rash and severe arthritis....more »
    42. Choreoathetosis-spasticity, episodic
     A dominantly inherited movement disorder characterized by episodes of involuntary movments. Symptom episodes are often triggered by fatigue, alcohol, physical exertion and stress....more »
    43. Choroido cerebral calcification syndrome infantile form
     A rare syndrome characterized by abnormal calcification in part of the brain and mental retardation....more »
    44. Chromosome 1, 1p36 deletion syndrome
     A rare chromosomal disorder where deletion of a portion of chromosome 1 causes various abnormalities such as heart problems, mental retardation, developmental delay, facial dysmorphism and short stature. The symptoms are variable depending on the exact lo...more »
    45. Chromosome 18, Tetrasomy 18p
     A rare chromosomal disorder where there are four copies of short arm of chromosome 18 instead of the normal two which results in various genital, kidney, digital, head and face abnormalities....more »
    46. Chromosome 21 monosomy
     A rare chromosomal disorder where there is only one copy of chromosome 21 instead of the normal two leading to various abnormalities....more »
    47. Chromosome 9, trisomy 9q
     A very rare genetic disorder where a portion of the genetic material on the long arm (q) of chromosome 9 is duplicated which results in various abnormalities. The type and severity of symptoms varies depending on the size and location of the genetic mater...more »
    48. Chromosome 9q duplication
     A very rare genetic disorder where a portion of the genetic material on the long arm (q) of chromosome 9 is duplicated which results in various abnormalities. The type and severity of symptoms varies depending on the size and location of the genetic mater...more »
    49. Chromosome 9q duplication syndrome
     A rare chromosomal disorder involving duplication of the long arm (q) of chromosome 9 resulting in various abnormalities....more »
    50. Chronic Fatigue Syndrome
     Severe chronic fatigue disorder often following infection....more »
    51. Clomipramine Toxicity
     The toxic reaction of the body to the substance, possibly via allergic reaction or overdose....more »
    52. Coenzyme Q 10 (CoQ10), deficiency
     A rare inherited disorder characterized by the deficiency of Coenzyme Q 10. The range and severity of symptoms is variable....more »
    53. Congenital ichthyosis, microcephalus, quadriplegia
     A rare birth disorder characterized by scaly skin, small head and paralysis of legs and arms....more »
    54. De Barsy Syndrome
     A rare inherited disorder characterized by loose, inelastic skin, involuntary limb movements, cloudy corneas and other abnormalities....more »
    55. Depression
     Various syndromes with excessive anxiety, phobias, or fear....more »
    56. Dermatoleukodystrophy
     A very rare progressive brain disease associated with thick wrinkled skin. Only two reported cases with both dying within three years of birth....more »
    57. Desipramine toxicity
     The toxic reaction of the body to the substance, possibly via allergic reaction or overdose....more »
    58. Dexedrine overdose
     Dexedrine is a prescription drug mainly used to treat attention deficit hyperactivity disorder and narcolepsy. Excessive doses of the drug can result in various symptoms and even death in severe cases....more »
    59. Dihydropyrimidine dehydrogenase deficiency
     A metabolic error where a deficiency of an enzyme called dihydropyrimidine dehydrogenase prevents the normal metabolism of certain proteins. High levels of certain proteins are excreted in the urine. The enzyme is also needed the breakdown a chemotherapy ...more »
    60. Diomedi-Bernardi-Placidi syndrome
     A very rare syndrome characterized mainly by epilepsy, mental retardation and progressive leg weakness and spasticity....more »
    61. Doxepin toxicity
     The toxic reaction of the body to the substance, possibly via allergic reaction or overdose....more »
    62. Dysequilibrium syndrome
     A very rare syndrome characterized mainly by mental retardation and nonprogressive incoordination....more »
    63. Dysmorphism -- cleft palate -- loose skin
     A very rare syndrome characterized mainly by facial abnormalities, an opening in the roof of the mouth and loose skin....more »
    64. Dystonia with cerebellar atrophy
     A recessively inherited movement disorder (dystonia) which responds poorly to Levodopa treatment and involves wasting of part of the brain....more »
    65. Electrolyte abnormality
     An imbalance in the level of any of a number of chemicals (electrolytes) in the blood stream e.g. chloride, sodium, magnesium, potassium, calcium, phosphate and bicarbonate. Symptoms can vary depending on which electrolyte is involved and the severity of ...more »
