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Symptom Checker » Brain swelling » Constipation in infants (first 6 months)
 

Brain swelling and Constipation in infants (first 6 months)
Symptom Checker

Results: Causes of Brain swelling AND Constipation in infants (first 6 months)

Note: Do not use for diagnosis; see limitations of results.

Results: 372 causes of Brain swelling OR Constipation in infants (first 6 months)

    1. ADANE
     A potentially fatal inherited neurological disease involving brain lesions. Symptoms tend to occur during childhood after an illness involving a fever. The disease is similar to Leigh syndrome but the course is acute rather than chronic....more »
    2. Aase Smith syndrome
     A rare hereditary syndrome characterized by deformities such as cleft palate, joint contractures and hypoplastic anemia....more »
    3. Aase-Smith I syndrome
     A very rare hereditary syndrome characterized by deformities such as joint contractures, anemia, hydrocephalus and cleft palate....more »
    4. Accutane -- Teratogenic Agent
     There is strong evidence to indicate that the use of Accutane during pregnancy may cause a teratogenic effect on the fetus. A teratogen is a substance that can cause birth defects. The likelihood and severity of defects may be affected by the level of exp...more »
    5. Acrocephalopolydactyly
     A rare genetic condition characterized by limb abnormalities, extra digits and hydrocephalus. Other additional symptoms are variably present....more »
    6. Acrocephalosyndactyly Syndrome type 5
     A rare genetic disorder where some of the skull bones fuse too early which affects the size and shape of the skull and face. Thumb and toe abnormalities are also present. There are three types of Pfeiffer syndrome with varying degrees of severity....more »
    7. Acrocephalosyndactyly type 5 (ACPS 5)
     A rare genetic disorder where some of the skull bones fuse too early which affects the size and shape of the skull and face. Thumb and toe abnormalities are also present. There are three types of Pfeiffer syndrome with varying degrees of severity....more »
    8. Acroosteolysis dominant type
     A rare inherited connective tissue disorder characterized by breakdown of bone especially in the ends of the fingers and toes....more »
    9. Acutane embryopathy
     A rare disorder caused by fetal exposure to retinoids and resulting in mental and physical birth defects....more »
    10. Acute hemorrhagic leukoencephalitis
     A rare brain disease involving destruction of blood vessel walls, hemorrhages and swelling in the brain. The disease may be associated with a virus or vaccination. The disease can progress rapidly and death is common but treatment can result in complete r...more »
    11. Acute vitamin A toxicity
     Acute ingestion of vitamin A can cause symptoms. Symptoms usually only last for a day or two....more »
    12. Acyclovir -- Teratogenic Agent
     There is strong evidence to indicate that exposure to Acyclovir during pregnancy may have a teratogenic effect on the fetus. A teratogen is a substance that can cause birth defects. The likelihood and severity of defects may be affected by the level of ex...more »
    13. Agenesis of the corpus callosum -- mental retardation -- coloboma -- micrognathia
     A rare inherited disorder characterized by mental retardation, coloboma, small jaw and a brain anomaly....more »
    14. Alexander Syndrome
     Brain myelin disorder causing mental degeneration....more »
    15. Alpha-ketoglutarate dehydrogenase deficiency
     A metabolic disorder characterized by a deficiency of Alpha-ketoglutarate dehydrogenase which results in high levels of oxoglutaric acid in the urine as well as other severe symptoms....more »
    16. Aminopterin -- Teratogenic Agent
     There is strong evidence to indicate that exposure to ? during pregnancy may have a teratogenic effect on the fetus. A teratogen is a substance that can cause birth defects. The likelihood and severity of defects may be affected by the level of exposure a...more »
    17. Aminopterin and methotrexate -- Teratogenic Agent
     There is strong evidence to indicate that the use of Aminopterin and methotrexate during pregnancy may cause a teratogenic effect on the fetus. A teratogen is a substance that can cause birth defects. The likelihood and severity of defects may be affected...more »
    18. Amitriptyline -- Teratogenic Agent
     There is strong evidence to indicate that exposure to Amitriptyline during pregnancy may have a teratogenic effect on the fetus. A teratogen is a substance that can cause birth defects. The likelihood and severity of defects may be affected by the level o...more »
    19. Amlodipine -- Teratogenic Agent
     There is strong evidence to indicate that exposure to Amlodipine during pregnancy may have a teratogenic effect on the fetus. A teratogen is a substance that can cause birth defects. The likelihood and severity of defects may be affected by the level of e...more »
    20. Anal conditions
     Conditions that affect the anus...more »
    21. Aneurysm, intracranial berry
     A bulge in a blood vessel in the brain. The bulge can rupture causing a stroke. They usually form as a result of high blood pressure and weak blood vessel walls in the brain. There are five different subtypes of intracranial berry aneurysms with each one ...more »
    22. Aneurysm, intracranial berry, 1
     A bulge in a blood vessel in the brain. The bulge can rupture causing a stroke. They usually form as a result of high blood pressure and weak blood vessel walls in the brain. There are five different subtypes of intracranial berry aneurysms with each one ...more »
    23. Aneurysm, intracranial berry, 10
     A bulge in a blood vessel in the brain. The bulge can rupture causing a stroke. They usually form as a result of high blood pressure and weak blood vessel walls in the brain. There are five different subtypes of intracranial berry aneurysms with each one ...more »
    24. Aneurysm, intracranial berry, 2
     A bulge in a blood vessel in the brain. The bulge can rupture causing a stroke. They usually form as a result of high blood pressure and weak blood vessel walls in the brain. There are five different subtypes of intracranial berry aneurysms with each one ...more »
    25. Aneurysm, intracranial berry, 3
     A bulge in a blood vessel in the brain. The bulge can rupture causing a stroke. They usually form as a result of high blood pressure and weak blood vessel walls in the brain. There are five different subtypes of intracranial berry aneurysms with each one ...more »
    26. Aneurysm, intracranial berry, 4
     A bulge in a blood vessel in the brain. The bulge can rupture causing a stroke. They usually form as a result of high blood pressure and weak blood vessel walls in the brain. There are five different subtypes of intracranial berry aneurysms with each one ...more »
    27. Aneurysm, intracranial berry, 5
     A bulge in a blood vessel in the brain. The bulge can rupture causing a stroke. They usually form as a result of high blood pressure and weak blood vessel walls in the brain. There are five different subtypes of intracranial berry aneurysms with each one ...more »
    28. Aneurysm, intracranial berry, 6
     A bulge in a blood vessel in the brain. The bulge can rupture causing a stroke. They usually form as a result of high blood pressure and weak blood vessel walls in the brain. There are now six different subtypes of intracranial berry aneurysms with each o...more »
    29. Aneurysm, intracranial berry, 7
     A bulge in a blood vessel in the brain. The bulge can rupture causing a stroke. They usually form as a result of high blood pressure and weak blood vessel walls in the brain. There are five different subtypes of intracranial berry aneurysms with each one ...more »
    30. Aneurysm, intracranial berry, 8
     A bulge in a blood vessel in the brain. The bulge can rupture causing a stroke. They usually form as a result of high blood pressure and weak blood vessel walls in the brain. There are five different subtypes of intracranial berry aneurysms with each one ...more »
    31. Aneurysm, intracranial berry, 9
     A bulge in a blood vessel in the brain. The bulge can rupture causing a stroke. They usually form as a result of high blood pressure and weak blood vessel walls in the brain. There are five different subtypes of intracranial berry aneurysms with each one ...more »
    32. Angioneurotic Edema
     Recurring periods of noninflammatory swelling involving the skin, intestinal organs, brain and mucous membranes. In severe cases, respiratory swelling can result in compromised breathing....more »
    33. Anophthalmia -- hypothalamo-pituitary insufficiency
     A rare syndrome characterized mainly by small or absent eyes and malformations of the hypothalamus and pituitary gland....more »
    34. Anophthalmia -- hypyothalamo-pituitary insufficiency
     A rare syndrome characterized mainly by small or absent eyes and malformations of the hypothalamus and pituitary gland....more »
    35. Arachnoid Cysts
     A rare disorder involving a fluid-filled cysts on the arachnoid membrane which is one of the thin layers of tissue that form a membrane which covers the spinal cord and brain. The type and severity of symptoms is determined by the size and location of the...more »
    36. Argininosuccinase lyase deficiency, neonatal
     A rare inherited urea cycle disorder caused by lack of enzymes (argininosuccinase lyase) needed to turn ammonia into urea resulting in excess ammonia in the body. The neonatal form of the condition can result in death or severe complications if not treate...more »
    37. Arnold-Chiari malformation type 2
     A rare malformation where the base of the brain enters into the upper spinal canal. The extent of the deformity is greater in type 2 than type 1 and hence the symptoms are more severe and are often associated with a myelomeningocele (opening of the spine ...more »
    38. Arnold-Chiari malformation type 3
     An extremely rare malformation where the base of the brain enters into the upper spinal canal. Type 3 involves the herniation of brain or brain stem tissue out of the back of the neck or head. The condition generally has a poor prognosis....more »
    39. Axial mesodermal dysplasia spectrum
     A variable range of defects that occur during fetal development. The defect occurs at a cellular level and affects the way various parts of the body develop....more »
    40. BANF acoustic neurinoma
     A type of tumor that affects hearing and is associated with a condition called BANF (bilateral acoustic neurofibromatosis). The tumor is benign an occurs in the cells that form the myelin sheath of the vestibulocochlear nerve. The symptoms vary depending ...more »
    41. BOR-Duane hydrocephalus contiguous gene syndrome
     A very rare syndrome characterized primarily by an eye movement disorder (Duane syndrome), abnormal trapezius muscle (runs from neck to shoulder), hydrocephalus and BOR syndrome (branchio-oto-renal syndrome with branchial, eye and kidney abnormalities)....more »
    42. Baker-Vinters syndrome
     A very rare syndrome characterized by premature fusion of skull bones, hydrocephalus and abnormal development of the channel or duct in the middle of the brain that connects the third and fourth ventricles....more »
    43. Bamforth syndrome
     A rare syndrome characterized mainly by the association of an abnormal opening in the roof of the mouth and reduced thyroid functioning....more »
    44. Basilar impression primary
     A congenital bone abnormality where the skull and vertebrae meet which can compress some of the brain structures and result in neurological abnormalities. The defect is often associated with other vertebral abnormalities. In severe cases, the cerebrospina...more »
    45. Beemer-Ertbruggen syndrome
     A rare lethal syndrome characterized primarily by hydrocephalus, heart malformations, and increased bone density. Only a couple of cases have been reported....more »
    46. Benadryl -- Teratogenic Agent
     There is evidence to indicate that exposure to Benadryl during pregnancy may have a teratogenic effect on the fetus. A teratogen is a substance that can cause birth defects. The likelihood and severity of defects may be affected by the level of exposure a...more »
    47. Biemond syndrome type 2
     A rare inherited condition characterized by mental retardation, obesity, polydactyly and underdeveloped genitals....more »
    48. Bobble-head doll syndrome
     A rare condition where a child's head bobs up and down continuously due to either fluid on the brain or a large cyst in the third ventricle of the brain....more »
    49. Bone marrow failure -- neurologic abnormalities
     A rare syndrome characterized by the association of bone marrow failure and neurological abnormalities....more »
    50. Braddock Jones Superneau syndrome
     A very rare disorder characterized primarily by the premature fusion of skull bones (sagittal), the Dandy-Walker malformation and a buildup of fluid in the brain (hydrocephalus). The Dandy-Walker malformation is where a cyst develops in the back of the br...more »
    51. Brain abscess
     Pus accumulating into an abscess on the brain...more »
    52. Brain compression
     Internal compression of the brain...more »
    53. Bromocriptine -- Teratogenic Agent
     There is strong evidence to indicate that exposure to Bromocriptine during pregnancy may have a teratogenic effect on the fetus. A teratogen is a substance that can cause birth defects. The likelihood and severity of defects may be affected by the level o...more »
    54. Brown-Symmers disease
     A rare form of brain inflammation that occurs in children and can quickly lead to death. Symptoms usually start suddenly....more »
    55. Budesonide -- Teratogenic Agent
     There is strong evidence to indicate that exposure to Budesonide during pregnancy may have a teratogenic effect on the fetus. A teratogen is a substance that can cause birth defects. The likelihood and severity of defects may be affected by the level of e...more »
    56. CMV antenatal infection
     A rare condition where a fetus becomes infected with the cytomegalovirus through the mother....more »
    57. Campomelic dwarfism
     A rare genetic disorder characterized by bowed tibia, underdeveloped shoulder blades and a flat face....more »
    58. Campomelic dysplasia
     A rare genetic disorder characterized by bowed tibia, underdeveloped shoulder blades and a flat face....more »
    59. Canavan leukodystrophy
     A rare inherited disorder where a chemical imbalance in the brain leads to spongy degeneration of the central nervous system which results in progressive mental deterioration and associated symptoms....more »
    60. Carbon Monoxide -- Teratogenic Agent
     There is strong evidence to indicate that exposure to Carbon Monoxide during pregnancy may have a teratogenic effect on the fetus. A teratogen is a substance that can cause birth defects. The likelihood and severity of defects may be affected by the level...more »
    61. Cardiofaciocutaneous Syndrome
     A rare genetic disorder characterized by short stature, congenital heart defects skin anomalies and frontal bossing....more »
    62. Cat Eye Syndrome
     A rare chromosomal disorder involving abnormalities of chromosome 22 and characterized by coloboma of the iris, down-slanting palpebral fissures and anal atresia....more »
    63. Cennamo-Gangemi syndrome
     A rare syndrome characterized by small eyes, congenital cataracts and hydrocephalus (buildup of fluid in the brain)....more »
    64. Cerebellum agenesis -- hydrocephaly
     A rare brain disorder which manifests as reduced muscle tone, ataxia, cataracts and mental retardation....more »
    65. Cerebral Aneurysm
     Dangerous swelling of a brain blood vessel that may rupture....more »
    66. Cerebral astrocytoma, adult
     A very rare tumor that occurs in adults and develops in brain cells called astrocytes. The part of the brain involved is the cerebrum at the top of the head which controls functions such as reading, writing, thinking, learning, speech, emotion and volunta...more »
    67. Cerebral sarcoma
     A type of brain tumor that can be inherited in an autosomal dominant manner. The tumor arises from blood vessels in the brain. Symptoms may vary depending on the size and exact location of the tumor....more »
    68. Cerebral ventricle neoplasm
     A tumor that occurs in the fluid-filled spaces of the brain called the ventricles. Symptoms vary depending on the size and exact location of the tumor and whether it is cancerous or not....more »
    69. Chemical poisoning -- 1,4-Dioxane
     1,4-Dioxane is a chemical used mainly as a reagent in laboratries and as a solvent in chemical processing. The chemical is readily absorbed through the skin. The type and severity of symptoms varies depending on the amount of chemical involved and the nat...more »
    70. Chemical poisoning -- Acetylsalicylic Acid
     Acetylsalicylic Acid is also known as aspirin and is primarily used to relieve pain, fever and inflammation. Excessive exposure to the chemical can cause various symptoms. The type and severity of symptoms varies depending on the amount of chemical involv...more »
    71. Chemical poisoning -- Ethylene Glycol
     Ethylene Glycol is a chemical used mainly in antifreeze, coolants and as a solvent. Ingestion and other exposures to the chemical can cause various symptoms. The type and severity of symptoms varies depending on the amount of chemical involved and the nat...more »
    72. Chemical poisoning -- Thallium Sulfate
     Thallium Sulfate is a chemical used mainly in the manufacture of switches and closures in the semiconductor industry. It has historically also been used as a rodenticide. Ingestion and other exposures to the chemical can cause various symptoms. The type a...more »
    73. Chiari Malformation
     Protrusion of the brain down the spinal column....more »
    74. Chlorpheniramine -- Teratogenic Agent
     There is evidence to indicate that exposure to Chlorpheniramine (an antihistamine medication) during pregnancy may have a teratogenic effect on the fetus. A teratogen is a substance that can cause birth defects. The likelihood and severity of defects may ...more »
    75. Cholestyramine -- Teratogenic Agent
     There is evidence to indicate that exposure to Cholestyramine (cholesterol-lowering drug) during pregnancy may have a teratogenic effect on the fetus. A teratogen is a substance that can cause birth defects. The likelihood and severity of defects may be a...more »
    76. Cholybar -- Teratogenic Agent
     There is evidence to indicate that exposure to Cholybar (cholesterol-lowering drug) during pregnancy may have a teratogenic effect on the fetus. A teratogen is a substance that can cause birth defects. The likelihood and severity of defects may be affecte...more »
    77. Chromosome 1, 1p36 deletion syndrome
     A rare chromosomal disorder where deletion of a portion of chromosome 1 causes various abnormalities such as heart problems, mental retardation, developmental delay, facial dysmorphism and short stature. The symptoms are variable depending on the exact lo...more »
    78. Chromosome 12, trisomy 12q
     A rare chromosomal disorder where there are three copies of the long arm (q) of chromosome 12 rather than the normal two resulting in various abnormalities. In most cases, death occurs during infancy. The type and severity of symptoms varies depending on ...more »
    79. Chromosome 12q duplication syndrome
     A rare chromosomal disorder where there are three copies of the long arm (q) of chromosome 12 rather than the normal two resulting in various abnormalities. In most cases, death occurs during infancy....more »
    80. Chromosome 13 ring syndrome
     A rare chromosomal disorder where genetic material from one or both ends of chromosome 13 is missing and the two broken ends have rejoined to form a ring. The resulting type and severity of symptoms is determined by the amount and location of genetic mate...more »
    81. Chromosome 13, Partial Monosomy 13q
     A rare chromosomal disorder where the long arm (q) of chromosome 13 is deleted resulting in various physical, neurological and developmental abnormalities. The type and severity of symptoms is determined by the amount and location of the deleted genetic m...more »
    82. Chromosome 13q deletion
     A rare chromosomal disorder where the long arm (q) of chromosome 13 is deleted resulting in various physical, neurological and developmental abnormalities. The type and severity of symptoms is determined by the amount and location of the deleted genetic m...more »
    83. Chromosome 14 uniparental disomy syndrome
     A rare chromosomal disorder where two homologues are obtained from one parent....more »
    84. Chromosome 15q duplication syndrome
     A rare chromosomal disorder involving an extra copy of genetic material from the long arm of chromosome 15. The type and severity of symptoms are determined by the amount and location of the duplicated genetic material....more »
    85. Chromosome 15q, trisomy
     A rare chromosomal disorder involving an extra copy of genetic material from the long arm of chromosome 15. The type and severity of symptoms are determined by the amount and location of the duplicated genetic material....more »
    86. Chromosome 16q, partial deletion
     A rare chromosomal disorder involving deletion of genetic material from the long arm of chromosome 17. The type and severity of symptoms are determined by the amount and location of the lost genetic material....more »
    87. Chromosome 17p, partial duplication
     A rare chromosomal disorder involving an extra copy of genetic material from the short arm of chromosome 17. The type and severity of symptoms are determined by the amount and location of the duplicated genetic material....more »
    88. Chromosome 1q duplication syndrome
     A rare chromosomal disorder involving duplication of the long arm (q) of chromosome 1 which results in various abnormalities depending on the size and location of the portion of duplicated genetic material....more »
    89. Chromosome 2, monosomy 2q24
     A genetic disorder characterized by the deletion of a portion of the long arm of chromosome 2....more »