    66. Encephalopathy progressive -- optic atrophy
     A rare birth disorder characterized by progressive brain disease, facial anomalies and eye problems....more »
    67. Epileptic encephalopathy, early infantile, 1
     A genetic form of epilepsy which is severe and starts during infancy. This form of the condition is caused by a defect on the ARX gene....more »
    68. Fanconi's syndrome
    69. Fara-Chlupackova syndrome
     A rare syndrome characterized mainly by ear, face and neck abnormalities....more »
    70. Fitzsimmons-McLachlan-Gilbert syndrome
     A very rare syndrome characterized mainly by mental retardation paraplegia and thickened coarse skin on palms and soles....more »
    71. Fitzsimmons-Walson-Mellor syndrome
     A very rare syndrome characterized mainly by spastic paraplegia, progressive kidney disease and deafness....more »
    72. Friedreich ataxia
     A progressive inherited neuromuscular disorder involving slow degeneration of the spinal cord and brain....more »
    73. Fryns macrocephaly
     A rare syndrome characterized by a large head, seizures, spasticity, weakness and unusual facial appearance....more »
    74. GM1 gangliosidosis
     A rare biochemical disorder involving a deficiency of an enzyme (beta-galactosidase A) which results in the accumulation of harmful chemicals (GM1 gangliosides) in the central nervous system and other body tissues. Type 1 is a severe infantile form of the...more »
    75. Gangliosidosis generalized GM1, type 1
     A rare biochemical disorder involving a deficiency of an enzyme (beta-galactosidase A) which results in the accumulation of harmful chemicals (GM1 gangliosides) in the central nervous system and other body tissues. Type 1 is a severe infantile form of the...more »
    76. Gaucher Disease
     A rare inherited biochemical disorder characterized by the deficiency of the enzyme called glucocerebrosidase and accumulation of glycosylceramide (glucocerebroside). There are three forms of this disease: type 1, 2 and 3....more »
    77. Gaucher disease type 2
     A rare inherited biochemical disorder characterized by the deficiency of the enzyme called glucocerebrosidase and accumulation of glycosylceramide (glucocerebroside). There are three forms of this disease: type 1, 2 and 3. Type 2 is acute neurological for...more »
    78. Glucose transport defect, blood-brain barrier
     A rare metabolic disorder involving a deficiency of a molecule needed to transport glucose (GLUT1). The glucose is unable to be transported from the blood and into the brain and cerebrospinal fluid. Sugar transport to the brain is essential for normal dev...more »
    79. Glut-1 Deficiency Syndrome
     A condition which is characterized by a deficiency of the GLUT-1 transported of cells...more »
    80. Guam disease
     A nerve degeneration disorder that occurs particularly in Guam and involves progressive dementia and parkinsonism which ultimately leads to death....more »
    81. HIV/AIDS
     HIV is a sexually transmitted virus and AIDS is the progressive immune failure that HIV causes....more »
    82. Haas-Robinson syndrome
     A rare, recessively inherited disorder involving defective copper metabolism within the body which causes symptoms such as mental retardation, seizures and poor muscle tone....more »
    83. Hartnup Disease
     A rare metabolic disorder involving an error in the transport of neutral amino acid and characterized by mental retardation, rash due to light sensitivity and cerebellar ataxia....more »
    84. Head injury
     An injury to the head...more »
    85. Holoprosencephaly deletion 2p
     A very rare syndrome characterized mainly by the failure of the brain to separate into two lobes, facial deformities and various other anomalies....more »
    86. Hyperexplexia
     A rare condition where the startle reflex is exaggerated. Triggers include sudden noise, movement or touch....more »
    87. Hypernatraemia
    88. Hypomyelination and congenital cataract
     An inherited disorder characterized by congenital cataract and progressive neurological impairment due to reduced myelination of nerves....more »
    89. Idiopathic myopathy
     A rare condition involving inflammation of the skeletal muscles which become weak and wasted....more »
    90. Imipramine toxicity
     The toxic reaction of the body to the substance, possibly via allergic reaction or overdose....more »
    91. Joint Pain
    92. Kwashiorkor
     A malnutrition state that is produced by severe protein deficiency...more »
    93. Lesch-Nyhan syndrome
     Inherited biochemical disorder of purine metabolism caused by the virtual absence of an enzyme called hypoxanthine-guanine phosphoribosyltransferase or HPRT....more »