    90. Chromosome 22, trisomy
     A very rare disorder where there is an extra copy of chromosome 22 in all the body cells. The condition is usually fatal soon after birth or during the fetal stage....more »
    91. Chromosome 22q duplication syndrome
     A rare chromosomal disorder where the long arm of chromosome 22 is duplicated....more »
    92. Chromosome 4, Monosomy 4q
     A rare chromosomal disorder where a portion of the long arm (q) of chromosome 4 is missing resulting in various abnormalities....more »
    93. Chromosome 5, Trisomy 5p
     A rare chromosomal disorder where there are three copies of all or part of the short arm (p) of chromosome 5 rather than the normal two. The type and severity of symptoms is determined by the location and size of the genetic material duplicated....more »
    94. Chromosome 5p duplication syndrome
     A rare chromosomal disorder where there are three copies of all or part of the short arm (p) of chromosome 5 rather than the normal two. The type and severity of symptoms is determined by the location and size of the genetic material duplicated....more »
    95. Chromosome 6, trisomy 6p
     A very rare chromosomal disorder where a part of the short arm (p) of chromosome 6 is duplicated resulting in various abnormalities depending on the location and length of missing genetic material....more »
    96. Chromosome 6p deletion syndrome
     A rare chromosomal disorder where part or all of the short arm (p) of chromosome 6 is deleted resulting in various abnormalities which are determined by the size of the deleted portion....more »
    97. Chromosome 7, trisomy 7q
     A rare chromosomal disorder involving duplication of the long arm (q) of chromosome 7 which results in various abnormalities depending on the size and location of the portion of duplicated genetic material....more »
    98. Chromosome 7q duplication syndrome
     A rare chromosomal disorder involving duplication of the long arm (q) of chromosome 7 which results in various abnormalities depending on the size and location of the portion of duplicated genetic material....more »
    99. Chromosome 8, monosomy 8q
     A rare chromosomal disorder involving deletion of the long arm (q) of chromosome 8 resulting in various abnormalities. The type and severity of symptoms varies depending on the amount and exact location of the genetic material that is deleted....more »
    100. Chromosome 8p duplication syndrome
     A rare chromosomal disorder where the short arm (p) of chromosome 8 is duplicated resulting in three copies instead of two. The type and severity of symptoms depends on the location and length of genetic material duplicated....more »
    101. Chromosome 9, Tetrasomy 9p
     A rare chromosomal disorder where there is four copies of the short arm of chromosome 9 instead of the normal two resulting in various abnormalities....more »
    102. Chromosome 9, Trisomy 9p (Multiple Variants)
     A rare chromosomal disorder characterized by mental retardation, head and face malformations and various other abnormalities....more »
    103. Chromosome 9p tetrasomy syndrome
     A rare chromosomal disorder where there is four copies of the short arm of chromosome 9 instead of the normal two resulting in various abnormalities....more »
    104. Chronic vitamin A toxicity
     Chronic excessive ingestion of vitamin A can cause symptoms....more »
    105. Clomiphene -- Teratogenic Agent
     There is evidence to indicate that exposure to Clomiphene during pregnancy may have a teratogenic effect on the fetus. A teratogen is a substance that can cause birth defects. The likelihood and severity of defects may be affected by the level of exposure...more »
    106. Cloverleaf skull micromelia thoracic dysplasia
     A rare disorder characterized by a cloverleaf skull deformity, small limbs and bone abnormalities of the chest and spine. The disorder is lethal....more »
    107. Cocaine -- Teratogenic Agent
     There is evidence to indicate that exposure to Cocaine during pregnancy may have a teratogenic effect on the fetus. A teratogen is a substance that can cause birth defects. The likelihood and severity of defects may be affected by the level of exposure an...more »
    108. Codeine -- Teratogenic Agent
     There is evidence to indicate that exposure to Codeine (an opiate drug) during pregnancy may have a teratogenic effect on the fetus. A teratogen is a substance that can cause birth defects. The likelihood and severity of defects may be affected by the lev...more »
    109. Coffin-Lowry syndrome
     A rare genetic disorder characterized by down slanting space between eyelids, bulbous nose, soft hands and tapering fingers....more »
    110. Colestyramine -- Teratogenic Agent
     There is evidence to indicate that exposure to Colestyramine (cholesterol-lowering drug) during pregnancy may have a teratogenic effect on the fetus. A teratogen is a substance that can cause birth defects. The likelihood and severity of defects may be af...more »
    111. Complex 1 mitochondrial respiratory chain deficiency
     A rare genetic defect where an enzyme deficiency (NADH CoQ) disrupts cellular processes and causes various organic acid disorders. Any of a variety of the components of the enzyme may be missing or defective and hence the clinical presentation and severit...more »
    112. Cone shell poisoning
     A number of species of cone shells are capable of envenomating humans. The toxin is a neurotoxin and thus primarily affects the nervous system. Cone shells are found mainly in shallow waters of the Indian and Pacific oceans. The toxicity varies amongst sp...more »
    113. Congenital Toxoplasmosis
     Fetal infection with toxoplasmosis....more »
    114. Corpus callosum agenesis -- blepharophimosis -- Robin sequence
     A very rare syndrome characterized by abnormal brain development, various facial anomalies, heart defects and other symptoms....more »
    115. Corpus callosum dysgenesis X-linked recessive
     Partial or complete lack of development of the structure that divides two sides of the brain (corpus callosum). As the condition is X-linked, it only occurs in males....more »
    116. Corpus callosum, agenesis of, blepharophimosis Robin type
     A very rare syndrome characterized by abnormal brain development, various facial anomalies, heart defects and other symptoms....more »
    117. Cortical hyperostosis-syndactyly
     A rare genetic disorder characterized by webbed fingers and thickening and overgrowth of bones....more »
    118. Corticotropin -- Teratogenic Agent
     There is evidence to indicate that exposure to Corticotropin during pregnancy may have a teratogenic effect on the fetus. A teratogen is a substance that can cause birth defects. The likelihood and severity of defects may be affected by the level of expos...more »
    119. Craniodiaphyseal dysplasia
     A very rare bone disorder where excess calcium is deposited mainly in the skull bones which can result in compression of various nerves in the skull and even the brain....more »
    120. Craniofacial conodysplasia
     A rare disorder characterized by neurological symptoms and abnormally-shaped bones in the hands and feet. The neurological symptoms are caused by a buildup of fluid inside the skull as well as compression of the spinal cord at the neck-skull junction....more »
    121. Craniosynostosis -- alopecia -- brain defect
     A very rare syndrome characterized mainly by a malformed skull, lack of hair and a brain defect....more »
    122. Craniosynostosis, sagittal, with Dandy-Walker malformation and hydrocephalus
     A very rare disorder characterized primarily by the premature fusion of skull bones (sagittal), the Dandy-Walker malformation and a buildup of fluid in the brain (hydrocephalus). The Dandy-Walker malformation is where a cyst develops in the back of the br...more »
    123. Craniotelencephalic dysplasia
     A very rare syndrome characterized primarily by premature fusion of various skull bones and abnormal brain development....more »
    124. Cyclophosphamide -- Teratogenic Agent
     There is evidence to indicate that exposure to Cyclophosphamide during pregnancy may have a teratogenic effect on the fetus. A teratogen is a substance that can cause birth defects. The likelihood and severity of defects may be affected by the level of ex...more »
    125. Cystic Fibrosis
     Cystic fibrosis is a hereditary disease affecting the exocrine (mucus) glands of the lungs, liver, pancreas, and intestines, causing progressive disability due to multisystem failure....more »
    126. Cysticercosis
     An infectious disease caused by the pork tapeworm Taenia solium. If the larvae are ingested then a mild or asymptomatic tapeworm infection occurs. However, ingested eggs pass into the bloodstream where they can then enter various tissues and form the cyst...more »
    127. Czeizel syndrome
     A rare lethal syndrome characterized by cleft palate, uterus abnormalities and omphalocele (protrusion of abdominal organs such as intestine through the navel)....more »
    128. Czeizel-Losonci syndrome
     A very rare syndrome characterized by missing fingers, ureter abnormalities, webbed fingers and toes and abnormal spinal development....more »
    129. Daish-Hardman-Lamont syndrome
     A very rare syndrome characterized mainly by loose joints, tall stature and buildup of fluid inside the skull....more »
    130. Dandy-Walker -- facial hemangioma
     A very rare syndrome characterized mainly by a brain malformation (Dandy-Walker) and a hemangioma on the face (mass of dilated blood vessels)....more »
    131. Dandy-Walker Syndrome
     A congenital brain malformation characterized by increased fluid in the brain....more »
    132. Dandy-Walker malformation postaxial polydactyly
     A very rare syndrome where the Dandy-Walker malformation is associated with extra fingers and toes....more »
    133. Del (2) (q12-q14)
     A rare chromosomal disorder characterized by various anomalies. The listed symptoms are those observed in two reported cases. The manifestations linked to most genetic defects are often variable to some degree....more »
    134. Del (2) (q21-q23)
     A rare chromosomal disorder characterized by various anomalies. The listed symptoms are those observed in the few reported cases. The manifestations linked to most genetic defects are often variable to some degree....more »
    135. Del (2) (q32.1-q34)
     A rare chromosomal disorder characterized by various anomalies. The listed symptoms are those observed in one reported case. The manifestations linked to most genetic defects are often variable to some degree....more »
    136. Del (2) (q33.1-q33.3)
     A rare chromosomal disorder characterized by various anomalies. The listed symptoms are those observed in one reported case. The manifestations linked to most genetic defects are often variable to some degree....more »
    137. Del (2) (q34-qter) and dup (2) (pter-p24)
     A rare chromosomal disorder characterized by various anomalies. The listed symptoms are those observed in two reported cases. The manifestations linked to most genetic defects are often variable to some degree....more »
    138. Del (2q36)
     A rare chromosomal disorder characterized by various anomalies. The listed symptoms are those observed in one reported case. The manifestations linked to most genetic defects are often variable to some degree....more »
    139. Del (3) (q12-q21)
     A rare chromosomal disorder characterized by various anomalies. The listed symptoms are those observed in a few reported cases. The manifestations linked to most genetic defects are often variable to some degree....more »
    140. Del(1) (23-q25)
     A very rare chromosomal disorder where a portion of the long arm (23q-q25) of chromosome one is missing....more »
    141. Del(1) (q24-q25.3)
     A very rare chromosomal disorder where a portion of the long arm (q24-q25.3) of chromosome one is missing. The type and severity of symptoms is variable....more »
    142. Del(1) (q41-qter)
     A very rare chromosomal disorder where a portion of the long arm (q41-qter) of chromosome one is missing. The type and severity of symptoms is variable....more »
    143. Del(1q32)
     A very rare chromosomal disorder where a portion of the long arm (1q32) of chromosome one is missing....more »
    144. Diamond-Blackfan anemia
     Diamond-Blackfan anemia is a rare genetic condition where the bone marrow is unable to make sufficient red blood cells which leads low levels of red blood cells. There are eight subtypes of the condition which differ in the location of the genetic defect ...more »
    145. Diencephalic Syndrome
     A condition characterized by dysfunction of the diencphalon of the brain...more »
    146. Diflucan -- Teratogenic Agent
     There is evidence to indicate that exposure to Diflucan (an antifungal drug) during pregnancy may have a teratogenic effect on the fetus. A teratogen is a substance that can cause birth defects. The likelihood and severity of defects may be affected by th...more »
    147. Dimedrol -- Teratogenic Agent
     There is evidence to indicate that exposure to Dimedrol during pregnancy may have a teratogenic effect on the fetus. A teratogen is a substance that can cause birth defects. The likelihood and severity of defects may be affected by the level of exposure a...more »
    148. Dinno-Shearer-Weisskopf syndrome
     A very rare syndrome characterized mainly by long limbs, tall stature, large head, ataxia and facial anomalies....more »
    149. Diphenhydramine -- Teratogenic Agent
     There is evidence to indicate that exposure to Diphenhydramine during pregnancy may have a teratogenic effect on the fetus. A teratogen is a substance that can cause birth defects. The likelihood and severity of defects may be affected by the level of exp...more »
    150. Dridol -- Teratogenic Agent
     There is evidence to indicate that exposure to Dridol (an antinausea and antipsychotic drug) during pregnancy may have a teratogenic effect on the fetus. A teratogen is a substance that can cause birth defects. The likelihood and severity of defects may b...more »
    151. Droperidol -- Teratogenic Agent
     There is evidence to indicate that exposure to Droperidol (an antinausea and antipsychotic drug) during pregnancy may have a teratogenic effect on the fetus. A teratogen is a substance that can cause birth defects. The likelihood and severity of defects m...more »
    152. Dropletan -- Teratogenic Agent
     There is evidence to indicate that exposure to Dropletan (an antinausea and antipsychotic drug) during pregnancy may have a teratogenic effect on the fetus. A teratogen is a substance that can cause birth defects. The likelihood and severity of defects ma...more »
    153. Dup (1) (q23-qter) and del (3)(pter-p25)
     A very rare chromosomal disorder where a portion of the long arm (q23-qter) of chromosome one and the short arm of chromosome 3 (pter- p25) is duplicated. In the reported case, the infant died soon after birth....more »
    154. Dup (1) (q32-qter) and del (7)(q32-qter)
     A very rare chromosomal disorder where a portion of the long arm (q32-qter) of chromosome one is duplicated and the long arm of chromosome 7 (q32) is deleted. There have only been a couple of reported cases and symptoms may vary somewhat between patients....more »
    155. Dup (2) (p25-p21)
     A rare chromosomal disorder characterized by various anomalies. The listed symptoms are those observed in one reported case. The manifestations linked to most genetic defects are often variable to some degree....more »
    156. Dup (2) (pter-p13))
     A rare chromosomal disorder characterized by various anomalies. The listed symptoms are those observed in the few reported cases. The manifestations linked to most genetic defects are often variable to some degree though early death is quite common....more »
    157. Dup (3) (p22-p14)
     A rare chromosomal disorder characterized by various anomalies. The listed symptoms are those observed in two reported cases. The manifestations linked to most genetic defects are often variable to some degree....more »
    158. Dup (3) (q22.1-q24)
     A rare chromosomal disorder characterized by various anomalies. The listed symptoms are those observed in two reported cases. The manifestations linked to most genetic defects are often variable to some degree....more »
    159. Duplication 5p
     A rare chromosomal disorder where there are three copies of all or part of the short arm (p) of chromosome 5 rather than the normal two. The type and severity of symptoms is determined by the location and size of the genetic material duplicated....more »
    160. Ectodermal dysplasia -- mental retardation -- central nervous system malformation
     A rare syndrome characterized by severe mental retardation, hypothyroidism, abnormal brain development and hair, teeth and nail abnormalities....more »
    161. Enalapril -- Teratogenic Agent
     There is evidence to indicate that exposure to Enalapril (an ACE inhibitor) during pregnancy may have a teratogenic effect on the fetus. A teratogen is a substance that can cause birth defects. The likelihood and severity of defects may be affected by the...more »
    162. Encephalocele anterior
     Protrusion of a portion of the brain tissue through a skull defect in the anterior portion of the skull. The severity of symptoms depends on the exact location and size of the deformity....more »
    163. Encephalocele frontal
     Protrusion of a portion of the frontal brain tissue through a skull defect. The severity of symptoms depends on the exact location and size of the deformity....more »
    164. Encephaloceles
     Improper protrusions of parts of the meninges and brain....more »
    165. Endocrine-Cerebroosteodysplasia
     A rare condition observed in six members from two families. The condition is severe with all affected individuals dying before, during or soon after birth. A number of the pregnancies were voluntarily terminated due to the detected malformations. Endocrin...more »
    166. Endodermal sinus tumor
     A form of malignant germ cell tumor that occurs mainly in young children. They can occur in the testis, ovaries, uterus, abdomen, thorax, tailbone region, vagina, liver, retroperitoneum and pineal ventricle of the brain. Symptoms will vary depending on th...more »
    167. Ependymoma
     A tumor that occurs in the central nervous system (brain and spinal cord). Symptoms vary according to the aggressiveness, size and exact location of the tumor....more »
    168. Ergotamine -- Teratogenic Agent
     There is evidence to indicate that exposure to Ergotamine during pregnancy may have a teratogenic effect on the fetus. A teratogen is a substance that can cause birth defects. The likelihood and severity of defects may be affected by the level of exposure...more »
    169. Erythromycin -- Teratogenic Agent
     There is evidence to indicate that exposure to Erythromycin (an antibiotic) during pregnancy may have a teratogenic effect on the fetus. A teratogen is a substance that can cause birth defects. The likelihood and severity of defects may be affected by the...more »
    170. Ethisterone -- Teratogenic Agent
     There is evidence to indicate that exposure to Ethisterone during pregnancy may have a teratogenic effect on the fetus. A teratogen is a substance that can cause birth defects. The likelihood and severity of defects may be affected by the level of exposur...more »
    171. Ethosuximide -- Teratogenic Agent
     There is evidence to indicate that exposure to Ethosuximide (antiseizure medication) during pregnancy may have a teratogenic effect on the fetus. A teratogen is a substance that can cause birth defects. The likelihood and severity of defects may be affect...more »
    172. Extradural hematoma
     Bleeding in the skull outside the brain...more »
    173. Famotidine -- Teratogenic Agent
     There is evidence to indicate that exposure to Famotidine (used to treat and prevent ulcers) during pregnancy may have a teratogenic effect on the fetus. A teratogen is a substance that can cause birth defects. The likelihood and severity of defects may b...more »
    174. Faye-Petersen-Ward-Carey syndrome
     A very rare syndrome characterized by excess fluid in the skull, a blood disorder and bone and bone abnormalities....more »
    175. Fetal warfarin syndrome
     A rare disorder caused by fetal exposure to warfarin (anticoagulant) and resulting in physical, neurological and mental abnormalities....more »
    176. Fluconazole -- Teratogenic Agent
     There is evidence to indicate that exposure to Fluconazole (an antifungal drug) during pregnancy may have a teratogenic effect on the fetus. A teratogen is a substance that can cause birth defects. The likelihood and severity of defects may be affected by...more »
    177. Flucytosine -- Teratogenic Agent
     There is evidence to indicate that exposure to Flucytosine (an antifungal drug) during pregnancy may have a teratogenic effect on the fetus. A teratogen is a substance that can cause birth defects. The likelihood and severity of defects may be affected by...more »
    178. Fluorouracil -- Teratogenic Agent
     There is evidence to indicate that exposure to Fluorouracil (a chemotherapy drug) during pregnancy may have a teratogenic effect on the fetus. A teratogen is a substance that can cause birth defects. The likelihood and severity of defects may be affected ...more »
    179. Fried syndrome
     A rare syndrome characterized mainly by mental retardation, buildup of fluid inside the skull and an unusual facial appearance. The disorder is inherted in a X-linked manner....more »
    180. Game-Friedman-Paradice syndrome
     A rare condition characterized by retarded growth, hydrocephaly, underdeveloped lungs and various other anomalies. The condition was observed in four offspring from one family....more »
    181. Ganglioglioma
     A type of tumor that develops in the central nervous system. The tumor originates from glial and nerve cells. The tumor may grow rapidly and symptom will vary depending on the exact location and size of the tumor....more »
    182. Glioma Susceptibility