    94. Leukoencephalopathy -- metaphyseal chondrodysplasia
     A rare syndrome characterized by brain disease and abnormal skeletal development....more »
    95. Lymphocytic Choriomeningitis
     Rodent-borne viral disease often causing meningitis or encephalitis...more »
    96. Macrogyria, pseudobulbar palsy and mental retardation
     A very rare syndrome characterized mainly by abnormal brain development which results in mild mental retardation, epilepsy, developmental delay and pseudobulbar palsy which affects speech, chewing and swallowing functions....more »
    97. Malaria
     A parasitic disease transmitted through mosquito bites....more »
    98. Mental Retardation, Joint Hypermobility With or without Metabolic Abnormalities
     A rare syndrome observed in a small number of patients and characterized by the association of mental retardation, loose joints. Metabolic abnormalities occur in only some patients....more »
    99. Mental retardation -- short stature -- deafness -- genital
     A very rare syndrome characterized mainly by mental retardation, short stature, deafness and genital abnormalities....more »
    100. Mental retardation -- spasticity -- ectrodactyly
     A very rare syndrome characterized mainly by mental retardation, spasticity and a cleft hand. In the reported case, the parents came from the same bloodline....more »
    101. Mental retardation, Smith-Fineman-Myers type
     A rare inherited disorder characterized mainly by mental retardation and low facial muscle tone....more »
    102. Mescal poisoning
     The Mescal is a small rounded cactus which has no spines but has tufts of hairs and a flower in the centre. The plant is grown for use as a narcotic in some parts of the world due to its hallucinogenic effect. All above-ground parts of the plant contain t...more »
    103. Methylmalonic aciduria -- microcephaly -- cataract
     A very rare syndrome characterized mainly by excess methylmalonic acid in the urine, small head and cataracts....more »
    104. Microcephaly -- cervical spine fusion anomalies
     A very rare syndrome characterized mainly by a small head and fused neck vertebrae....more »
    105. Migraine with or without aura, susceptibility to, 4
     A form of migraine caused by a genetic defect on chromosome 14q21.2-q22.3. Physical activity can exacerbate symptoms. The headaches can last between 4 hours and 3 days....more »
    106. Molybdenum, cofactor deficiency, inherited
     A rare metabolic disorder characterized by excessive levels of xanthine in the urine. It is caused by a deficiency of the enzymes xanthine dehydrogenase (as in xanthinuria type I) and enzyme aldehyde oxidase (as in xanthinuria type II) as well as sulfite ...more »
    107. Mononucleosis
     Common infectious virus....more »
    108. Monosomy 1p36
     A rare chromosomal disorder where deletion of a portion of chromosome 1 causes various abnormalities such as heart problems, mental retardation, developmental delay, facial dysmorphism and short stature. The range and severity of symptoms is variable with...more »
    109. Multiple Sclerosis
     Autoimmune attack on spinal nerves causing diverse and varying neural problems....more »
    110. Myopathy -- growth and mental retardation -- hypospadias
     A very rare syndrome characterized mainly by muscle disease, retarded growth, mental retardation and abnormally placed urethral opening....more »
    111. Neuraminidase deficiency
     A rare inherited disorder involving an enzyme (neuraminidase and beta-galactosidase) deficiency which results in a build up of glycoproteins (sialyloligosaccharides) in the urine....more »
    112. Neuronal intranuclear inclusion disease
     A very rare syndrome characterized mainly by muscle and nerve degeneration....more »
    113. Neuropathy sensory spastic paraplegia
     A very rare syndrome characterized mainly by sensory nerve degeneration and spastic paraplegia. The extremities of the hands and feet have reduced pain sensation and disfiguring ulcers tend to develop....more »
    114. Nortriptyline toxicity
     The toxic reaction of the body to the substance, possibly via allergic reaction or overdose....more »
    115. Oculorenocerebellar syndrome
     A very rare syndrome characterized mainly by eye, kidney and brain abnormalities....more »
    116. Olivopontocerebellar atrophy -- deafness
     A very rare syndrome characterized mainly by brain abnormalities and deafness....more »
    117. Osteoarthritis
     Osteoarthritis is a chronic condition characterised by mechanical disrturbances due to degradation of joints. It is the most common form of arthritis, and the leading cause of chronic disability....more »
    118. Ovarioleukodystrophy
     A rare syndrome characterized by ovarian failure and degeneration of the brain white matter which causes mental and motor problems....more »
    119. Paget's Disease
     Breast carcinoma involving nipple and areola....more »
    120. Paine syndrome
     A rare inherited disorder characterized by a small head, mental and physical retardation and vision and movement problems....more »
    121. Pallidopyramidal syndrome
     A rare disorder characterized by pyramidal signs and parkinsonism caused by a degeneration of the pyramidal tract and the part of the brain called the pallidum....more »
    122. Parkinson disease 10
     A slow progressing form of Parkinson's disease caused by a mutation on chromosome 1p....more »
    123. Parkinson disease 11
     A form of Parkinson's disease caused by a mutation on chromosome 2q36-q37....more »
    124. Parkinson disease 12
     A X-linked form of Parkinson's disease caused by a mutation on chromosome Xq21-q25....more »
    125. Parkinson disease 13
     A form of Parkinson's disease caused by a mutation in the serine protease gene on chromosome 2p12....more »
    126. Parkinson disease 4, autosomal dominant, Lewy body
     A form of Parkinson's disease caused by a triplication of the alpha-synuclein gene on chromosome 4q21....more »
    127. Parkinson disease 6, autosomal recessive, recessive early-onset
     A slow progressing form of Parkinson's disease caused by a mutation in the PINK1 gene on chromosome 1p36....more »
    128. Parkinson disease 7, autosomal recessive, early-onset
     A recessively inherited form of Parkinson's disease caused by a mutation in the DJ1 gene on chromosome 1p36. Disease progression tends to be slow....more »
    129. Parkinson disease 8
     A form of Parkinson's disease caused by a mutation in the dardarin gene on chromosome 12q12....more »
    130. Phenothiazine antenatal infection
     Maternal use of a drug called phenothiazine has not been proven to cause problems in offspring. Animal studies show there is a risk but no definitive studies have been done on humans. Phenothiazine is used to treat mental and emotional disorders such as s...more »
    131. Pilo dento ungular dysplasia -- microcephaly
     A very rare syndrome characterized mainly by hair, tooth and nail abnormalities as well as a small head....more »
    132. Polymicrogyria, Bilateral Frontoparietal
     Polymicrogyria refers to abnormal brain development where the brain has abnormally smooth gyri (convolutions) on the surface of the brain. In the bilateral frontoparietal form, both sides of the portion of the brain called the frontoparietal region are af...more »
    133. Polymyalgia rheumatica
     A condition characterized by muscle pain and stiffness, fatigue and fever. It is often associated with giant-cell arteritis which is a related but more serious condition....more »
    134. Polyneuropathy, Hearing Loss, Ataxia, Retinitis Pigmentosa and Cataract
     A very rare, recessively inherited condition characterized by the association of vision, hearing and neurological problems. The condition generally starts during the second decade of life and progresses slowly....more »
    135. Portal hypertension
     Portal hypertension may be defined as a portal pressure gradient of 12 mm Hg or greater and is often associated with varices and ascites....more »
    136. Pregnancy toxemia /hypertension
     Preeclampsia is the development of high blood pressure, excess protein in the urine and swelling during pregnancy. Hypertension is a serious health condition due to the fact that it often causes no symptoms until it is severe. The blood pressure usually r...more »
    137. Premature chromosome condensation with microcephaly and mental retardation
     A genetic disorder characterized mainly by a small head and mental retardation....more »
    138. Primary lateral sclerosis, adult
     A rare adult-onset genetic disorder characterized by increasing weakness and stiffness of the limb muscles due to damage to nerve cells that control motor movement....more »
    139. Protriptyline toxicity
     The toxic reaction of the body to the substance, possibly via allergic reaction or overdose....more »
    140. Q fever
     A disease caused by Coxiella burnetti which causes fever, headache and muscle pain....more »
    141. Rabies
     An infectious disease that can affect any mammal including humans and is transmitted through the saliva of an infected animal. The infectious agent is the Neurotropic lyssavirus which affects the salivary gland and also causes neurological symptoms....more »
    142. Rhabdomyolysis
     Skeletal muscle injury or death, which releases muscle fibres into the blood....more »
    143. Richards-Rundle syndrome