     A glioma is a rare type of tumor that occurs from glial cells that make up the central nervous system. These tumors usually occur in the brain but can also occur in the spinal cord and other nerves such as the optic nerve. Symptoms depend on the size and ...more »
    183. Glioma Susceptibility 1
     A glioma is a rare type of tumor that occurs from glial cells that make up the central nervous system. These tumors usually occur in the brain but can also occur in the spinal cord and other nerves such as the optic nerve. Symptoms depend on the size and ...more »
    184. Glioma Susceptibility 2
     A glioma is a rare type of tumor that occurs from glial cells that make up the central nervous system. These tumors usually occur in the brain but can also occur in the spinal cord and other nerves such as the optic nerve. Symptoms depend on the size and ...more »
    185. Glioma Susceptibility 3
     A glioma is a rare type of tumor that occurs from glial cells that make up the central nervous system. These tumors usually occur in the brain but can also occur in the spinal cord and other nerves such as the optic nerve. Symptoms depend on the size and ...more »
    186. Glioma Susceptibility 4
     A glioma is a rare type of tumor that occurs from glial cells that make up the central nervous system. These tumors usually occur in the brain but can also occur in the spinal cord and other nerves such as the optic nerve. Symptoms depend on the size and ...more »
    187. Glioma Susceptibility 5
     A glioma is a rare type of tumor that occurs from glial cells that make up the central nervous system. These tumors usually occur in the brain but can also occur in the spinal cord and other nerves such as the optic nerve. Symptoms depend on the size and ...more »
    188. Glioma Susceptibility 6
     A glioma is a rare type of tumor that occurs from glial cells that make up the central nervous system. These tumors usually occur in the brain but can also occur in the spinal cord and other nerves such as the optic nerve. Symptoms depend on the size and ...more »
    189. Glioma Susceptibility 7
     A glioma is a rare type of tumor that occurs from glial cells that make up the central nervous system. These tumors usually occur in the brain but can also occur in the spinal cord and other nerves such as the optic nerve. Symptoms depend on the size and ...more »
    190. Glioma Susceptibility 8
     A glioma is a rare type of tumor that occurs from glial cells that make up the central nervous system. These tumors usually occur in the brain but can also occur in the spinal cord and other nerves such as the optic nerve. Symptoms depend on the size and ...more »
    191. Gliomatosis cerebri
     A rare, aggressive type of malignant brain tumor. Cancerous glial cells infiltrate various parts of the brain and can result in a variety of symptoms....more »
    192. Gliosarcoma
     A type of brain tumor that originates from glial cells. The tumor may grow rapidly and symptom will vary depending on the exact location and size of the tumor....more »
    193. Glycine synthase deficiency
     A rare genetic disorder characterized by high blood glycine levels which is toxic to the body. The severity of the condition varies according to the degree of deficiency and age of onset. The classical neonatal form is generally quite severe, the atypical...more »
    194. Glycine synthase deficiency, type 1
     A rare genetic disorder characterized by high blood glycine levels. It is caused by a defect in the P protein (pyridoxal phosphate-dependent glycine decarboxylase) in the energy creating center of cells (mitochondria)....more »
    195. Glycine synthase deficiency, type 2
     A rare genetic disorder characterized by high blood glycine levels. It is caused by a defect in the T protein (tetrahydrofolate-requiring enzyme) in the energy creating center of cells (mitochondria)....more »
    196. HARD syndrome
     A rare genetic disorder characterized by a smooth brain surface and eye, genitourinary and other abnormalities....more »
    197. HARD syndrome (Hydrocephalus -- agyria -- retinal dysplasia)
     A rare genetic disorder characterized by a smooth brain surface and eye, genitourinary and other abnormalities....more »
    198. Hemangioblastoma
     A benign tumor that tends to occur in the central nervous system such as the brain and spinal cord. The tumor arises from the stem cells that develop into blood vessels or blood cells (hemangioblasts). Symptoms vary depending on the exact location and siz...more »
    199. Hemorrhagic shock and encephalopathy syndrome
     A very rare severe condition characterized by sudden severe shock, brain disease and liver and kidney dysfunction which occurs in infants. The cause is unknown....more »
    200. Herbal Agent adverse reaction -- Margosa oil
     Margosa oil can be used as a herbal agent to treat parasitic infestations. The herbal agent contains various chemicals which can cause an adverse reaction in some people....more »
    201. Hirschsprung's disease
     A rare condition where abnormalities in the bowel muscles prevent it from contracting normally and pushing the fecal matter through which results in obstruction and dilation of the bowel....more »
    202. Holoacardius amorphus
     A very rare disorder where a twin in the womb doesn't have it's own heart. This second twin is often a very malformed, shapeless mass that acts as a parasite by utilizing the placenta of the normal twin....more »
    203. Hydranencephaly
     A very rare condition where fluid replaces a portion of the brain....more »
    204. Hydrocephalus -- Skeletal Anomalies -- Mental Disturbance
     A very rare condition reported in only a few families and characterized by a buildup of fluid inside the brain, skeletal anomalies and mental disturbance....more »
    205. Hydrocephalus -- costovertebral dysplasia -- Sprengel anomaly
     A rare syndrome characterized mainly by hydrocephaly and upwardly displaced shoulder blade (Sprengel anomaly)....more »
    206. Hydrocephalus -- craniosynostosis -- bifid nose
     A very rare disorder characterized mainly by a buildup of fluid inside the skull, premature fusion of skull bones and a bifid nose....more »
    207. Hydrocephalus -- growth delay -- skeletal anomalies
     A very rare syndrome characterized mainly by retarded growth, buildup of fluid (cerebrospinal fluid) inside the skull and various skeletal anomalies....more »
    208. Hydrocephalus -- growth retardation -- skeletal anomalies
     A very rare syndrome characterized mainly by retarded growth, buildup of fluid (cerebrospinal fluid) inside the skull and various skeletal anomalies....more »
    209. Hydrocephalus autosomal recessive
     A rare, recessively inherited disorder where there is an abnormal buildup of fluid (cerebrospinal fluid) inside the skull....more »
    210. Hydrocephalus due to congenital stenosis of aqueduct of sylvius
     A very rare disorder where there is a buildup of cerebrospinal fluid inside the skull due to a narrow canal that connects the third and fourth ventricles of the brain....more »
    211. Hydrocephalus obesity hypogonadism
     A very rare syndrome characterized mainly by obesity, buildup of fluid inside the skull (hydrocephalus) and impaired sex hormone production....more »
    212. Hydrocephalus skeletal anomalies
     A condition characterized by the association of hydrocephalus (buildup of fluid inside the brain) and skeletal anomalies....more »
    213. Hydrocephaly tall stature joint laxity and kyphoscoliosis
     A very rare disorder characterized mainly by the association of excessive fluid in the skull (hydrocephaly), tall stature, loose joints and kyphoscoliosis. Various other anomalies may also be present....more »
    214. Hydroxychloroquine -- Teratogenic Agent
     There is evidence to indicate that exposure to Hydroxychloroquine (an antimalarial drug) during pregnancy may have a teratogenic effect on the fetus. A teratogen is a substance that can cause birth defects. The likelihood and severity of defects may be af...more »
    215. Hydroxyprogesterone -- Teratogenic Agent
     There is evidence to indicate that exposure to Hydroxyprogesterone during pregnancy may have a teratogenic effect on the fetus. A teratogen is a substance that can cause birth defects. The likelihood and severity of defects may be affected by the level of...more »
    216. Hydroxyzine -- Teratogenic Agent
     There is evidence to indicate that exposure to Hydroxyzine (an antihistamine) during pregnancy may have a teratogenic effect on the fetus. A teratogen is a substance that can cause birth defects. The likelihood and severity of defects may be affected by t...more »
    217. Hyperparathyroidism
     Increased secretion of parathyroid hormone from the parathyroid glands....more »
    218. Hypothalamic hamartomas
     A benign congenital tumor that develops on or near the hypothalamus....more »
    219. Imperforate anus
     A congenital disorder where the anus is missing or located in the wrong position....more »
    220. Inapsine -- Teratogenic Agent
     There is evidence to indicate that exposure to Inapsine (an antinausea and antipsychotic drug) during pregnancy may have a teratogenic effect on the fetus. A teratogen is a substance that can cause birth defects. The likelihood and severity of defects may...more »
    221. Indigo Carmine -- Teratogenic Agent
     There is evidence to indicate that exposure to Indigo Carmine during pregnancy may have a teratogenic effect on the fetus. A teratogen is a substance that can cause birth defects. The likelihood and severity of defects may be affected by the level of expo...more »
    222. Infantile hypophosphatasia
     An inherited bone disorder due to an inborn error of metabolism characterized by a deficiency of alkaline phosphate. The condition becomes noticeably during infancy and involves a period of normal development (about 6 months) followed by deterioration due...more »
    223. Infantile sialic acid storage disorder
     A rare inherited biochemical disorder characterized by the accumulation of sialic acid in the tissues and excretion of sialic acid in the urine. The disorder results in death within the first few years of life - usually in infancy....more »
    224. Infectious meningitis
     Infectious meningitis is meningitis caused by bacterial, viral, or protozoan infection. Most of the agents known to cause meningitis are infectious, but very few people exposed to them will get meningitis. Those at greatest danger include people with AIDS...more »
    225. Iniencephaly
     A rare type of neural tube defect where the head is positioned in a backward bent angle and the spine is malformed....more »
    226. Interferon Beta -- Teratogenic Agent
     There is evidence to indicate that exposure to Interferon Beta during pregnancy may have a teratogenic effect on the fetus. A teratogen is a substance that can cause birth defects. The likelihood and severity of defects may be affected by the level of exp...more »
    227. Intermediate cystinosis
     Cystinosis is a condition where excess amino acid cystine builds up to harmful levels in the body. The intermediate form of cystinosis starts later than the nephropathic form but the symptoms are the same....more »
    228. Intracranial arachnoid cysts
     A rare disorder involving a fluid-filled cysts on the arachnoid membrane which is one of the thin layers of tissue that form a membrane which covers the brain. The type and severity of symptoms is determined by the size and location of the cyst....more »
    229. Intracranial germ cell tumour
     A brain tumor that arises from germ (sex) cells. This type of tumor tends to occur in patients under the age of 30, usually in the second decade. Symptoms depend on the size, exact location and rate of growth of the tumor....more »
    230. Isotretinoin -- Teratogenic Agent
     There is evidence to indicate that exposure to Isotretinoin (an acne treatment drug) during pregnancy may have a teratogenic effect on the fetus. A teratogen is a substance that can cause birth defects. The likelihood and severity of defects may be affect...more »
    231. Isotretinoin embryopathy like syndrome
     A very rare syndrome which causes the same abnormalities and deformities that occur in fetal exposure to maternal use of isotretinoin....more »
    232. Jackson-Weiss Syndrome
     A rare inherited disorder involving bone abnormalities such as fusion of upper foot bones and premature fusion of skull bones which prevents the skull from growing normally. Symptoms can range from mild to severe....more »
    233. Jeune syndrome
     A rare genetic disorder characterized by short limbs, underdeveloped iliac wings and a narrow rigid thoracic cage that often results in asphyxiation....more »
    234. Juvenile pilocytic astrocytoma
     A type of brain tumor that occurs in children and young adults. The tumor is derived from a type of cell called an astrocyte and it can occur in various parts of the brain as well as the optic pathways and the spinal cord. Malignancy is rare. Symptoms may...more »
    235. Kernicterus
     A rare condition involving high blood levels of bilirubin which can also accumulate in the brain and lead to neurological problems....more »
    236. Kleeblattschaedel syndrome
     A very rare syndrome characterized mainly by a head the is somewhat cloverleaf shaped....more »
    237. Krause syndrome
     A syndrome involving the abnormal development of the eye and cerebral portion of the brain. It most often occurs in premature infants or an infant from a multiple birth. It is believed to possibly result from intercurrent infections in the mother, placent...more »
    238. L1 Syndrome
     L1 Syndrome refers to range of disorders characterized by stiff muscles (spasticity) in the legs, reduced intelligence, excessive fluid in the brain (hydrocephalus) and abnormally bent thumbs. The range and severity of symptoms is highly variable. Disorde...more »
    239. Lamotrigine -- Teratogenic Agent
     There is evidence to indicate that exposure to Lamotrigine during pregnancy may have a teratogenic effect on the fetus. A teratogen is a substance that can cause birth defects. The likelihood and severity of defects may be affected by the level of exposur...more »
    240. Larsen syndrome, recessive type
     A congenital, genetic disorder characterized by many abnormalities including joint dislocations, bone abnormalities and an unusual face....more »
    241. Lateral body wall complex
     A very rare syndrome characterized involving the absence of the whole or part of an arm or leg as well as a severe defect of the abdominal wall. Death often occurs at birth....more »
    242. Lithium -- Teratogenic Agent
     There is evidence to indicate that exposure to Lithium during pregnancy may have a teratogenic effect on the fetus. A teratogen is a substance that can cause birth defects. The likelihood and severity of defects may be affected by the level of exposure an...more »
    243. Liver failure
     Acute liver failure (ALF) is an uncommon condition in which the rapid deterioration of liver function results in coagulopathy and alteration in the mental status of a previously healthy individual....more »
    244. Lockwood-Feingold syndrome
     A rare genetic disorder characterized mainly by arthritis, skeletal abnormalities and a lack of subcutaneous fat....more »
    245. Lovastatin -- Teratogenic Agent
     There is evidence to indicate that exposure to Lovastatin during pregnancy may have a teratogenic effect on the fetus. A teratogen is a substance that can cause birth defects. The likelihood and severity of defects may be affected by the level of exposure...more »
    246. Lymphocytic Choriomeningitis
     Rodent-borne viral disease often causing meningitis or encephalitis...more »
    247. Lysergic Acid Diethylamide -- Teratogenic Agent
     There is evidence to indicate that exposure to Lysergic Acid Diethylamide during pregnancy may have a teratogenic effect on the fetus. A teratogen is a substance that can cause birth defects. The likelihood and severity of defects may be affected by the l...more »
    248. MN1
     A rare genetic defect that can cause meningiomas to develop. A meningioma is a tumor of the meninges which is a membrane that encloses the brain and spinal cord The genetic defect occurs on chromosome 22. The tumor is usually slow-growing and benign....more »
    249. Macrocephaly, mental retardation, short stature, spastic paraplegia and CNS malformations
     A very rare syndrome characterized mainly by a large head, short stature and central nervous system problems....more »
    250. Malignant astrocytoma
     A very malignant primary brain tumor consisting of astrocytes. The tumor spreads throughout the brain and a third of patients dying in the first year....more »
    251. Malignant germ cell tumor
     Malignant tumors that are made up of germ cells which are immature cells that eventually become reproductive system tissues in males and females. The symptoms depend on the location of the tumor which may occur in the ovaries, testes or anywhere along the...more »
    252. Malignant rhabdoid tumors
     An aggressive malignant tumor that occurs in children. Symptoms depend on the location of the tumor. The tumors often form in the kidneys and then tend to metastasize to the brain and sometimes the lungs. Symptoms will vary depending on the location of th...more »
    253. Marie-Se Syndrome
     A sudden buildup of fluid inside the skull (hydrocephalus) in infants who are given large doses of vitamin A. Symptoms tend to occur about 12 hours after the receiving the vitamin A and usually last for a day or two....more »
    254. Meckel Syndrome
     A rare genetic disorder involving numerous abnormalities and characterized by death within the first few weeks....more »
    255. Meconium plug syndrome
     A condition that can occur in newborns where a mass of thickened meconium obstructs the large intestines. The condition may occur as a result of other disorders such as cystic fibrosis, colon atresia, narrowed colon, impaired intestinal motility (Hirschsp...more »
    256. Medulloblastoma
     A type of brain tumor....more »
    257. Megalencephalic leukoencephalopathy with subcortical cysts
     A very rare syndrome characterized mainly by a progressive brain destruction that causes mental retardation and incoordination that starts early in life....more »
    258. Megalencephaly -- polymicrogyria -- post-axial polydactyly -- hydrocephalus
     A rare syndrome characterized mainly by brain abnormalities, extra digits and a excess fluid inside the skull....more »
    259. Meningioma
     A slow-growing tumor of the meninges that is not cancerous. Symptoms are determined by the size and location of the tumor....more »
    260. Meningitis
     Dangerous infection of the membranes surrounding the brain....more »
    261. Meningocele
     A condition which is characterized by a protrusion of the meninges of the brain or spinal cord through a defect in the spinal cord...more »
    262. Meningococcal A
     Meningococcal meningitis is an infection that causes inflammation of the membranes covering the brain and spinal cord. Meningococcal meningitis A is caused by meningococcus A which is mostly common in hyperendemic areas in Africa known as the meningitis b...more »
    263. Meningococcal C
     Meningitis C is a strain of meningococcal meningitis, a bacterial infection of the membranes surrounding the brain and spinal cord....more »
    264. Meningococcal disease
     Dangerous bacterial infection causing meningitis or bacteremia....more »
    265. Meningoencephalocele
     A very rare developmental disorder where a part of the membrane that covers the brain and or part of the brain itself protrudes through an abnormal opening in the skull. The condition may be asymptomatic or if the defect is large, severe neurological abno...more »
    266. Mental retardation, Buenos Aires type
     A very rare syndrome characterized mainly by mental retardation, physical retardation, unusual facial appearance and heart and kidney defects....more »
    267. Methotrimeprazine -- Teratogenic Agent
     There is evidence to indicate that exposure to Methotrimeprazine during pregnancy may have a teratogenic effect on the fetus. A teratogen is a substance that can cause birth defects. The likelihood and severity of defects may be affected by the level of e...more »
    268. Methylmalonicaciduria with homocystinuria, cobalamin F
     An inherited organic acid disorder where an enzyme deficiency (cbl F) impairs the body's ability to break down certain proteins (methionine, threonine, isoleucine and valine) consumed in the diet. This results in a buildup of methylmalonic acid and homocy...more »
    269. Metoclopramide -- Teratogenic Agent
     There is evidence to indicate that exposure to Metoclopramide during pregnancy may have a teratogenic effect on the fetus. A teratogen is a substance that can cause birth defects. The likelihood and severity of defects may be affected by the level of expo...more »
    270. Microphthalmia, syndromic 7
     A rare genetic disorder characterized by eye and skin abnormalities involving irregular red streaks of skin on the head and neck....more »
    271. Midline field defects
     Congenital problems that occur along the vertical axis of the body. Defects can involve the brain, spine, heart, genitals and midline of the head and face....more »
    272. Monosomy 1p36
     A rare chromosomal disorder where deletion of a portion of chromosome 1 causes various abnormalities such as heart problems, mental retardation, developmental delay, facial dysmorphism and short stature. The range and severity of symptoms is variable with...more »
    273. Monosomy 8q12 21
     A very rare chromosomal disorder where a portion of chromosome 8q is missing. The main symptoms include eye, ear and kidney abnormalities as well as mental retardation....more »
    274. Mucopolysaccharidosis type 2 Hunter syndrome- severe form
     A rare inherited biochemical disorder characterized by the accumulation of mucopolysaccharides (glycosaminoglycans) in various body tissues due to insufficient amounts of the enzyme (iduronidate 2-sulfatase) needed to break it down....more »
    275. Mucopolysaccharidosis type I Hurler-Scheie syndrome