     A very rare syndrome characterized mainly by mental retardation, ataxia, deafness and ketoaciduria....more »
    144. Ritalin overdose
     Ritalin is a prescription drug used to treat ADHD. Excessive doses of the drug can result in various symptoms and even death in severe cases....more »
    145. Ross River virus
     Mosquito-borne virus in parts of Australia and other countries...more »
    146. Roy-Maroteaux-Kremp syndrome
     A very rare syndrome characterized mainly by skin lesions abnormal bone development and spastic paraplegia....more »
    147. Rubinstein-Taybi Syndrome
     A rare congenital disorder characterized by very small stature, broad thumbs and toes, slanted palpebral fissures and hypoplastic maxilla....more »
    148. Seemanova-Lesny syndrome
     A rare disorder characterized by spasticity, seizures, absent abdominal reflexes, small head and mental retardation....more »
    149. Segawa syndrome, autosomal dominant
     A rare inherited disorder involving progressive dystonia (neurological movement disorder) which would improve in the mornings and then deteriorate towards the evening....more »
    150. Septicemia
     A systemic inflammatory response to an infection....more »
    151. Serotonin Syndrome
     The toxic reaction of the body to the substance, possibly via allergic reaction or overdose....more »
    152. Serotoninergic syndrome
     A disorder involves high levels of serotonin which can result from use of medications such as selective serotonin reuptake inhibitors....more »
    153. Sialidosis type 1 and 3
     A rare inherited biochemical disorder involving the deficiency of an enzyme (alpha-N-acetylneuraminidase) which results in the harmful accumulation of certain chemicals (sialyloligosaccharides and sialylglycopeptides) in various body tissues....more »
    154. Smith-Fineman-Myers syndrome 1
     A rare inherited disorder characterized mainly by mental retardation and low facial muscle tone. The genetic defect occurs on chromosome Xq13....more »
    155. Soto's Syndrome
     A rare hereditary disorder characterized by excessive growth during the first few years of life as well as various other mental and physical anomalies....more »
    156. Spastic paraparesis deafness
     A syndrome that is characterized with spastic paraparesis and deafness....more »
    157. Spastic paraplegia -- neuropathy -- poikiloderma
     A very rare syndrome characterized mainly by progressive stiffness and weakness of the legs, peripheral nerve degeneration and a skin disorder called poikiloderma. The eyelashes and eyebrows are usually gone by the age of three....more »
    158. Spastic paraplegia 11, autosomal recessive
     A rare genetic disorder characterized by progressive spasticity and weakness of the lower legs as well as mental retardation....more »
    159. Spastic paraplegia 14, autosomal recessive
     A rare genetic disorder characterized mainly by lower leg spasticity and mild mental retardation....more »
    160. Spastic paraplegia 2, X-linked
     A very rare genetic disorder characterized by lower leg spasticity and weakness. It has an early onset, progresses slowly and eventually the brain becomes involved as well which produces sensory, speech and eye problems....more »
    161. Spastic paraplegia 26, autosomal recessive
     A rare genetic disorder characterized mainly by progressive weakness of the lower legs. The condition also involves herniation of spinal discs....more »
    162. Spastic paraplegia 31, autosomal dominant
     A rare syndrome characterized mainly by progressive stiffness and increased reflexes in the leg muscles....more »
    163. Spastic paraplegia epilepsy mental retardation
     A very rare syndrome characterized mainly by epilepsy, mental retardation and progressive leg weakness and spasticity....more »
    164. Spastic paraplegia glaucoma precocious puberty
     A rare syndrome characterized by premature puberty, mental retardation, glaucoma and progressive spastic paraplegia....more »
    165. Spastic paraplegia nephritis deafness
     A very rare syndrome characterized mainly by spastic paraplegia, progressive kidney disease and deafness....more »
    166. Spinal cord injury
     Spinal cord injury is damage to the spinal cord as a result of a direct trauma to the spinal cord itself or as a result of indirect damage to the bones and soft tissues and vessels surrounding the spinal cord....more »
    167. Spinal shock
     A rare condition that can occur after spinal cord injury and involves a period of absent reflexes which may be permanent or last for hours to weeks. This period may be followed by a period of excessive reflexes....more »
    168. Spinocerebellar ataxia -- amyotrophy -- deafness
     A very rare syndrome characterized by muscle weakness and wasting, ataxia and deafness....more »