     A rare inherited biochemical disorder characterized by the accumulation of mucopolysaccharides (glycosaminoglycans) in various body tissues due to insufficient amounts of the enzyme (?-L-diuronidase) needed to break it down....more »
    276. NADH CoQ reductase, deficiency of
     A rare genetic defect where an enzyme deficiency (NADH CoQ) disrupts cellular processes and causes various organic acid disorders. Any of a variety of the components of the enzyme may be missing or defective and hence the clinical presentation and severit...more »
    277. Nalidixic Acid -- Teratogenic Agent
     There is evidence to indicate that exposure to Nalidixic Acid during pregnancy may have a teratogenic effect on the fetus. A teratogen is a substance that can cause birth defects. The likelihood and severity of defects may be affected by the level of expo...more »
    278. Neomycin -- Teratogenic Agent
     There is evidence to indicate that exposure to Neomycin during pregnancy may have a teratogenic effect on the fetus. A teratogen is a substance that can cause birth defects. The likelihood and severity of defects may be affected by the level of exposure a...more »
    279. Neonatal bacterial meningitis
     Bacterial meningitis that occurs in an infant under 3 months of age. Bacterial meningitis is a bacterial brain infection....more »
    280. Nephropathic cystinosis
     Cystinosis is a condition where excess amino acid cystine builds up to harmful levels in the body. The nephropathic form of cystinosis usually starts during infancy and can result in severe complications if untreated....more »
    281. Neurosyphilis -- tabes dorsalis
     A complication of untreated syphilis where the infection invades the spinal cord and progressively impairs muscle function and nerve damage may also occur. This form of the condition is progressive and life-threatening....more »
    282. Nitrofurantoin -- Teratogenic Agent
     There is evidence to indicate that exposure to Nitrofurantoin during pregnancy may have a teratogenic effect on the fetus. A teratogen is a substance that can cause birth defects. The likelihood and severity of defects may be affected by the level of expo...more »
    283. Norethindrone -- Teratogenic Agent
     There is evidence to indicate that exposure to Norethindrone during pregnancy may have a teratogenic effect on the fetus. A teratogen is a substance that can cause birth defects. The likelihood and severity of defects may be affected by the level of expos...more »
    284. Nytol -- Teratogenic Agent
     There is evidence to indicate that exposure to Nytol during pregnancy may have a teratogenic effect on the fetus. A teratogen is a substance that can cause birth defects. The likelihood and severity of defects may be affected by the level of exposure and ...more »
    285. Ofloxacin -- Teratogenic Agent
     There is evidence to indicate that exposure to Ofloxacin during pregnancy may have a teratogenic effect on the fetus. A teratogen is a substance that can cause birth defects. The likelihood and severity of defects may be affected by the level of exposure ...more »
    286. Oligodendroglioma
     Slow-growing brain tumor...more »
    287. Optic pathway glioma
     A type of tumor that arises in the optic nerve which sends messages from the eye to the brain. These tumors tend to occur mainly in children under the age of 10. The tumor may affect the hormone center of the brain and hence can affect such things as grow...more »
    288. Osteogenesis imperfecta type II
     A rare lethal form of the genetic connective tissue disorder characterized by fragile bones, blue sclerae and facial and tooth abnormalities....more »
    289. Osteogenesis imperfecta, type 2
     A rare lethal form of the genetic connective tissue disorder characterized by fragile bones, blue sclerae and facial and tooth abnormalities....more »
    290. Osteogenesis imperfecta, type 2A
     A rare lethal form of a genetic connective tissue disorder characterized by fragile bones, blue sclerae and facial and tooth abnormalities. Type IIA has a different origin of the genetic mutation but the clinical features are similar. Type IIA involves a ...more »
    291. Osteogenesis imperfecta, type IIB
     A rare, recessively inherited, lethal form of a genetic connective tissue disorder characterized by fragile bones, blue sclerae and facial and tooth abnormalities. Type IIB has a different origin of the genetic mutation but the clinical features are simil...more »
    292. Osteopetrosis lethal
     A severe, lethal form of the brittle bone condition called osteopetrosis....more »
    293. Osteopetrosis, autosomal recessive 2
     A rare disorder characterized primarily by increased bone density as old bone is not resorbed and replaced with new bone - is also known as marble bone disease. This form is relatively mild with survival possible for a couple of decades in some cases....more »
    294. Partial agenesis of corpus callosum
     A rare birth defect where part of the corpus callosum is absent. The corpus callosum is the area that connects the two main halves of the brain (cerebral hemispheres). Severity of symptoms is determined by how much of the structure is missing. Mild cases ...more »
    295. Penicillamine -- Teratogenic Agent
     There is evidence to indicate that exposure to Penicillamine during pregnancy may have a teratogenic effect on the fetus. A teratogen is a substance that can cause birth defects. The likelihood and severity of defects may be affected by the level of expos...more »
    296. Pepcid -- Teratogenic Agent
     There is evidence to indicate that exposure to Pepcid (used to treat and prevent ulcers) during pregnancy may have a teratogenic effect on the fetus. A teratogen is a substance that can cause birth defects. The likelihood and severity of defects may be af...more »
    297. Pfeiffer Syndrome Type I
     A rare genetic disorder where some of the skull bones fuse too early which affects the size and shape of the skull and face. Thumb and toe abnormalities are also present. There are three types of Pfeiffer syndrome with varying degrees of severity. Type I ...more »
    298. Pfeiffer Syndrome Type III
    299. Pfeiffer syndrome Type 3
     A rare genetic disorder characterized by premature joining of certain skull bones during development which has an impact on the shape of the head and face. Features include craniofacial abnormalities, cardiovascular malformations and early death is common...more »
    300. Pineal Teratoma
     A type of brain tumor that occurs mainly in the pineal region of the brain....more »
    301. Pinealoma
     A slow-growing type of brain tumor that occurs in the pineal gland. The pineal gland produces a hormone called melatonin which is involved in regulating sleep patterns....more »
    302. Pineoblastoma, adult
     A rare type of highly malignant brain tumor that usually occurs in children. The tumor develops in the pineal region of the brain....more »
    303. Pneumococcal meningitis
     Pneumococcal meningitis is an inflammation or infection of the membranes covering the brain and spinal cord caused by Streptococcus pneumoniae (also called pneumococcus)....more »
    304. Porencephaly
     A central nervous system disorder involving cysts in the brain cortex caused by stroke, infection or genetic anomaly....more »
    305. Pork tapeworm
     A tapeworm infection that is caused from pork...more »
    306. Prednisone -- Teratogenic Agent
     There is evidence to indicate that exposure to Prednisone during pregnancy may have a teratogenic effect on the fetus. A teratogen is a substance that can cause birth defects. The likelihood and severity of defects may be affected by the level of exposure...more »
    307. Progesterone -- Teratogenic Agent
     There is evidence to indicate that exposure to Progesterone during pregnancy may have a teratogenic effect on the fetus. A teratogen is a substance that can cause birth defects. The likelihood and severity of defects may be affected by the level of exposu...more »
    308. Pseudoaminopterin syndrome
     A very rare condtion characterized by mental and physical retardation, skull abnormalities and skeletal defects. The symptoms observed are similar to those caused by aminopterin which was once used to induce abortions but in the pseudo form there is no ev...more »
    309. Pseudophosphatasia
     A rare condition where infants have all the physical features of infantile hypophosphatasia but alkaline phosphatase activity is normal....more »
    310. Pseudotumor Cerebri
     A condition involving increased intracranial pressure which can produce symptoms similar to a brain tumor....more »
    311. Questran -- Teratogenic Agent
     There is evidence to indicate that exposure to Questran (cholesterol-lowering drug) during pregnancy may have a teratogenic effect on the fetus. A teratogen is a substance that can cause birth defects. The likelihood and severity of defects may be affecte...more »
    312. Quinacrine -- Teratogenic Agent
     There is evidence to indicate that exposure to Quinacrine during pregnancy may have a teratogenic effect on the fetus. A teratogen is a substance that can cause birth defects. The likelihood and severity of defects may be affected by the level of exposure...more »
    313. Quinine -- Teratogenic Agent
     There is evidence to indicate that exposure to Quinine during pregnancy may have a teratogenic effect on the fetus. A teratogen is a substance that can cause birth defects. The likelihood and severity of defects may be affected by the level of exposure an...more »
    314. Radiation induced meningioma
     A type of brain tumor caused by exposure of the head region to radiation. Radiation is often used to treat a number of conditions, particularly cancer. The tumor can develop years or even decades after the exposure. Symptoms are determined by the exact lo...more »
    315. Renal-hepatic-pancreatic dysplasia -- Dandy Walker cyst
     A very rare syndrome involving abnormal development of the kidneys, liver and pancreas as well as a brain cyst called a Dandy-Walker cyst....more »
    316. Retinoic Acid -- Teratogenic Agent
     There is evidence to indicate that exposure to Retinoic Acid during pregnancy may have a teratogenic effect on the fetus. A teratogen is a substance that can cause birth defects. The likelihood and severity of defects may be affected by the level of expos...more »
    317. Retinoids embryopathy
     Fetal exposure to retinoids has the potential to cause mental and physical birth defects, particularly craniofacial, heart and ear malformations. It is advised that women planning a pregnancy should avoid taking retinoids for two years before the pregnanc...more »
    318. Reye's Syndrome
     A syndrome in children recovering from infection and associated with aspirin....more »
    319. Rhabdoid tumor
     An aggressive malignant tumor that occurs in children. Symptoms depend on the location of the tumor. The tumors often form in the kidneys and then tend to metastasize to the brain and sometimes the lungs....more »
    320. Rhombencephalosynapsis