    169. Spinocerebellar ataxia 11
     A rare genetic disorder (chromosome 15q14-21.3 defect) characterized by gait ataxia and dysarthria (speech disorder). This form of the condition progresses slowly and doesn't affect life expectancy....more »
    170. Spinocerebellar ataxia 13
     A rare genetic disorder (chromosome 19 defect) characterized by progressive mental retardation. Gait ataxia and dysarthria (speech disorder) also occur and are symptoms common to all the spinocerebellar ataxia types....more »
    171. Spinocerebellar ataxia 17
     A rare genetic disorder (chromosome 6q27 defect) characterized by . Gait ataxia and dysarthria (speech disorder) also occur and are symptoms common to all the spinocerebellar ataxia types....more »
    172. Spinocerebellar ataxia 23
     A rare genetic disorder (chromosome 20p13-12.3 defect) characterized by ataxia, sensory loss and pyramidal signs. It is a slowly progressing condition....more »
    173. Spinocerebellar ataxia, autosomal recessive 1
     A neurological disorder characterized by progressive ataxia, tremor and muscle weakness and wasting. The rate of progression and severity is variable with some needing wheelchairs in their second decade and others still capable of some walking in their 4t...more »
    174. Stroke
     Serious brain event from bleeding or blood clots....more »
    175. Sturge-Weber Syndrome
     A rare genetic disorder characterized by excessive blood vessel growth, calcium accumulation inside the brain and seizures....more »
    176. Syphilis -- Teratogenic Agent
     There is strong evidence to indicate that the development of Syphilis during pregnancy may have a teratogenic effect on the fetus. A teratogen is a substance that can cause birth defects. The likelihood and severity of defects may be affected by the stage...more »
    177. Temporal arteritis
     Inflamed head artery causing headache....more »
    178. Tetanus
     A disease caused by chemicals which are produced by a bacterium (clostridium tetani) and are toxic to the nerves. The infection usually occurs when the bacteria enter the body through a deep wound - these bacteria are anaerobic and hence don't need oxygen...more »
    179. Tome-Brune-Fardeau syndrome
     A rare syndrome involving neurological impairment which manifests as movement disorders and dementia....more »
    180. Trimipramine toxicity
     The toxic reaction of the body to the substance, possibly via allergic reaction or overdose....more »
    181. Tropical Spastic Paraparesis
     A form of spastic partial paralysis of the lower limbs which occurs in the tropics...more »
    182. Vasculitis
     Inflammation of a blood or lymph vessel...more »
    183. Vitiligo mental retardation facial dysmorphism uremia
     A condition that is characterised by a number of symptoms including mental retardation, facial dysmorphism and uremia...more »
    184. Vocal cord dysfunction familial
     A rare inherited disorder where the vocal cord closes while breathing in which causes breathing difficulty which can be severe in some cases. Mental retardation is also associated....more »
    185. Weil's syndrome
     Severe form of Leptospirosis...more »
    186. Wells Jankovic syndrome
     A syndrome that is characterised with spastic paraparesis and deafness...more »
    187. Western equine encephalitis
     An infectious disease caused by an arbovirus (Alphavirus - Togaviraidae) and transmitted by infected mosquitoes. The infection primarily attacks that central nervous system and severity can range from asymptomatic to severe complications and even death in...more »
    188. White matter hypoplasia corpus callosum agenesia mental retardation
     A rare disorder characterized by abnormal brain development and mental retardation....more »
    189. Wolman syndrome
     A form of lipoidosis where acid cholesteryl ester hydrolase deficiency causes an accumulation of lipids (particularly cholesterol esters and triglycerides) in tissues and organs....more »
    190. Woods Black Norbury syndrome
     A condition that is characterised by immune deficiency in the newborn ultimately resulting in death...more »
    191. X-linked mental retardation -- hypotonia
     A very rare inherited disorder characterized primarily by mental retardation. Initial symptoms of muscle weakness gives way to spasticity and contractures....more »
    192. Young McKeever Squier syndrome
     A condition that affects the olivopontocerebellum and the cerebellar cortex of the brain...more »
    193. Ziehen-Oppenheim syndrome
     A very rare genetic condition involving progressive spasming of the muscles causing the body to twist and turn....more »

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