     Abnormal development of the brain where the vermis of the cerebellum is partially or totally absent and the cerebellar hemispheres are joined together. The type and severity of symptoms depends on the severity of the abnormality - symptoms can range from ...more »
    321. Rifampin -- Teratogenic Agent
     There is evidence to indicate that exposure to Rifampin during pregnancy may have a teratogenic effect on the fetus. A teratogen is a substance that can cause birth defects. The likelihood and severity of defects may be affected by the level of exposure a...more »
    322. Rimbaud-Passouant-Vallat syndrome
     A type of brain inflammation....more »
    323. Rokitansky Van Bogaert syndrome
     A rare disorder characterized by pigmentation abnormalities of the skin and brain which causes various neurological symptoms as well as skin nevi....more »
    324. Rolland-Desbuquois syndrome
     A condition characterized by dwarfism, hydrocephalus, facial abnormalities and a narrow chest. Survival is possible past infancy. The condition is a less severe form of Silverman-Handmaker syndrome which is lethal....more »
    325. Sabin-Feldman syndrome
     A rare inherited disorder characterized by damage to brain tissue, chorioretinopathy (fluid build up under the retina) and mental retardation. The symptoms of this condition are similar to those of the parasitic infection called toxoplasmosis....more »
    326. Sakati syndrome
     A rare genetic condition characterized by head and digital anomalies as well as other abnormalities....more »
    327. Schizencephaly
     A very rare disorder where the brain fails to develop normally and slits or clefts form in the brain. They type and severity of symptoms is determined by the degree of abnormality....more »
    328. Schwartz newark syndrome
     A rare syndrome characterized by pigmentation anomaly, hydrocephaly, spina bifida and a myelomeningocele....more »
    329. Schwartz, Cohen-Addad, Lambert syndrome
     A rare disorder characterized by increased pigmentation and a central nervous system malformation (myelomeningocele)....more »
    330. Sengers-Hamel-Otten syndrome
     A very rare syndrome characterized mainly by obesity, buildup of fluid inside the skull (hydrocephalus) and impaired sex hormone production....more »
    331. Seow-Najjar syndrome
     A rare inherited disorder characterized by abnormal tooth enamel, cataracts and a brain abnormality. The brain abnormality involves a narrowed duct (aqueduct of Sylvius) which connects the third and fourth ventricle and allows brain and spinal fluid to pa...more »
    332. Shaken Baby Syndrome
     A condition caused by violent shaking of a baby....more »
    333. Silverman-Handmaker syndrome
     A condition characterized by dwarfism, hydrocephalus, facial abnormalities and a narrow chest. The condition results in death during or soon after birth and is a more severe form of Rolland-Debuquois syndrome....more »
    334. Sjogren-Larsson syndrome
     A rare inherited neurological and skin disorder characterized by mental retardation, spastic paraplegia and thickened scaly skin (ichthyosis). The condition involves a deficiency of fatty alcohol oxidoreductase which causes an accumulation of long-chain f...more »
    335. Skeletal dysplasia, San Diego type
     A very rare disorder characterized mainly by short limbs and flattened spinal vertebrae. Infants are stillborn or die soon after birth....more »
    336. Smith-Lemli-Opitz syndrome, type 2
     A rare birth disorder where an enzyme deficiency (7-dehydrocholesterol reductase) prevents cholesterol being metabolized properly. The condition causes a variety of physical abnormalities. Type II is a more severe form of the condition....more »
    337. Spina bifida
     A birth defect where the spinal vertebrae do not completely enclose the spinal cord often resulting in various degrees of nerve damage....more »
    338. Spranger-Schinzel-Myers syndrome
     A very rare syndrome characterized by brain malformation, underdeveloped fingers and bone abnormalities. It is believed to be possibly caused by exposure to ergotamine and diazoxide which may be teratogenic....more »
    339. Subarachnoid haemorrhage
     A condition which is characterized by haemorrhage of blood into the subarachnoid space...more »
    340. Subarachnoid hemorrhage
     Brain bleeding in the subarachnoid area...more »
    341. Subdural hematoma
     Type of bleeding in the brain...more »
    342. Sucralfate -- Teratogenic Agent
     There is evidence to indicate that exposure to Sucralfate during pregnancy may have a teratogenic effect on the fetus. A teratogen is a substance that can cause birth defects. The likelihood and severity of defects may be affected by the level of exposure...more »
    343. Sulfasalazine -- Teratogenic Agent
     There is evidence to indicate that exposure to Sulfasalazine during pregnancy may have a teratogenic effect on the fetus. A teratogen is a substance that can cause birth defects. The likelihood and severity of defects may be affected by the level of expos...more »
    344. Sulfatidosis juvenile, Austin type
     A very rare metabolic disorder where all the sulfatase enzymes are impaired resulting in a variety of physical and developmental abnormalities....more »
    345. Systemic monochloroacetate poisoning
     Monochloracetate acid is a dangerous chemical which can cause systemic poisoning even if only skin exposure occurs. Exposure to the chemical can be life-threatening with serious symptoms starting within hours of the exposure....more »
    346. Tetra-Amelia, Autosomal Recessive
     A recessively inherited malformation syndrome characterized by absence of all four limbs. Various other malformations were also present....more »
    347. Thanatophoric dysplasia, type 2
     A rare lethal genetic disorder characterized by severe skeletal abnormalities, flat vertebrae, large head and low nasal bridge....more »
    348. Tibial aplasia -- ectrodactyly -- hydrocephalus
     A rare syndrome characterized mainly by a build up of fluid inside the skull (hydrocephaly), shin bone abnormalities and a split hand deformity....more »
    349. Toxoplasmosis -- Teratogenic Agent
     There is strong evidence to indicate that the development of Toxoplasmosis during pregnancy may have a teratogenic effect on the fetus. A teratogen is a substance that can cause birth defects. The likelihood and severity of defects may be affected by the ...more »
    350. Transthyretin amyloidosis
     Amyloidosis is a rare group of metabolic disorders where a protein called amyloid accumulates in body organs and tissues where it can cause damage. In the transthyretin form, the amyloid protein consists of transthretin. The condition is characterized by ...more »
    351. Traumatic Brain Injury
     Brain injury from trauma or accident....more »
    352. Tretinoin -- Teratogenic Agent
     There is evidence to indicate that exposure to Tretinoin during pregnancy may have a teratogenic effect on the fetus. A teratogen is a substance that can cause birth defects. The likelihood and severity of defects may be affected by the level of exposure ...more »
    353. Triazolam -- Teratogenic Agent
     There is evidence to indicate that exposure to Triazolam during pregnancy may have a teratogenic effect on the fetus. A teratogen is a substance that can cause birth defects. The likelihood and severity of defects may be affected by the level of exposure ...more »
    354. Trip (2) (q11.2-q21)
     A rare chromosomal disorder characterized by various anomalies. The listed symptoms are those observed in one reported case. The manifestations linked to most genetic defects are often variable to some degree....more »
    355. Triploid syndrome
     A complete extra set of chromosomes....more »
    356. VACTERL association with hydrocephaly, X-linked
     This condition is characterised by the occurrence of hydrocephalus with VACTERYL syndrome....more »
    357. VACTERL hydrocephaly
     A rare syndrome characterized by the VACTERL abnormalities (vertebral anomalies, anal atresia, congenital cardiac disease, tracheoesophageal fistula, renal anomalies, radial dysplasia, limb defects) as well as a buildup of fluid inside the skull (hydrocep...more »
    358. VACTERL with hydrocephalus, X-linked
     A rare X-linked syndrome characterized by the VACTERL abnormalities (vertebral anomalies, anal atresia, congenital cardiac disease, tracheoesophageal fistula, renal anomalies, radial dysplasia, limb defects) as well as a buildup of fluid inside the skull ...more »
    359. VACTERYL hydrocephaly
     This condition is characterised by the occurrence of hydrocephalus with VACTERYL syndrome....more »
    360. Valproic Acid -- Teratogenic Agent
     There is evidence to indicate that exposure to Valproic Acid during pregnancy may have a teratogenic effect on the fetus. A teratogen is a substance that can cause birth defects. The likelihood and severity of defects may be affected by the level of expos...more »
    361. Van Regemorter Pierquin Vamos syndrome
     A syndrome which is characterised by multiple congenital abnormalities...more »
    362. Vasotec -- Teratogenic Agent
     There is evidence to indicate that exposure to Vasotec (an ACE inhibitor) during pregnancy may have a teratogenic effect on the fetus. A teratogen is a substance that can cause birth defects. The likelihood and severity of defects may be affected by the l...more »
    363. Vein of Galen aneurysm
     A rare condition which is characterised by an aneurysm resulting from a intracranial vascular malformation...more »
    364. Viral meningitis
     Viral meningitis refers to meningitis caused by a viral infection...more »
    365. Vogt-Koyanagi-Harada Syndrome
     A rare condition characterized by poliosis and hair, skin, eye and ear abnormalities as well as retinal detachment and neurological involvement....more »
    366. Waaler Aarskog syndrome
     A rare syndrome characterized mainly by hydrocephaly and upwardly displaced shoulder blade (Sprengel anomaly)....more »
    367. Warfarin -- Teratogenic Agent
     There is evidence to indicate that exposure to Warfarin during pregnancy may have a teratogenic effect on the fetus. A teratogen is a substance that can cause birth defects. The likelihood and severity of defects may be affected by the level of exposure a...more »
    368. Weaver Johnson syndrome
     A syndrome that is characterised by craniosynostosis and cleft lip...more »
    369. Wyburn Mason's syndrome
     A rare genetic condition mainly involving enlarged brain blood vessels and skin and eye abnormalities....more »
    370. Wyburn-Mason Syndrome
     A condition which is characterized by arteriovenous aneurysms on one or both sides of the brain...more »
    371. X-linked hydrocephalus spectrum
     A rare genetic disorder characterized by hydrocephalus, short flexed thumbs and mental deficiency....more »
    372. Zarontin -- Teratogenic Agent
     There is evidence to indicate that exposure to Zarontin (antiseizure medication) during pregnancy may have a teratogenic effect on the fetus. A teratogen is a substance that can cause birth defects. The likelihood and severity of defects may be affected b...more »

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